Weekly Mains Exam 2016 Answer Writing Challenge- Public
The main idea behind Weekly Answer Writing Challenges is to
make your exam preparation more result oriented. For this exam (UPSC Civil
Services), just ‘reading’ is not enough. The most advantageous part of this
writing exercise is to make your answer visible to everyone, someone may correct
you if they find a mistake in your answer plus it must be also supported by our
experts , you may see others answers also. It is free and definitely will
improve your writing ability and marks in your final examination. Here all
topics from syllabus will be covered.
Public Administration- Paper I "Syllabus Topic – Administrative Thought:
Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and others)"
Indian Administration- Paper II "Syllabus Topic –Philosophical and
Constitutional framework of government : Salient features and value premises"
- Q2. Over-dependence on bureaucracy for bringing
about socio-economic development in India has proved to be dysfunctional.
The Socio economic development of India has taken a path
where the goals and objectives are arrived at by the incumbent political
executives, however the mandate of implementation lies with the bureaucracy that
is directly engaged in the process of administration till the grassroots level.
The bureaucracy however is not a direct representative of the people and may
sometimes not represent the will of the people but rather of their political
masters. In the Indian context it is often found that since the promotions,
transfers suspension etc of the bureaucrats are determined by the political
executive the measures taken by these officers do not uphold the principles of
creating an enabling socio-economic environment but rather one that ensures
However, not all bureaucrats have proved to be dysfunctional.
Since administration has direct contact with the people, they are able to
identify positive social innovation that comes from the voluntary sector and
have the administrative acumen to scale up such activities to meet the goals of
socio economic development.
Some promising examples are of Anil Shah from the Gujarat
cadre who was first executive director of Aga Khan Rural Support Programme which
did some ground breaking work in Joint Forest Management and watershed
development. Another example is where a bureaucrat, Meethalal Mehta designed the
Antyodaya programme for livelihood generation. This design was later replicated
by the Indira Gandhi government and initiated as a pan India Integrated Rural
Development Programme which later was known as Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar
Yojana and currently as Ajeevika. Poverty alleviation programme called
Kudumbashree in Kerela was also initiated by a bureaucrat that created a
federation of voluntary organizations and gave them access to credit services
and bank linkages. Velugu, another organization started by a bureaucrat A. Raju
along with support from Shoaib Sultan Khan from AKRSP (Pakistan) reached out to
12 million households through women self help groups.
Therefore, we can see there is huge potential for bureaucrats
to contribute to the process of socio economic development but there is always
the fear that these good practices can be usurped by the incumbent political
executives in increasing their popularity with the masses or with changing
political executives a systematic decline in such initiatives.
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