Rajasthan Public Service Commission
RAS Syllabus (Main): Psychology (Code No. 26)
1. Place of psychology in the family of social and behavioural
sciences,. Nature, Scope and methods of psychology.
2. Nervous system; central and peripheral. Endocrine glands in context
of human behaviour. Localisation of brain functions.
3. Attention and perception: Meaning, kinds and determinants of
attention, Filteration,; Shifts; Division; Distraction, Fluctuation, Span of
attention, Pattern recognition, Form perception, Figure-ground, Organizational
principles of perception, Depth and Distance perception, Size perception,
perception of motion, Illusion: Kinds, Theories, Factors, influencing
4. Emotion: Characteristics of emotional behaviour, Expressions of
emotions. Role of nervous system and endocrine glands in emotions. Theories of
Emotion: James Lange and Cannon Bard.
5. Motivation: Needs, Drives Motives, and incentives. Characteristics
of motivated Behaviour. Measurement of Need Achievement. Theories of Motivation.
6. Learning : Types of learning. Meaning. Theories of leaning.
Classical and Operant conditioning. Insight. Trial and Error learning. Laws of
Learning. Skill learning. Factors influencing Learning. Learning curves.
Transfer of training. Kind. Theories and Factors influencing Transfer.
7. Remembering and Forgetting: Nature of Remembering Methods of
Reproduction: Recall, Recognition. Relearning, Reconstruction, Anticipation and
paired associate learning. Factors influencing Remembering: Type and Amounts of
material, methods of learning, Nature of forgetting: Forgetting curves. Causes
8. Thinking : Nature of Thinking. Symbolic processes. Concept
formation. Problem solving. Reasoning. Creative thinking, Language and Thought.
9. Intelligence and Aptitudes: Nature, and determinants of
intelligence and aptitudes. Theories of intelligence, Measurement of
intelligence and aptitudes. Constancy of IQ. Types of intelligence and Aptitude
10. Personality: Nature and Theories of Personality: Trait and Type
Theories; Freud's Psychoanalytical Theory, Determinants of Personality.
Measurement of Personality.
11. Attitudes: Nature, formation, measurement and change. Theories of
Attitude; Balance and Cognitive Dissonance Theory.
12. Abnormal Behaviour: Concept. Conflicts and frustration. Mental
Mechanisms. Causes of Abnormal Behaviour. Motivation and Adjustment. Methods of
Assessing Abnormal Behaviour.
Unit-I : Development Psychology: growth and Development, Principles
and Stages of Development, Social, Emotional and Moral Development. Development
Unit-II : Guidance and Counselling: Meaning, Scope, Need, Difference
between Guidance and Counselling. Areas: Vocational, Educational, personal,
Group Guidance. Techniques: Directive, Non-directive, Electric, Group
Unit-III : Criminal Behaviour: Types of Crime. Understanding of crime.
Causes of crime. Modern-Urban changes and crime. War and Crime. Measure s for
Reforming criminals. Crime Detection methods. Prevention of crime. Juvenile
Unit-IV : Psychology Applied to Industry: personnel selection and
classification. Workers and management. Job Analysis. Personnel Assessment
Techniques. Job Satisfaction. Industrial Morale. Psychology of work and
Unit-V : Psychology of Groups: Crowd Behaviour. Leadership: Types.
Qualities. Functions. Theories. Group Behaviour. Group dynamics. Sociometry.
Unit-VI : Construction and Standardization of Psychological Test:
Steps of Construction and Standardization of Tests. Types of Reliability;
Validity and Norms, Functions and Limitations of Psychological tests.
Unit-VII : Statistics in Psychology: Graphical representation of data,
Uses of Mean, Median, And Mode. Measures of Variability. Quartile Deviation.
Average deviation. Standard Deviation. Concept of correlation. Uses of
Correlation in psychology. Percentile and percentile ranks.
Unit-VIII : Phychophysical Methods-Psychophysics: Basic concept,
problems of psychophysics. Classical Psychophysical methods- Method of Limits,
Method Constant Stimuli and method of average error. Limitations of
Unit-IX : Consumer Psychology: Interview, Mailed Questionnaire,
Marketing, Motivation. Advertisement, Importance. Factors.
Unit-X : Psychology of Marital Adjustment: Success and Failure.
Divorce. Parental Fixation. Sibling Rivalary. Broken home and family
Unit-XI : Special need children: Concept. Types; Mentally Retarded.
Blind. Orthopaedically handicapped. Approaches in dealing with them. Hearing
handicapped their special problems: Physical, Social, Psychological,
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