Sample Material of Our IAS Mains Public Administration
Online Coaching Programme
As a regular feature again we are introducing you with some
administrative/organizational words. Know the words and it will help you in
answer writing in Public Administration and in other words getting good marks.
Definitions of some Public Administrative/Organizational words:-
Intergovernmental Relations : The complex network of
interrelationships among governments; the political, fiscal, programmatic, and
administrative processes by which higher units of government hare revenues and
other resources with lower units of government, generally accompanied by special
conditions that the lower units must satisfy as prerequisites to receiving the
Fiscal Federalism : The financial relations between
and among units of government in a federal system. The theory of fiscal
federalism, or multi-unit government finance, is one part of the branch of
applied economics known as public finance.
Council of Government : An organisation of cooperating local
governments seeking a regional approach to planning, development,
transportation, environment, and other issues.
Local Self-government : Self-government implies ‘rule
unto themselves by people themselves or through their own representatives.’ In
the European Charter of Local self-government, “this entails the existence of
local authorities endowed with democratically constituted decision-making bodies
and possessing a wide degree of autonomy with regard to their responsibilities,
the ways and means by which those responsibilities are exercised and the
resources required for their fulfilment” (Strasbourg, 1985).
Nation State : Nation state is a political science
terminology, which explains a state of political unity attained by a country and
characterized by modern institutions of governance, namely a representative
parliament, impartial judiciary, rule of law and universal adult franchise.
Panchayati Raj : The word ‘Panchayat’ refers to a collective body of
people set up for the deliberation of public issues. Panchayati Raj, means
governance by a collective body of people.
The word ‘panch’ in panchayat specifies the number of members
in a collectivity set up for governance, that is, ‘paanch’, or five. Panchayat
is a native term for village peers or wise men, who deliberate on human,
particularly social affairs.
“Traditional” and “charismatic” authority, hitherto enjoyed
by the ‘panchas’ has been converted to “legal rational authority” by grant of
constitutional status to the panchayat as an institution of local self
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