Mini Courses of GS IV: What is Ethics? Explain The Importance of Ethics


Mini Courses of Ethics, Integrity, Attitude, Aptitude and case studies for IAS Mains Examination


ETHICS AND HUMAN INTERFACE

WHAT IS ETHICS? EXPLAIN THE IMPORTANCE OF ETHICS

Ethics is a set of standards that society places on itself and which help guide behaviour, choices and actions. The crux of ethical behaviour does not lie in bold words and expressions enshrined as standards, but in their adoption in action, in sanctions against their violations, in putting in place competent disciplinary bodies to investigate allegations of violations and impose sanctions quickly and in promoting a culture of integrity. Most of us would agree that it is ethics in practice that makes sense; just having it carefully drafted and redrafted in books may not serve the purpose. Of course all of us want businesses to be fair, clean and beneficial to the society. For that to happen, organizations need to abide by ethics or rule of law, engage themselves in fair practices and competition; all of which will benefit the consumer, the society and organization. Primarily it is the individual, the consumer, the employee or the human social unit of the society who benefits from ethics.

In addition ethics is important because of the following ;

  1. Satisfying Basic Human Needs i Being fair, honest and ethical is one the basic human needs. Every employee desires to be such himself and to work for an organization that is fair and ethical in its practices.

  2. Creating Credibility ; An organization that is believed to be driven by moral values is respected in the society even by those who may have no information about the working and the businesses or an organization. Infosys, for example is perceived as an organization for good corporate governance and social responsibility initiatives. This perception is held far and wide even by those who do not even know what business the organization is into.

  3. Uniting People and Leadership : An organization driven by values is revered by its employees also. They are the common thread that brings the employees and the decision makers on a common platform.
    This goes a long way in aligning behaviors within the organization towards achievement of one common goal or mission.

  4. Improving Decision Making : A man’s destiny is the sum total of all the decisions that he/she takes in course of his life. The same holds true for organizations. Decisions are driven by values. For example an organization that does not value competition will be fierce in its operations aiming to wipe out its competitors and establish a monopoly in the market.

  5. Long Term Gains : Organizations guided by ethics and values are profitable in the long run, though in the short run they may seem to lose money. Tata group, one of the largest business conglomerates in India was seen on the verge of decline at the beginning of 1990’s, which soon turned out to be otherwise. The same company’s Tata NANO car was predicted as a failure, and failed to do well but the same is picking up fast now.

  6. Securing the Society : Often ethics succeeds law in safeguarding the society. The law machinery is often found acting as a mute spectator, unable to save the society and the environment. Technology, for example is growing at such a fast pace that the by the time law comes up with a regulation we have a newer technology with new threats replacing the older one. Lawyers and public interest litigations may not help a great deal but ethics can. Ethics tries to create a sense of right and wrong in the organizations and often when the law fails, it is the ethics that may stop organizations from harming the society or environment.

Ethics is a requirement for human life. It is our means of deciding a course of action. Without it, our actions would be random and aimless There would be no way to work- towards a goal because there would be no way to pick between a limitless number of goals. Even with an ethical standard, we may be unable to pursue our goals with the possibility of success. To the degree which a rational ethical standard is taken, we are able to correctly organize our goals and actions to accomplish our most important values. Any flaw in our ethics will reduce our ability to be successful in our endeavors.

This is Part of Online Coaching & Study Kit of IAS Mains General Studies - IV

For Any Query call Course Co- ordinator - +91 8800734161, 09958790414 (10 AM to 7 PM)

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