RAS Syllabus (Main): Political Science & International Relations (Code No. 25)
Political Science & International Relations Paper-I
Nature and Scope o Political Science : Traditional and Contemporary
Approaches,; Behaviouralism and Post-Behaviouralism; System Approach and
Marxian Approach to Political Analysis.
Emergence and Nature of the Modern State : Sovereignty, Monistic and
Pluralistic perspectives, Power, Authority and Legitimacy.
Political Thought : Manu, Kautilya, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Thomas
Aquinas, Marsiglio of Padua Machiavelli, Hobbes, Locke, Motesquieu,
Rousseau, Bentham, Mil, Green, Hegel, Marx, Lenin and Mao.
Concepts : Liberty, Equality, Justice, Law, Revolution, Social Change,
Secularism, Political Socialisation, Political Culture, Political
Development, Political Modernisation.
Democracy, Authoritarianism, Fascism and Marxism.
National Movement and Constitutional Evolution : Socio-Religious
Reform Movements - Major Contribution; The Indian National Congress,
Foundation, Objectives and Role from 1885 to 1915; Major Movements :
Non-cooperation; Khilafat; Civil Disobedience; Quit India: Act of 1919:
Dyarchy Act of 1935: Provincial Autonomy and Federal Scheme; Cripps Mission;
Cabinet Mission; Wavell Plan; Mountbatten Plan.
Constitution and Political System in India : Fundamental Rights,
Directive Principles of State Policy, Union Government - President, Cabinet,
Lock Sabha, Rajya Sabha, Supreme Court: Federalism and
Centre-State-Relations. Amendment process of Constitution: Governor:
Panchayati Raj: political Parties Pressure groups.
Representative Indian Political Thinkers: Rammohan Roy, Vivekanand,
Dadabhai Naoroji, B.G. Tila, Aurobindo, G.K.Gokhale, M.A.Jinnah,
V.D.Savarkar, B.R.Ambedkar, M.N.Roy, Jawaharlal Nehru, Jai Prakash Narayan,
M.K.Gandhi and Ram Monohar Lohia.
Planning and development process: Role of Bureaucracy in development
administration: Decentralized Planning and rural development.
Determinants of political process in India: Case, Class, Religion,
Region, Challenge of Sub-nationalistic forces to National Integration.
Political Science & International Relations Paper-II
Concepts and theories of International Politics : Power: National
Interest: Balance of Power. The Realist Theory; System theory, Decision Making:
Determinants of foreign policy: National Interest: Ideology; Elements of
The Cold War : Origin, evolution and its impact on international relations:
Neo-colonialism and racialism, their impact on international relations,
Asian-African resurgence, Non-Alignment: Meaning, Bases, the non aligned
Movement and its role in international relations.
The present International economic order; aid, trade and economic
development; the struggle for the New International Economic Order.
Origin and Development of International Organizations: The United Nations and
its Specialized Agencies, Regional Organisations.
Arms race, disarmament and arms control; Conventional and nuclear arms.
The impact of nuclear weapons on international relations, the partial Test-ban
Treaty; the Nuclear-Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT); Peaceful Nuclear Explosions
Conflict and cooperation in South Asia and West Asia.
The foreign policies of the major powers: United States, Russia and China.
The Third world in international relations; the North-South "Dialogue" in the
United National and Outside.
India's Foreign policy and relations with Super Powers and neighbours. India
and the questions of nuclear weapons.