(Sample Material) IAS Mains PUB-AD Online Coaching: Definitions of Administrative Terms


Gestation Period : Period of time taken from the conception or initiation of the project till its final completion production stage. While small cottage industries may need a few months gestation period, an industrial steel or energy plant may require quite a few years gestation period.

Industrial License : An industrial license is a written permission from the government to an industrial unit to manufacture goods specified in the permission letter.

Market Mechanism : The mechanism by which prices adjust themselves to the pressure of demand and supply and in their turn operate to keep demand and supply in balance. This is another name for price mechanism.

Subsidies : A payment by the state to help Industry or Agriculture to protect the producers'/growers' interest and thus keep prices down.

Tertiary Sector: In these occupations, only services are produced as distinct from the primary and secondary sectors in which goods are produced and therefore, tertiary occupations are commonly known as services sector.

Regional Planning : It involves coordination of various sectors of the economy in a specific region, these sectors have to be correlated with certain natural and economic homogeneities.

Sovereign Socialist Secular Democratic Republic : The preamble (serving the introduction) to our Constitution declares the ultimate sovereignty in the hands of the people of India and that the Constitution rests on their authority. The Constitution envisages that the state representatives have to be elected by the people. All the religions in the country will have the equal status, prestige and respect from the state. The Constitution also envisages a democratic form of government infused with the spirit of justice, liberty and equality. The words 'secular' and 'socialist' were inserted in the preamble of the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment Act, 1976.

Course Director-Public Administration