Weekly Mains Exam 2016 Answer Writing Challenge- Public
The main idea behind Weekly Answer Writing Challenges is to
make your exam preparation more result oriented. For this exam (UPSC Civil
Services), just ‘reading’ is not enough. The most advantageous part of this
writing exercise is to make your answer visible to everyone, someone may correct
you if they find a mistake in your answer plus it must be also supported by our
experts , you may see others answers also. It is free and definitely will
improve your writing ability and marks in your final examination. Here all
topics from syllabus will be covered.
Public Administration- Paper I "Syllabus Topic – Administrative Behaviour:
Process and techniques of decision-making"
Indian Administration- Paper II "Syllabus Topic –State Government &
Administration: Union-State Administrative, Legislative and Financial Relations"
- Q2. "One' of the greatest weakness inherent in
a Federal polity is the possibility of conflict of loyalty and
responsibility on the part of public servants as between Central and State
Governments." - Elaborate and comment."
Model Answer :
Public Servants are appointed through a Central Recruitment
process and are accountable to the Department of Personnel and Training under
Ministry of Personnel, Public grievances and pensions. Even though the State
Government is responsible for transfers and disciplinary actions, yet it is
observed that in the case of an ensuing conflict over the job description or
duties of a public servant, the mandate of the Central Ministry that has
appointed the public servant and is the only authority that can dismiss him/her
in case of breach of code of conduct, will prevail.
The conditions of the service are regulated by rules and
regulations under the Govt of India and hence their loyalty vests with them.
Also the civil servants are considered officers in passing, since they are
allotted cadres depending upon the demands of the development and hence do not
have ownership for the cause as much a local person would have. This limits
their degree of responsibility and loyalty to the State level administration
despite being representatives of the central Govt to aid the State
administration in delivery of development.
Another instance can be where a public servant is more
interested in professional gains while at service and since the mandate of
transfers, postings and disciplinary action vests with the State Government, the
public servant will try to appease his political master to ensure his/her
continuity to good posts while in the service. Both are challenges in the
process of administration and hence Civil Services Reforms backed by a concrete
law must be introduced that brings neutrality to the transfer, posting and other
such benefits that accrue to the public servants and make them more committed to
the process of development.
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