Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission
Syllabus For Animal Husbandary And Veterinary Science Mains Examination
ANIMAL HUSBANDARY AND VETERINARY
SCIENCE (CODE NO. 02)
PAPER - I
1. Animal Nutrition
Metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins and fats, Requirements for maintenance,
growth and production of milk, meat ,work, eggs and wool. Mineral and trace
elements. Metabolism, source and role of minerals and trace elements, their
requirements for growth and production, deficiency syndromes. Vitamins, their
sources, requirements, role in metabolism and deficiency syndromes. Feeding
standards and measures of feed energy. Limitations of different feeding systems.
Feeding practices in livestock in normal and drought conditions. Feed additives
in the ration of livestock and poultry; antibiotics and hormonal compounds and
other growth stimulators their uses and abuse. Preservation of feed. Feeding
infants and growing. Importance of colostrums. Feeding and care of expectant and
2. Genetics and Animal Breeding
Probability applied to Mendelian inheritance. Hardy Weinberg law, Poly
morphism. Inheritance of quantitative traits. Casual components of variation.
Biometrical models and covariance between relatives. The theory of path
coefficient applied to genetic analysis. Heritability, repeatability Estimation
of additive, non additive and environmental variance. Genetic and environmental
correlations. Mating systems, inbreeding, out breeding. Measurement of
inbreeding, Aid to selections, Breeding for threshold traits. Method of
selection , Selection index, evolution of genetic gain, correlated response in
selection. Reciprocal. Recurrent selection. Hybridization. Choice of effective
breeding plan. Importance of breeding records in equines and wild animals. stud
books in wild animals and their utility in capitive breeding programme.
Application of computer for statistical analysis in animal farms and veterinary
hospitals and epidemiology.
3. Semen quality, preservation and artificial insemination
Components of semen, composition of spermatozoa, chemical and physical
properties of ejaculated semen, factors affecting semen in vivo and in vitro.
Factors affecting semen preservation. Composition of diluents, sperm
concentration, transport of diluted semen. Deep freezing techniques in cows,
sheep and goats swine and poultry. Biochemistry of semen, Care, sterilization
and storage of equipments used for artificial insemination. Selection, care,
training and maintenance of breeding bull for A.I.
4. Livestock production and Management
Comparison of diary farming in India with advanced countries. Dairying under
mixed farming and as a specialized farming, economic dairy farming, starting of
a dairy farm. Capital and land requirement organization of the dairy farm.
Procurement of goods, opportunities in dairy farming, factors determining the
efficiency of dairy animal. Herd recording. budgeting, cost of milk production,
pricing policy; Personnel management. Wild and zoo animal management Management
of pack animal Management of laboratory animals & fish production.
5. Milk Technology
Organization of rural milk procurement, collection and transport of raw milk.
Quality testing and grading raw milk. Grades of whole milk, skimmed milk and
cream. Defects in processing, packing, storing, distribution and marketing of
milk and milk products and their remedial measures. Nutritive properties of
pasteurized, standardized, toned, double toned, sterilized, homogenized,
reconstituted, recombined and flavoured milk.Preparation of cultured milks.
Cultures and their management. Vitamin D, acidified and other special milks,
Legal standards and sanitation requirements for clean and safe milk and for the
milk plant equipments. Methods of preparation of butter, ghee, khoa, lassi,
curd, ice cream and cheese.
Veterinary Hygiene with respect to water, air and habitation. Duties and role of
Veterinarians in a slaughter house to provide meat that is produced under ideal
hygienic conditions. By-products from slaughter houses and their economic
utilization. Methods of collection, preservation and processing of hormonal
glands for medicinal use. Sanitation of animal houses. Source of air pollution
in animal houses and its effect on animal health and production.
Extension Education: evolution of extension education in India: classification
of extension, teaching methods, audiovisual aids, their classification. Role of
animals in the economy, health, sociopsychology of rural, semi urban and urban
society (role of farm stock, companion animals, sports animals etc.) Different
methods adopted to educate farmers under rural conditions. Utilization of fallen
animals for profit extension education, etc. Design trysen : Different
possibilities and method to provide self employment to educated youth under
rural condition. Cross breeding as a method of upgrading the local cattle.
ANIMAL HUSBANDARY AND VETERINARY
SCIENCE (Code No. 02)
Anatomy of ox and fowl. Histological technique freezing, paraffin embedding etc.
Common histological stain. Preparation and straining of blood films. Mammalian
Histology. Structure and function of cell and cytoplasmic constituents:
Structure of nucleus, plasma membrane, mitochondria, golgi bodies, endoplasmic
reticulum and ribasomes. Cell division: Mitosis and Miosis. Systemic embryology-
stage wise study of embryo/ fetus of chicks, cattle, buffalo, sheep, goat and
Prenatal and post natal growth. Hormonal control of development of udder and
milk . Environmental factors affecting reproduction in males and females.
methods of ameliorating environmental stress. Physiological relations and their
regulations: mechanism of adaptation, environmental factors and regulatory
mechanisms involved in animal behavior. Methods of controlling climatic stress.
Physiology of circulation, respiration excretions, digestions and reproduction.
Shock, its mechanism, classification of shock. Fluid and electrolyte balance.
Hypoxia role of respiration in acid base mechanism. Respiration in poultry.
Pharmacology of drugs acting on gastrointestinal, cardio-vascular, urinary,
respiratory, nervous, genital systems and endocrines. Therapeutic agents against
bacteria, protozoa fungi, parasites and insects, including their mechanism of
action. Common toxic compounds and plants their effects and treatment. Use of
anticancer agent in animals, pharmacological and therapeutic efficacy of
Common livestock and poultry diseases caused by bacteria, fungi protozoa,
viruses and parasites pertaining to their causal agents, epidemiology, symptoms
diagnostic methods, treatment and prevention. Important zoonotic diseases .
Toxicity caused by agrochemicals and environmental toxicity. Methods of
collection and dispatch of material for laboratory diagnosis. rinciples of
immunity and immunization: Principles of epidemiology, public health aspects of
food products of animal origin (meat. egg. milk and fish) their inspection and
Anaesthesia in animals. Common surgical affections of different systems of the
body. Diseases of locomotion system with special reference to soundness, health
identification, principles of radiology. Electrotherapy in veterinary practice.
Familiarisation with fluoroscopic examination and ultrasonography
Jurisprudence in veterinary practice. Common offences towards animals. Common
adulteration practices regarding milk and milk products and meat and their
detection. Laws relating to offences affecting public health. Laws relating to
adulteration of drugs Evidence procedure in court Legal duties of veterinarian
Code of conduct and ethics for veterinarian.