(Paper) Election Process Of Indian President

Election Process Of Indian President


Question : Explain the election process of Indian President?

Ans :
The President is elected not directly by the people, but by a process of indirect election as laid down in the Constitution. He is elected by an electoral college consisting of elected members of both Houses of parliament and the elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the States; in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote. The voting at such election is by secret ballot. The states on the one hand and the Union Parliament on the other enjoy equality of votes in this election, but the different States do not have equality of votes. However, the Constitution tries to secure uniformity of representation of the different states according to the population and the total number of elected members of the Legislative Assembly of each State. In this way the President shall be a representative of the nation as well as a representative of the people in the different states.

The number of votes to be cast by each member of a State Legislative Assembly is determined on the basis of the following formula, This shall be the number of votes of one M.L.A. To calculate the votes of the whole State, this number shall be multiplied by the number of elected M.L.As of that state. In this manner the votes of all the states in the Indian Union shall be calculated. A candidate who gets at least 50% of the total votes cast shall be declared elected as President.