Weekly Mains Exam 2016 Answer Writing Challenge- Public
The main idea behind Weekly Answer Writing Challenges is to
make your exam preparation more result oriented. For this exam (UPSC Civil
Services), just ‘reading’ is not enough. The most advantageous part of this
writing exercise is to make your answer visible to everyone, someone may correct
you if they find a mistake in your answer plus it must be also supported by our
experts , you may see others answers also. It is free and definitely will
improve your writing ability and marks in your final examination. Here all
topics from syllabus will be covered.
Public Administration- Paper I "Syllabus Topic - Administrative Behaviour :
Process and techniques of decision-making"
A fact is a statement of reality indicating the existing deed
, act or state of things. A value is an expression of preference.Most decision
premises have both factual and value elements.To bring out the distinction
between facts and values the means end distinction is used.Mixed issues of fact
and value impinge on administration complicating the decision process.
Simon asked for the necessity of being rational in making a
decision, he defines rationality as one concerned with the selection of
preferred behavior alternatives in terms of some system of values whereby the
consequences of behavior can be evaluated. According to Simon, rationality is
limited because of incompleteness of knowledge, lack of perfect anticipation and
other psychological reasons, thus decisions cannot be solely fact based. Under
these circumstances, the decision maker is not searching for the optimal
decision but a satisfactory one. The “satisficing administrative man is thus
different from the maximising economic man.
Simon’s model of decision making is not free from blemishes.
There are difficulties in measuring the costs and consequences of government
action in many instances. In the practical world administration, the elaborate
search process may not be feasible, as there is always demand for immediate
action than cool contemplation.
Indian Administration- Paper II "Syllabus Topic – Significant issues in
Indian Administration : Disaster management"
- Q2. The Indian efforts to manage and control disasters are not
matched with the frequency and magnitude of disasters. Comment. 20 Marks
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