Weekly Mains Exam 2016 Answer Writing Challenge - Public Administration "MODULE- 50"


Weekly Mains Exam 2016 Answer Writing Challenge- Public Administration


The main idea behind Weekly Answer Writing Challenges is to make your exam preparation more result oriented. For this exam (UPSC Civil Services), just ‘reading’ is not enough. The most advantageous part of this writing exercise is to make your answer visible to everyone, someone may correct you if they find a mistake in your answer plus it must be also supported by our experts , you may see others answers also. It is free and definitely will improve your writing ability and marks in your final examination. Here all topics from syllabus will be covered.

Public Administration- Paper I "Syllabus Topic – Administrative Thought Classical Theory"

  • Q1. What is 'Classical' in Classical theory of organization ? Elaborate.

Model Answer:

Classical organization theory represents the merger of scientific management, bureaucratic theory, and administrative theory.The word refers to heavy reliance on hierarchy as primary instrument for coordination and control . The classical theory of organization was propounded by set of thinkers who emphasized the structure and basic management of organization as the main aspect of administration.

Scientific management in the classical mould as developed by Taylor and his followers was narrowly conceived as it focussed on efficiency at the operative level.

Henri Fayol believed that there was a single ‘administrative science’ whose principles were applicable not only to business but also to government, religious and other organizations.

March and Simon have characterized this body of knowledge as ‘administrative management theory’ and its proponents as the ‘developmentalists’.

Classical management theory was rigid and mechanistic, its major deficiency was that it attempted to explain peoples' motivation to work strictly as a function of economic reward. To conclude, classical theory strive to orient administration as science by postulating the universal principles of management.

Indian Administration- Paper II "Syllabus Topic –Significant Issues in Indian Administration : Citizen-administration interface"

  • Q2. In what way social audit help in strengthening democracy and public service delivery. Illustrate your answer.


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