Public Administration Mains 2017 : Model Question and Answer - 13

Public Administration Mains 2017 : Model Question and Answer

(Public Administration Paper I / Chapter: Administrative Thought)

Question : According to Weber, in a social system the manner in which power is legitimized determines the nature of administrative system. Elucidate (10 Marks/200 words)

Model Answer :

A social system legitimizes power in different ways depending upon their process of socialization. Weber emphasizes the theory of domination or the ability to exercise power and authority, through a social process of justification or legitimization. Each different legitimized power will result in different forms of Administrative systems. They are traditional , charismatic, and legal authority.

Traditional authority derives its legitimacy from the acceptance of its hoary past and customs. The traditional authoritarian ‘Masters’ also gave orders based on their personal discretion to ‘Followers’. According to Weber, under this type of authority ,the administration becomes irrational as development of rational regulations is impeded. However all actions are legitimised in the name of customs and traditions.

Charismatic authority is a result of special qualities of an individual personality to be able to induce a belief in his disciples . The stipulated rules take a back seat and the activities of disciples depends upon likes and dislikes of their leader.

Manifestation of legal authority is found in organisations where rules are applied judicially. Law is principle of organisation as well as authority. It is completely rational and maintains hierarchy and and legal authority which is suitable for modern government.

Weber believed that all the three types of authority claim legitimacy as long as the rule accepted them. (Total Words-215)

(Linkages : Max Weber and Administrative System, Social System and Administrative System, Legitimized Power and Administrative System, Max Weber and Types of Authority)

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