Mains Examination Syllabus - Anthropology
Group A : Introduction to Physical Anthropology
Definition and Scope of Physical Anthropology.
A general study of the animal skeleton.
Man’s place in the animal kingdom, Classification of the
mammals and their characteristic features, Classification of primates and their
characteristic features. Living primates— their distribution and significant
characteristics, Living anthropoids—their distribution and significant
characteristics. Position of man in the order Primate.
Distinguishing characteristics of man.
Group B : Human Evolution :
General principal of organic evolution. Lamarckism and
General idea of human evolution. Fossil evidences of human
A general study of the following fossil types :
Dryopithecus, Ramapithecus, Australopithecinae,
Pithecanthroupus, Sinanthroupus, Neanderthals, CroMagnon, Grimaldi and
Group C : Elements of Genetics and Race :
Elementary knowledge of Genetics and Heredity. Biological
basis of inheritance cell, Chromosome, gene, cell divns.
Mendel’s law of Inheritance
Definition and genetic concept of race, Principal criteria
for racial classification: stature, skin, colour, head hair, head form, nose
form, face form, eye, ABO blood groups. Role of heredity and environment in the
formation of races.
Major groups of human races — their characteristics and
Racial, Elements in India, Racial elements in North East
Group D : Prehistory
Definition, aims and scope of prehistory.
Geological time scale. Climatic fluctuation during the
Pleistocene period—glacial and interglacial, pluvial and interpluvial periods.
Relative and absolute methods of dating.
Prehistoric tool types and technology, tool families.
Palaeolithic cultures, main division of European and Indian
Paleolithic cultures and their distinctive features, including chronological
A brief outline of the postpleistocene Mesolithic culture
development in Europe.
Characteristics of Neolithic culture and economy; Neolothic
tool types and industries, Neolithic economic patterns— domestication of plants
A brief introduction of Metal Age.
Social and Cultural Anthropology
Group A : Social Anthropology :
Scope of Social Anthropology and its relationship with other
branches of anthropology and other disciplines (e.g. sociology, political,
science, history, linguistics). Uses and applications of social anthropology— a
Concept of a society, basic features of human society,
characteristic features of folk / primitive society.
Social institutions :
(a) Marriage — Definition, forms (monogamy) and polygamy)
Regulation (exogamy and endogamy), rules of residence after
marriage, preferential marriage (cousin marriage, sorrorate, levirate filial
inheritance), ways of acquiring mates, marriage payments (bride price and down).
(b)Family — Definition, types functions.
(c)Kinship — Terminology, usages and behaviourpatterns.
(d)Unilateral descent groups (lineage and clan) Definitions,
Group B : Cultural Anthropology
Concept of culture in anthropology—meaning and definitions,
material and nonmaterial culture, culture and society (the relationship between
the two concepts), culture is learned (enculturation / socialization).
Material culture and subsistence economic pursuits of
primitive peoples—gathering, hunting, fishing, pastoralism, agriculture
(including shifting cultivation).
Culture change—culture contact and acculturations, evolution and diffusion (a
brief and general idea).
Group C : Religion in Primitive/Nonliterate Societies.
Definition and concept of religion in primitive society.
Magic—different types of magic, Relation between magic and religion, Divination,
spell and prayer.
A general outline of Animatism, Animism, Fetishism, Taboo, Man Toterism.
Group D : Indian Society and Regional Ethnography of North
East India :
The concepts of tribe and caste. A brief outline of tribal
populations of India.
Caste system in India—salient features, changing aspects of
caste in India.
Introduction to North East India–the area and its distinctive
tribal populations (their general) pattern of distribution and important
A Study of material culture and socialeconomic life of any
one of the following Scheduled Tribes of Assam.
(i) The Mishing (Miri)
(ii) The Tiwa (Lalung)
(iii)The Bodo Kachari
(iv)The Karbi (Mikir)