Weekly Mains Exam 2016 Answer Writing Challenge- Public
The main idea behind Weekly Answer Writing Challenges is to
make your exam preparation more result oriented. For this exam (UPSC Civil
Services), just ‘reading’ is not enough. The most advantageous part of this
writing exercise is to make your answer visible to everyone, someone may correct
you if they find a mistake in your answer plus it must be also supported by our
experts , you may see others answers also. It is free and definitely will
improve your writing ability and marks in your final examination. Here all
topics from syllabus will be covered.
Public Administration- Paper I "Syllabus Topic – Accountability and control:
Legislative, Executive and Judicial control over administration"
L D White has stated that Power in a democratic society
requires control and higher degree of power needs equal amount of control,
however, the control mechanisms designed must not cripple the authority. This
requires necessary checks and balances between the different actors to ensure
In the case of Indian Public Administration, there must be
accountability to the different actors and stakeholders- Parliament/Legislature,
Judiciary, Executive , Customers and the Media. Each of these actors employs
necessary statutory and regulatory tools to exercise control over the
Administrative machinery and hold them accountable.
1) Legislative: It exercises control through different
measures like question hour, zero hour, adjournment motion, parliamentary
committees, budget, public accounts committees and no-confidence motion. In
addition the legislature has created statutory bodies to exercise independent
control over the Administration e.g Comptroller and Auditor General, Central
Vigilance Commission with the Central Bureau of Investigation
2) Executive: It exercises control through appointments, budget, rules and
codes of conduct
3) Judiciary: It exercises control over the administration by
upholding the Rule of Law (A.V Dicey). Judicial Review and Judicial activism in
the wake of the national emergency have been measures taken by the Judiciary to
hold the administration accountable to the Rule of Law.
The Constitution endows the Supreme Court under Artice 32 and High Court
under Article 226 to issue writs of habeas corpus, mandamus, certiorari, quo
warranto and prohibition.
4) Media : It has always played a critical role in mobilising public opinion
and serves as a critical informer of the inadequacies of the administration.
5) Citizen : With the right to Information Act, the ordinary citizen is
empowered to know the functioning of the administration and can hold it
accountable through suitable grievance redressal mechanisms.
The lokpal must also be institutionalized in the same spirit of exercising
control and ensuring accountability of the administrationi
Indian Administration- Paper II "Syllabus Topic – Financial
Management: Role of finance ministry in monetary and fiscal area"
- Q2. Highlight the change in Government of India
Fiscal Policy post 1991 era.
If you are facing problem in Public Administration call at +91
Write Your Answer in Comment Box.