Services (Prelims) Examination Special
Quick Revision Notes
was the saint from Gujarat who
preached non-sectarianism in medieval times. He founded the â€œBrahma-
Sampardaayaâ€ (the sect of Brahma).
(or Dahir): was the Brahmana king
of Sind who was defeated by the Arab invasion in A.D. 712 by Mohammadbin- Kasim,
nephew and son-inlaw of al-Hajjaj, governor of Irak. The Indian ruler (Dahar)
offered a brave resistance in the battle near Raor but was defeated and killed.
the Iranian ruler who penetrated into north-west India in 516 B.C. and annexed
Punjab, west of Indus, and Sindh.
830-850) was successor to Dharmapala, the famous Pala ruler. He established the
third important Pala university of Somapura. He shifted his capital to Monghyr
from where he maintained diplomatic relations with the Sailendra kings of
the first major work to say that salvation by means of devotion is open to
humans regardless of birth, gender or station in life.
the Gandhara art, it is the preaching mudra associated with the Buddhaâ€™s
First Sermon at Sarnath. First Congress Split: took place in 1907 at
First metal used by man:
First Muslim invaders of
India: Arabs were the first Muslim invaders of India.
First Sultan of Delhi: was
Qutb-ud-din who succeeded Muhammad Ghuri as sovereign of the new Indian
conquests, and from 1206 may be reckoned as the first Sultan of Delhi.
First to issue gold coins
in India: Mauryas.
First to set up department
of agriculture: Muhammad-bin- Tughlaq was the first to set up a
department of agriculture in India.
First to start sea trade
with India: Portugal.
was the great king of Satavahana dynasty.
Gayatri mantra: is
contained in Rig Veda.
has been the main feature of the South Indian temple architecture.
Hasan Gangoo: entitled
Zafar Khan was founder of the Bahmani kingdom in Deccan.
Ibadat Khana: is
a building at Fatehpur Sikri where Akbar held discussions on religious matters.
a great scholar and traveller from South Africa who came to India in A.D. 1333
during the reign of Mohammad Tughlak and wrote about him.
was the land-grant system adopted by Ala-ud-din Khilji to grant his officers as
reward for services rendered. Qutabuddin Aibak was assigned the first iqta in
India by Mohd of Ghor.
a famous jurist of medieval India (fifteenth century). His work Dayabhaga is
a commentary on the srutis, specially on Manu.
Kalachuri era: counted
from A.D. 248, it was mostly current in Central India. Their capital was Tripuri
near Jabalpur. Kalachuris were the feudatories of the Pratiharas but soon
the most commonly used coin in the Chola kingdom.
the land tax imposed by Mohd-bin-Qasim after the Arabsâ€™ occupation of Sind.
Magazines started by
National leaders: Young India (M.K. Gandhi); Kesari (B.G.
Tilak); New India (Annie Besant); Bengali (S.N. Bannerji).
Maski Rock edict: This
minor Rock-edict is the only edict in which Ashoka refers to himself as the king
Moplah Rebellion: broke
out in Malabar (Kerala) in August 1921.
a Persian script used in medieval India.
Nauroj festival in India:
Balban introduced the famous Persian festival of Nauroj in India.
Nicolo Conti: was
the Italian foreign traveller who visited Vijayanagar about A.D. 1420 during the
reign of Deva Raya-II.