Madhya Pradesh Public Service Commission
Syllabus For Chemistry Preliminary Examination (Optional)
CHEMISTRY ( CODE NO. 05 )
1. Inorganic Chemistry
1.1 Atomic Structure
Idea of de Broglie matter waves. Schrodinger wave equation, Significance of
? and ? 2, quantum numbers, radial and angular wave functions, shapes of
orbitals, relative energies of atomic orbitals as a function of atomic number.
Electronic configurations of elements; Aufbau principle, Hund's multiplicity
rule, Pauli exclusion principle. Effective nuclear charge.
1.2 Periodic Properties
Periodic classification of elements, salient characteristics of s,p,d and f
block elements. Periodic trends of atomic radii, ionic radii, ionisation
potential, electron affinity and electronegativity in the periodic table.
1.3 Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
Chemical bonds., overlap of atomic orbitals, Shapes of molecules (VSEPR
theory). Molecular orbital theory, bond order, bond length. The concept of
hybridization, character of bonds and shapes of molecules and ions. Percent
ionic character from dipole moment and electronegativity difference. Weak
interactions- hydrogen bonding and Van der Waals forces. Metallic bonding.
1.4 Acids and bases
Bronsted and Lewis theories of acids and bases. Hard and soft acids and
bases. HSAB principle, relative strengths of acids and bases and the effect of
substituents and solvents on their strength.
1.5 Chemistry of Non-metals-I
Hydrogen (position in the periodic table, isotopes, ortho and para hydrogen,
heavy water). Hydrogen peroxide- preparation, properties, structure and uses.
Compounds of nitrogen-ammonia, oxides of nitrogen, nitric acid.
1.6 Chemistry of Non-metals-II
Preparation, properties and structures upto boric acid, borates, boron
nitrides, borohydride (diborane), carboranes or oxides and oxyacids of
phosphorous, sulphur and chlorine; interhalogen compounds, polyhalide ions,
pseudohalogens, fluorocarbons and basic properties of halogens. Chemical
reactivity of noble gases, preparation, structure and bonding of noble gas
1.7 Transition metals including lanthanides
General characteristic properties, oxidation states of transition metals.
First row transition metals and general properties of their compounds (oxides,
halides and sulphides). Lanthanide: Electronic configuration, Oxidation states
and lanthanide contraction.
1.8 Extraction of metals
Principles of extraction of metals as illustrated by sodium, magnesium,
aluminium, iron, copper and gold.
1.9 Nuclear Chemistry
Nuclear reactions; mass defect and binding energy, nuclear fission and
fusion. Artificial transmutation of elements. Nuclear reactors; radioisotopes
and their applications. Radio carbon-dating.
1.10 Coordination compounds and Organometallics
Nomenclature, isomerism in coordination compounds, bonding in coordination
compounds. Magnetic properties of transition metal complexes. Compounds
containing metal-carbon bonds, Application of Organometallics.
1.11 Bioinorganic Chemistry
Essential and trace elements in biological processes, Biological role of
alkali and alkaline earth metal ions.
2. Organic Chemistry
2.1 Structure and Bonding
Electronegativity, electron displacements-inductive, mesomeric and
hyperconjugative effects; bond polarity and bond polarizability, dipole moments
of organic molecules; hydrogen bond; fission of covalent bonds: homolysis and
heterolysis; reaction intermediatescarbocations, carbanions, free radicals and
carbenes; Arynes, nitrenes, generation, geometry and stability; nucleophiles and
2.2 Aliphatic compounds
Nomenclature: alkanes-synthesis, reactions (free radical halogenation),
pyrolysis; cycloalkanes-Baeyer's strain theory; alkenes and alkynessynthesis,
electrophilic addition reactions, Markownikov's rule, peroxide effects,
nucleophilic addition to electron-deficient alkenes; polymerisation; relative
acidity; synthesis and reactions of alkyl halides, alkanols, alkanals, alkanones,
alkanoic acids, esters, amides, amines, acid anhydrides, and nitro compounds.
2.3 Stereochemistry of carbon compounds
Elements of symmetry, chiral and achiral compounds. Fischer projection
formulae; optical isomerism of lactic and tartaric acids, enantiomerism and
diastereoisomerism; configuration (relative and absolute); conformations of
ethane, n-butane, and cyclohexane. D, Land R, S-notations of compounds
containing chiral centres; projection formulae-Fischer, Newman and Sawhorse
projection of compounds containing two adjacent chiral centres; meso and
dl-isomers, erythro and threo isomers; racemization and resolution; geometrical
isomers; E and Z notations.
2.4 Organometallic compounds
Preparation and synthetic uses of Grignard reagents and alkyl lithium
compounds, organo Zinc compounds.
2.5 Active methylene compounds
Diethyl malonate and ethyl acetoacetate-applications in organic synthesis;
2.6 Aromatic compounds
Aromaticity; Huckel's rule; electrophilic aromatic substitutionnitration,
sulphonation, halogenation (nuclear and side chain), Friedel-Crafts alkylation
and acylation, substituents effect; chemistry and reactivity of aromatic
halides, phenols, nitro and diazonium compounds.
Classification, reactions, structure of glucose, D, L-configuration, osazone
formation; fructose and sucrose; step-up step-down of aldoses and ketoses.
2.8 Amino acids
Essential amino acids; zwitterions, isoelectric point, polypeptides;
proteins; methods of synthesis of a -amino acids.
2.9 Basic principles and applications of UV - visible, IR
and NMR spectroscopy of simple organic molecules.
Aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Perkin reaction, Riemer- Tiemann
Aromatic characteristics, chemical reactions.
2.12 Fats, Oils, and Detergents.
3. Physical Chemistry
3.1 Gaseous state
Deviation of real gases from the equation of state for an ideal gas, van der
Waals equation of state, critical phenomena, law of corresponding states,
equation for reduced state. Liquification of gases, distribution of molecular
velocity, collisions between molecules in a gas; mean free path.
First law and its applications: Thermodynamic systems, states and processes,
work, heat and internal energy, zeroth law of thermodynamics, various types of
work done on a system in reversible and irreversible processes. Calorimetry and
thermochemistry: Hess’s law, heat of reaction at constant pressure and constant
volume. Bond dissociation energy in Kirchoff equation. Joule-Thomson effect,
inversion temperature. Heat capacities and temperature dependence of enthalpy
and internal energy changes..Second law of thermodynamics and its applications :
Carnot’s cycle its efficiency, thermodynamics scale of temperature. Spontaneity
of a process, entropy and entropy changes in various processes, free energy
functions, criteria for equilibrium, relation between equilibrium constant and
3.3 Phase rule and its applications
Equilibrium between liquid, solid and vapours of a pure substance, Number of
components, phases and degrees of freedom; phase rule and its applications;
simple systems with one (water and sulphur) and two components (lead-silver,
salt hydrates). Distribution law, its modifications, limitations and
Solubility and its temperature dependence, partially miscible liquids, upper
and lower critical solution temperatures, vapour pressures of liquids over their
mixtures, Raoult's and Henry's laws, fractional and steam distillations.
3.5 Colligative Properties
Dilute solutions and colligative properties, determination of molecular
weights using colligative properties.
Ions in solutions, ionic equilibria, dissociation constants of acids and
bases, hydrolysis, pH and buffers, theory of indicators and acid-base
titrations. Conductivity of ionic solutions, its variation with concentration,
Ostwald's dilution law, Kohlrausch law and its application. Transport number and
its determination. galvanic cells and measurements of their e.m.f., cell
reactions, standard cell, standard reduction potential, Nernst equation,
relation between thermodynamic quantities and cell e.m.f..
3.7 Chemical kinetics
Rate of chemical reaction and its dependence on concentrations of the
reactants, rate constant and order of reaction and their experimental
determination; differential and integral rate equations for first and second
order reaction, half-life periods; temperature dependence of rate constant and
Absorption of light, laws of photochemistry, quantum yield, the excited
state and its decay by radiative, nonradiative and chemical pathways; simple
Homogeneous and heterogeneous catalysis and their characteristics, mechanism
of homogeneous catalysis; enzyme catalysed reactions (Michaelis-Menten
The colloidal state, preparation and purification of colloids and their
characteristics properties; lyophilic and lyophobic colloids and coagulation;
protection of colloids; gels, emulsions, surfactants and micelles.
Electromagnetic radiation. Basic principles of UV-visible, rotational,
Infra-red and Raman spectroscopy with selection rule.