Material : World Geography useful notes
- Hottest Place: Dallol, Denakil Depression, Ethiopia, annual average
temperature : 34.4 degree Celsius
- Coldest Place: Plateau Station, Antarctica, annual average temperature :
-56.7 degree Celsius
- Wettest Place: Mawsynram, Meghalaya : 1187cm (74 yr average)
- Driest Place: Atacama Desert, Chile : 0.08cm
Trade Winds are the winds
which blow from the sub-tropical belts of high pressure towards the equatorial
region of low pressure from the north-east in the northern hemisphere and from
the south east in the southern hemisphere.
Gale is the name given to
strong winds having a speed between 56km and 72 km per hour.
Hurricane denotes a strong wind
and a violent cyclonic storm with torrential rain and thunderstorm with wind
velocity of over hundred km per hour.
Tornado is the name given to
the violent storm occuring in North America. It is generally accompanied by
torrential rains and produces water spouts in the sea.
Water Spout is a tornado
occuring in the sea usually in tropical and sub-tropical regions which connects
a whirling cone of dense cloud with a cone of spray raised from sea
and thus raises a huge column of water.
Bora is the name given to the
cold dry wind experienced particularly in winter along the eastern coast of the
Atlantic Ocean and in northern Italy.
Cyclone is a storm of high
intensity with winds blowing at speeds of 120-280 km per hour round the centre.
The winds, often accompanied by torrential rain, rush inward from all