Weekly Mains Exam 2016 Answer Writing Challenge - Public Administration "MODULE- 56"

Weekly Mains Exam 2016 Answer Writing Challenge- Public Administration

The main idea behind Weekly Answer Writing Challenges is to make your exam preparation more result oriented. For this exam (UPSC Civil Services), just ‘reading’ is not enough. The most advantageous part of this writing exercise is to make your answer visible to everyone, someone may correct you if they find a mistake in your answer plus it must be also supported by our experts , you may see others answers also. It is free and definitely will improve your writing ability and marks in your final examination. Here all topics from syllabus will be covered.

Public Administration- Paper I "Syllabus Topic – Public Policy: State Theories & Public Policy"

  • Q1. Discuss the various state theories with its public policy.

Model Answer:

A state can adopt many different approaches to public policy. These are elaborated below:

1) Pluralistic Public Policy aims to cater to the interests of plural sections of the society without seeking favor for any particular group
2) Neo- Pluralistic highlights a nexus between influential groups and the policy making process and shows that policy aims to further the interest of these groups
3) Capitalist State has public policy frameworks that enable the bourgeoisie to further their interests
4) Marxists State designs policy with an egalitarian approach trying to achieve the greater good for all sections
5) Leviathan State applies the Keynes philosophy of increased government spending with a welfare approach e.g India
6) Liberal Feminist tries to use policy to create an enabling environment for women through tools such as gender budgeting
7) Radical Feminist adopt policies that even though aim at addressing the disadvantageous conditions of women, eventually end up perpetuating the male hegemony
8) Minimalistic State is where policy plays the role of creating the right environment in law and order, economic and social and does not directly intervene in the development process
9) Development State is one which is pro market and creates an enabling environment for economic activities
10) Social Democratic state aims at social restructuring through the tool of public policy
11) Collectivist state adopts centralized and directive planning and adopts a state control policy for the economic sector
12) Totalitarian State aims at maintaining full control over all activities of the state
13) Elite State is where the elite in the society dictate the policy
14) Competition State is where the state focuses on Human Resource Development, Technical and other education to build capacity and increase the competitive environment
15) Laissez Faire economy is one that maintains no control over the economy and provides minimum services of law and order and security etc
16) Hollow State is where the State systematically loses its powers to other institutions and is incapable of bringing about any substantial social or economic change

Indian Administration- Paper II "Syllabus Topic – Union Government and Administration: Ministries and Departments"

  • Q2. Discuss the organization and changing role of the Home Ministry of Government of India.

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