(INFO) Important Topics in Polity (GS)

(INFO) Important Topics in Polity (GS)

1. ConstituentAssembly
Formation, Members, Election, Discussions, Decisions, Committes, Adoptation, Commencement-Preamble

2. States
New Formation, Part ABCD States, Reorganisation Act, Linguistic State, Formation-Parliament-Art 3 and 4-Cessation

3. Citizenship
Citizenship Act 1955-5 methods of Acquiring, Loosing

4. Fundamental Rights
Definition of Fundamental-Constitutional-Human Rights-6 Kinds-Available to Citizens only-Suspension of-5 kinds of Writs-Public Interest Litigation-Art 12-35

5. Directive Principles
Defn-Difference from Fundamental Rights,Welfare State, Art 40,43,44,45,46,50,51-Uniform Civil Code

6. Fundamental duties
Art 51 A-10 concepts added through 42nd Amendment

7. President
Election,Qualfn and disqualfn-Powers -Privileges-Impeachment-Art 74-Not controlled by Art 74

8. Parliament
2 Houses, QualfnDisqualfn,Defection, SpeakerCommittes, Joint Sitting,Privilege,Money Bill Ordinance Making Power of President-

9. Supreme Court
Chief Justice and Others-Qualfn-Appointment-Removal-Adhoc Judges-Original, AppellateJurisdiction-Special Leace Petition-Advisory Opinion-Judicial Precedent

10. CAG
Appt-Powers-Constitutional Safeguard-Jurisdiction

11. Governor
Appt-Qoalfn-Tenure-Powers-How better placed than President,Art 200 Ordinance

12. State Legislature

Two Houses-Qualfn-Disqualfn-Powers-Cration or Abolition of Council

13. Judiciary
Qualfn-Removal -Art 226-Subordinate Judiciary

14. Panchayat
Art 243 a to end -Municipalities-Panchayat Raj-Importance of 73rd and 74 th Amendment

15. State -Central Relationships
Legislative Relations-Art245-255-When Union can enact on State List-Traty Making Power.Administrative Relations-Art 256-263-Inter State water Dispute-Inter State CouncilsFinancial-Art 264-300-Sharing of Taxes-FinCommn

16. New Service

Art 312-Powers of Rajya Sabha-AI Judicial Service

17. UPSC
Art 315-323-Set Up-Qualfn-Powers and Functions

18. Tribunals
Art 323A &B-Administrative-Other tribunals

19. Election Commission
Art 324-329-Powwrs-Electoral Laws-People Rep Act-New Schemes

20. Minorities
Art 330-342-Special Provisions Relating toBC, SC ,ST and other Weaker Sections

21. Official Language
Art 343-351-Official Languages-Use of English-Languages in Courts-Mother Tongue Education

22. Emergency
3 Kinds of Emergencies-Art 352-360-National-Effects-When can proclaim,DurationArt356-Effects-S.R.Bommai's CaseArt

23. Misc
Art 316-367

Chitresh Kumar Sainia
B.Tech, Civil Engg.
IIT Delhi