Weekly Mains Exam 2016 Answer Writing Challenge - Public Administration "MODULE- 54"


Weekly Mains Exam 2016 Answer Writing Challenge- Public Administration


The main idea behind Weekly Answer Writing Challenges is to make your exam preparation more result oriented. For this exam (UPSC Civil Services), just ‘reading’ is not enough. The most advantageous part of this writing exercise is to make your answer visible to everyone, someone may correct you if they find a mistake in your answer plus it must be also supported by our experts , you may see others answers also. It is free and definitely will improve your writing ability and marks in your final examination. Here all topics from syllabus will be covered.

Public Administration- Paper I "Syllabus Topic – Accountability and control: Legislative, Executive and Judicial control over administration"

  • Q1. There should be minimum control to ensure the accountability. Comment.

Model Answer:

L D White has stated that Power in a democratic society requires control and higher degree of power needs equal amount of control, however, the control mechanisms designed must not cripple the authority. This requires necessary checks and balances between the different actors to ensure mutual accountability.

In the case of Indian Public Administration, there must be accountability to the different actors and stakeholders- Parliament/Legislature, Judiciary, Executive , Customers and the Media. Each of these actors employs necessary statutory and regulatory tools to exercise control over the Administrative machinery and hold them accountable.

1) Legislative: It exercises control through different measures like question hour, zero hour, adjournment motion, parliamentary committees, budget, public accounts committees and no-confidence motion. In addition the legislature has created statutory bodies to exercise independent control over the Administration e.g Comptroller and Auditor General, Central Vigilance Commission with the Central Bureau of Investigation

2) Executive: It exercises control through appointments, budget, rules and codes of conduct

3) Judiciary: It exercises control over the administration by upholding the Rule of Law (A.V Dicey). Judicial Review and Judicial activism in the wake of the national emergency have been measures taken by the Judiciary to hold the administration accountable to the Rule of Law.

The Constitution endows the Supreme Court under Artice 32 and High Court under Article 226 to issue writs of habeas corpus, mandamus, certiorari, quo warranto and prohibition.

4) Media : It has always played a critical role in mobilising public opinion and serves as a critical informer of the inadequacies of the administration.

5) Citizen : With the right to Information Act, the ordinary citizen is empowered to know the functioning of the administration and can hold it accountable through suitable grievance redressal mechanisms.

The lokpal must also be institutionalized in the same spirit of exercising control and ensuring accountability of the administrationi
 

Indian Administration- Paper II "Syllabus Topic – Financial Management: Role of finance ministry in monetary and fiscal area"

  • Q2. Highlight the change in Government of India Fiscal Policy post 1991 era.


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