Sample Material of Our IAS Mains Public Administration
Online Coaching Programme
As a regular feature again we are introducing you with some
administrative/organizational words. Know the words and it will help you in
answer writing in Public Administration and in other words getting good marks.
Definitions of some Public Administrative/Organizational words:-
Human Resource : Modern approach to personnel management involves
treating people as ‘resource’, which needs to be deployed effectively, in order
to gain maximum utility for the enterprise.
Human Resource Planning : Human Resource Planning is
both an internal and an external process, since personnel inventory is prepared
of available personnel from both internal and external sources and proper
placement policy devised accordingly. It is also known as manpower planning.
Planning : Planning is an interactive process
involving sieving and sifting myriad interests, wherefrom, an alternative is
selected, foregoing other possibilities. The major issue in planning is
achieving strategic ‘fit’ between policies and resources.
G Grievance: Grievance is manifest discontent. Grievance articulation
requires institutional mechanism to nip discontent in the bud. Grievance
articulation and redress form part of corporate social responsibility.
Industrial Unrest: Strikes, lock outs and indiscipline on the part of
workers are manifestations of industrial unrest.
N Negotiation: The Human Relation School of Thought
epitomised the idea of constructive management- worker interface. By Follett’s
understanding, conflict should be resolved with a positive perception, without
insisting on either “domination” or “compromise” on the part of any party. The
idea of Negotiation is to avoid referral the dispute to courts, or adjudication,
which might involve protracted proceedings.
Retrenchment: Lay off of workers, following mergers and an acquisition
of undertakings is termed retrenchment.
Organisational Development (OD): A planned change
process which is a continuous learning exercise. Change is structural,
functional and behavioural, pertaining to organisational culture. OD consultants
are employed by organisations to lend expertise to the process.
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