Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission
Syllabus For Botany Preliminary Examination (Optional)
BOTANY ( CODE NO. 04 )
1. Origin and Evolution of Life
Basic ideas about the origin of Earth. Origin of life, chemical and
biological evolution, geological time scale and types of fossils.
2. Cell Biology
Cell, structure and functions of cell organelles, chromosomes : Structure
and types. Mitosis and meiosis.
Concept of gene, DNA, RNA, laws of inheritance. Cytoplasmic inheritance,
mutation and polyploidy. Plant breeding.
4. Plant Diversity
A general account of structure and reproduction of virus, bacteria,
cyanobacteria, algae, fungi, lichens, bryophytes, pteridophytes and gymnosperms.
Concept of alternation of generations.
Morphology, anatomy, types of tissues and their functions. Modifications of
root, stem and leaf. Reproduction : Pollination, fertilization and development
Principles of nomenclature, classification and identification of plants.
Salient features and importance of following families : Malvaceae, Fabaceae, (Leguminosae),
Solanaaceae, Lamiaceae, Euphorbiaceae and Poaceae.
7. Plant physiology
Water relations of plant, mineral nutrition, enzymes, photosynthesis,
nitrogen metabolism, respiration, growth, hormones, physiology of flowering,
8. Plant pathology
A general account of important diseases of crop plants of India and their
9. Plants and human welfare
Role of plants in human life. Plants yielding food, fibers, wood and
10. Plants and environment
Ecosystem, ecological adaptations, natural resources and pollution, Global
warming, acid rains and ozone layer depletion.
Recombinant D.N.A. technique, tissue culture, biofertilizers, Application of
biotechnology in agriculture, horticulture, medicine and industry.