(Syllabus) RAS Syllabus (Main): Home Science (Code No. 17)

Rajasthan Public Service Commission

RAS Syllabus (Main): Home Science (Code No. 17)

Home Science Paper-I

I. Human physiology and hygiene :
1. Cells and tissues, anatomy and functioning of skeletal, circulatory, nervous, respiratory, excretory, digestive and endocrine systems and sensory organs.
2. Causes, mode of transmission, signs & symptoms, care and preventive measure of common disease such as cholera, malaria, small pox, typhoid, tetanus and whooping cough.

II. Nutritional biochemistry :
1. Composition, classification, structure, properties and important reactions of carbohydrates, protein, lipids, nucleic acid, DNA, and RNA. Role of nucleic acids in protein synthesis.
2. Enzyme -- characteristics, classification, mechanism of action, factors affecting enzymes activity - temperature, pH, Substrate and enzyme concentration.

III. Food science and food preservation :
1. Protein foods - milk and milk products, pulses, nuts & oil seeds, egg, meat, poultry & fish, their composition and processing.
2. Vegetable and fruits - composition and processing.
3. Use of sugar and fats in food processing.
4. Food spoilage and Food toxicants.
5. Methods of preservation - use of low and high temperature, preservatives and irradiation.

IV. Basic nutrition :
1. Meaning and importance of nutrition. Functions, requirements, sources and effects of deficiency & excess of protein, carbohydrates, lipids, vitamins and minerals, Water functions and balance.
2. Energy - Unit, methods of measurement, BMR, total energy requirement and factors affecting requirement.
3. Digestion and absorption of food. Metabolism - glycolysis, gluconeogensis, glycogenolysis, glycogenesis, citric and cycle, deamination, transamination, decarboxylation, urea cycle, β-oxidation and ketogenisis.

V. Meal planning and normal nutrition :
1. Food groups, principles of meal planning and balance diet.
2. Nutrition during adulthood, pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, adolescence and elderly.
3. Food service management in institutions like hostel, hospital, cafeteria, canteen, industries etc.

VI. Therapeutic nutrition :
1. Meaning, team approach, types of diet & feeding the patient.
2. Etiology, symptoms, metabolic changes, dietary principles and modification of diet in fevers, weight management, constipation diarrhea, peptic ulcer, hepatitis, cirrhosis, hepatic coma, acute and chronic nephritis. diabetes and coronary heart diseases.

VII. Community nutrition
1. Concept of scope
2. Assessment of nutritional status.
3. Food additives and adulteration.
4. Malnutrition-causes and management.
5. Nutrition education- meaning, importance, organization of nutrition programme.
6. National nutrition programmes and role of agencies.

VIII. Health, mother craft and population education
1. Concept of good health, health programmes, social responsibilities towards infectious diseases, immunization.
2. Meaning and principle of growth and development.
3. Reproductives system, pregnancy, common ailment & toxemia of pregnancy, and their management. Care of expectant mother. Preparation of confinement and arrival of new born, care of new born and baby.
4. Population education - definition, population dynamics, causes and consequences of population, explosion, Family life and sex education. Small benefits. Family planning methods.

IX. Development aspects-infancy to pre school years :
1. Importance of early years, concept of critical periods.
2. Infancy - physical development, socio-emotional development, cognitive development, motor development. Concepts fo Freud's, Erickson and Piaget theory (in brief).
3. Preschool years - physical and motor development, preoperational stages of congnitive development, language development, speech
defects, emotional development, personality development, stages of Erickson's theory. Play and creativity.

X. Preschool education :
1. Objectives, Methods & philosophies of pre school education in India. Brief mention of Comenius Rousseau, Pestalozzi, Frobel, Montessori and Dewey.
2. Preschool education in India, Brief mention of missionaries, Arundales, Montessori, Tagore, Gandhi, Giju Bhai, Badheka and Tara Bai Modak.
3. Role of government agencies like CSWB, ICCW, NCERT, NIPPCCD, IAPE in movement of preschool education, Integrated child development services (ICDS). Role and activities of nursery school teacher.

XI. Development aspects- Middle and late childhood to Adolescence
1. Middle and late childhood (6-12) - physical and motor development, cognitive & language development, social development, personality development and emotional development.
2. Adolescence - physical growth spurt and maturity, Cognitive development. Stages of Piaget theory. Social and personality development - Erickson's theory, development of self concept, values & interest.
3. Personal adjustment. Juvenile delinquency.

XII. Marriage and family relations :
1. Goals & motives in life. Types, functions and importance of marriage.
2. Adjustment, success and conflicts in marriage, marriage and family counseling and family courts.
3. Family - meaning, importance, types, functions, impact of social changes on family. Family disorganization.
4. Family life cycle. Role of family members at every stage of life cycle. Concept of child rights, secure and insecure parent child relationship, Parental practices, parental discipline, parents and other socializing agents.
5. Disabilities in children-causes, types & identification (in brief). Destitute children. Behavioural problems of children.

Home Science-II

I. Textiles fiber, yarn and fabric construction.
1. Classification and general properties of fibers.
2. Natural fibers-origin, manufacture and properties of cotton, linen, wool, silk and jute.
3. Manmade and synthetic fibers-Rayon, nylon, polyester and acrylic, their origin, manufacture and importance to consumer.
4. Type of yarn, mechanical and chemical spinning process.
5. Fabric construction techniques-felting, braiding, bonding, knotting, knitting and weaving. Types of waves, loom and its parts.

II. Fabric finishes, dyeing an printing :
1. Objective of finishing.
2. Basic finishes-bleaching, stiffening, sizing, singeing, tentering, beetling, merecerizing and calendaring.
3. Texturing finishes-Embossing, moiering, schenerising, napping, flocking and acid finish.
4. Functional finishes - Antistatic, moth and mildew proof, antishrinkage, flame retardant, water repellant and water proof, crease resistant soil and stain resistant, permanent press.
5. Classification of dyes and their application.
6. Requisites of printing and preparation of fabric.
7. Printing styles-block printing , roller printing, screen printing, resist printing, photographic and transfer printing.

III. Household laundry & Family clothing :
1. Principles, methods, equipment, care and storage of laundered clothes.
2. Water types, effect of hard water in laundry.
3. Laundry reagents-Soaps and detergent, bleaches, blues, stiffening agents, solvents and absorbents, Stain and stain removal.
4. Psychological and sociological influence of clothes.
5. Elements of art and principles of design and their application in clothing.
6. Selection of fabric and readymade garments according to age, fashion, occupation, cost, occasion, climate etc.
7. Selection and purchase of household linen, floor covering, draperies, curtains and upholstery.
8. Clothing budget, consumer problems related to textiles, importance of informative labeling and standardization.
9. Principles of drafting commercial paper pattern, fitting problems.

IV. Historical textiles and embroideries :
1. Traditional textiles - Kashmir shawls and carpets, Baluchar, Jamdani, Brocade, Patola, Bandhani, Pochampalli, Ikat etc.
2. Embroideries of India - Kashida, Phulkari, Kantha, Chikanakari, Sindi, Kutch, Kasuti etc.

V. System approach in management :
1. Meaning and concept of home management.
2. Management principles, functions and objectives.
3. Process of management - planning, organizing, delegating, directing, coordinating, supervision and decision-making.
4. Types of decisions, importance of decision-making and factors affecting decision making.
5. Factors motivating management - values, goals, standards, needs and wants.

VI. Resources :
1. Characteristics and classification.
2. Factors affecting the use of resources.
3. Management of time-time cost, peak loads, work curves.
4. Management of energy-fatigue, human energy expenditure, body postures, types of efforts.
5. Work simplification-work studying techniques, work space, worker environment relationship.

VII. Housing & interior decoration :
1. Functions, importance and types of home.
2. Changing needs and housing problems.
3. Land acquisition, selection of site, legal implication.
4. House layout, floor plan, space distribution with reference to activities.
5. Building components and materials.
6. Housing finance-owning, renting, cost of building a house.
7. Furniture-types, selection, care and use.
8. Wall treatment, window treatment, floor covering, curtains and upholstery.
9. Accessories-pictures and wall hangings, flower arrangement.
10.Lighting-types and use for different activities.
11.Table setting-tables linen, tableware, table manners and etiquette's.

VIII. Family economics :
1. Wants and needs of consumer, type of markets.
2. Family budget and accounting.
3. Saving and investment.
4. Legal aspects of property ownership.
5. Definition and types of tax.
6. Consumer education, consumer protection, labeling and standardization. Factors affecting consumer demands.

IX. Household equipments :
1. Basic material, properties, suitability and maintenance.
2. Metals used for cooking and serving utensils.
3. Equipment's finishes.
4. Principles, use, care and maintenance involved in operating small kitchen tools, cookers, kettles, toasters, cooking range, oven, gas tandoor,, mixers, blenders, refrigerator, vacuum cleaner, washing machine, room, cooler, fans, room heater, hair dryer, radio and TV.

X. Extension education & Communication :
1. Meaning, principles, philosophy and objectives of extension education.
2. Process of extension education and qualities of an extension worker.
3. Extension teaching methods, advantages and limitations.
4. Concept, definition, role and classification of communication.
5. Definition and classification of audiovisual aids, their selection, use, advantages and limitations.
6. Use of folk media in communication.

XI. Motivations and learning in extension education :
1. Definition, principle and types of motivation.
2. Process of learning, formal and non formal education, stps in learning, psychology of adult learning.
3. Cone of experience, factors influencing learning.
4. Rural and urban community: Characteristics, types and problems.
5. Social stratification, caste and class-concept and functions.
6. Meaning and types of social changes and social mobility.

XII. Extension education programmes :
1. Principles, meaning, nature and importance of planning of programmes.
2. Steps in developing programmes.
3. Programmes implementation, involvement of community, publicity and problems.
4. Evaluation and follow-up of programmes.
5. Role fo home science in community development.
6. Formal and informal institutions (School, mahila mandal, youth club's family, caste, class).
7. Five year plans.
8. Panchayati Raj system.
9. Community development programmes.
10. Role of national and international organization and agencies in community development programmes - WHO, FAO, Unicef, CARE, CRY, ICCW, FPPAI, NIPCCD, Red Cross Society.

XIII. Entrepreneurship in home science :
1. Home maker as in entrepreneur.
2. Scope and importance of entrepreneurship in different fields of home science.

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