Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission
Syllabus For Botany Mains Examination (Optional)
BOTANY ( CODE NO. 04 )
PAPER - I
MICROBIOLOGY, PATHOLOGY, PLANT GROUPS, MORPHOLOGY
ANATOMY TAXONOMY AND EMBRYOLOGY OF ANGIOSPERMS
Structure, classification, reproduction and economic importance of Virus,
phytoplasma ( mycoplasma), bacteria and cyanobacteria Microbes in industry and
2. Plant Pathology
Knowledge of plant diseases caused by fungi, modes of infection and methods of
3. Plant Diversity
Structure, reproduction, life history, classification and economic importance of
algae, fungi, bryophytes pteridophytes and gymnosperms.
Tissue and tissue systems. Morphology and anatomy of root, stem and leaf.
Developmental aspect and anomalous primary and secondary structures. Morphology
of flower, structure of anther and ovule, microsporogenesis and megasporogenesis,
fertilization and embryo development. Seed development.
Priniciples of nomenclature and classification of angiosperms. Modern trends in
taxonomy. A general account of the following families : Ranunculaceae,
Brassicaceae, Malvaceae, Rutaceae, Fabaceae (Leguminosae), Apiaceae, Apocynaceae,
Asclepiadaceae, Solanaceae, Lamiaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Liliaceae and Poaceae.
BOTANY (CODE NO. 04 )
Cell Biology, Genetics and Evolution, Plant Physiology, Ecology and Economic
1. Cell Biology
Cell as unit of structure & function. Prokaryotic and eukerayotic cells. Ultra
structure and functions of plasma membrane, endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria,
ribosomes chloroplasts and nucleus. Chromosomes : Structure, chemical nature and
behaviour during mitosis and meiosis. Special types of chromosomes.
2. Genetics and Evolution
Mendelism, concept of gene, structure and types of DNA and RNA, genetic code,
protein synthesis and regulation. Theories of organic evolution and evidences.
3. Plant Physiology
Absorption and conduction of water. Transpiration, Mineral nutrition.
Photosynthesis, Respiration, Photorespiration, Enzymes, Nitrogen metabolism and
fermentation. Growth, plant hormones and their functions. Photoperiodism. Seed
dormancy and germination.
Scope of Ecology, ecological factors, structure, function and dynamics of
Ecosystem. Plant communities and succession. Applied aspects of ecology
including conservation, control of pollution and management of natural
resources. Endangered plants, endemism and red data book. Global warming, acid
rains and ozone layer depletion.
5. Economic Botany
Plants as sources of food, fodder, fibers, spices, beverages, medicines and