(Syllabus) MPPSC : Syllabus For Botany Preliminary Examination (Optional)

Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission
Syllabus For Botany Preliminary Examination (Optional)


1. Origin and Evolution of Life
Basic ideas about the origin of Earth. Origin of life, chemical and biological evolution, geological time scale and types of fossils.

2. Cell Biology
Cell, structure and functions of cell organelles, chromosomes : Structure and types. Mitosis and meiosis.

3. Genetics
Concept of gene, DNA, RNA, laws of inheritance. Cytoplasmic inheritance, mutation and polyploidy. Plant breeding.

4. Plant Diversity
A general account of structure and reproduction of virus, bacteria, cyanobacteria, algae, fungi, lichens, bryophytes, pteridophytes and gymnosperms. Concept of alternation of generations.

5. Angiosperms
Morphology, anatomy, types of tissues and their functions. Modifications of root, stem and leaf. Reproduction : Pollination, fertilization and development of seed.

6. Taxonomy
Principles of nomenclature, classification and identification of plants. Salient features and importance of following families : Malvaceae, Fabaceae, (Leguminosae), Solanaaceae, Lamiaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Poaceae.

7. Plant physiology
Water relations of plant, mineral nutrition, enzymes, photosynthesis, nitrogen metabolism, respiration, growth, hormones, physiology of flowering, seed germination.

8. Plant pathology
A general account of important diseases of crop plants of India and their control.

9. Plants and human welfare
Role of plants in human life. Plants yielding food, fibers, wood and medicines.

10. Plants and environment
Ecosystem, ecological adaptations, natural resources and pollution, Global warming, acid rains and ozone layer depletion.

11. Biotechnology
Recombinant D.N.A. technique, tissue culture, biofertilizers, Application of biotechnology in agriculture, horticulture, medicine and industry.