(Online Course) Pub Ad for IAS Mains: Chapter: 1 Introduction - Good Governance (Paper -1)

(Online Course) Public Administration for IAS Mains Exams

Topic: Good Governance: Concept and Application

For Full Material Join Public Administration Online Coaching

Buy Printed Study Kit for Public Administration for IAS Mains Exams

The term “governance’ has wider meaning and implications. It means the process as well as result of making authoritative decisions for the benefit of the society. But its conceptual difficulties begin when it is fount that the term is being touted in recent years by multilateral and bilateral and given agencies as a part of pre-conditions for economic aid or as a process of reforms qualifying for economic aid.

The concept of ‘good governance’ device its relevance in the context of misgovernments. I many countries the democratic form of government has proved to be ineffective for checking swinging of public funds for private gains by the elected leaders as well as the bureaucrats. Misuse of power, fraud, chicanery and embezzlement of funds, are systematically perpetrated by the leaders of government and their minions. Misgovernance is found all around especially in the developing countries, in rampant degree. The concept of good governance becomes attractive as a remedy against this state of affairs.

World Bank Conceptualization

The World Bank has identified a number of aspects of good governance which has assumed significance for the developed Countries. These factors deal with political and administrative aspects, which are as follows:

1. Political accountability, including the acceptability of political system by the people and regular elections.
2. Freedom of association and participation by various groups in the process of Governance.
3. Bureaucratic accountability
4. Freedom of information and expression

Challenges of Good Governance in India

1. Legal and judicial reforms
2. Anti-corruption laws
3. Participation of the Civil Society in Public Decision making
4. Corporate regulatory frameworks
5. Public financial Management.

Meaning of People’s Participation

The term ‘participation’ varies in meaning, and content from context to context. According to a UNESCO document “participation is collective sustained activity for the purpose of achieving some common objective , especially a more equitable distribution of the benefits of development. Broadly speaking, the term ‘people’s participation refers to the role of members of general public in influencing the activities of government. It may occur from the village to the country level. It may manifest itself in different front. The participation may be direct, as in the community projects or it may be indirect, through elected representatives. Hence, participation in administration refers to all those activities which indicate the people’s involvement in the process of administration that is, participation in polity formulation and programme planning, implementation and evaluation of polices and programmes meant for development of particular target groups.

Problems of Peoples’ Participation in India

In India people are indifferent and apathetic towards administration. Extensive empirical studies on the nature and degree of citizens participation in India have revealed that colonial legacy, social diversity, poverty and illiteracy and the peculiarity of the political process greatly restrict people’s participation in the public Administration in India. The system of democratic decentralization introduced in India did not really develop power on the masses.

The dominance of poverty power on the masses. The dominance of powerful socio-economic and political groups has alienated the common man from the national main stream. Poverty Unemployment and inequality are still wide spread. Most of the citizens feel helpless before the mighty power of the administration and have, learnt to reconcile to the corrupt political system.

Measure to Promote People’s Participation in Administration

To promote people’s participation in Administration various measures need to be initiated. These my include constant contact of legislators with their constituents, change in the attitude of bureaucrats, competent administrative leadership, constructive role of Political parties and restricting of administration so as to make it more democratic and responsive.

Good Governance Initiative in India

1. Right to Information Act, 2005
2. Citizen Charter
3. National e-Governance Plan
4. Unique Identification Number
5. Reforms under Second ARC
6. PM's award for Excellence in Public Administration.

For Full Material Join Public Administration Online Coaching

Buy Printed Study Kit for Public Administration for IAS Mains Exams

<< Go Back to Main Page