Current Affairs for IAS Exams - 02 July 2019
Centre constitutes CM panel for agri reforms
Centre has constituted a high powered committee of Chief
Ministers of several states for the transformation of Indian Agriculture.
Maharashtra Chief Minister DevendraFadnavis will be the convenor
of the committee, while the chief ministers of Karnataka, Haryana, Arunachal
Pradesh, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh have been included as
Union Agriculture, Rural Development and Panchayati Raj Minister
will also be a member of the committee. Besides, NITI Aayog member Ramesh Chand
has been named the Member Secretary.
The Committee will discuss measures for the transformation of
agriculture and raising farmers' income. It will suggest the modalities for
adoption and time-bound implementation of agriculture sector reforms.
The Committee has been asked to submit its report in two months.
It has been tasked to suggest changes in the Essential Commodity Act to attract
private investments in agricultural marketing and infrastructure.
Home ministry considers providing citizenship to Hindu refugees
Home Minister Amit Shah said on Monday that the government
would bring a Bill in Parliament to provide citizenship to “Hindus refugees”
left out of the National Register of Citizens (NRC).
Mr. Shah made the remark in hteRajyaSabha after Trinamool member
Derek O’Brien raised the issue of the probability of 23 lakh Bengali Hindus
losing citizenship when the final NRC is published by July 31 in Assam.
Nearly 41 lakh people have been excluded from the final draft
NRC, of which 36 lakh have filed claims against the exclusion.
In its 2019 election manifesto, the BJP said it would compile
NRCs across the country. President Ram NathKovind’s speech this month also
mentioned that NRC would be implemented on “priority basis in areas affected by
At present, on Supreme Court directions, the Registrar-General
of India (RGI) published the final draft of the NRC on July 30 last year to
exclude those who had illegally entered the State from Bangladesh after March
The RGI on Monday a month’s extension to complete the
enumeration process for updating the NRC in Assam.
Meanwhile The Centre has alsodeclared the entire State of
Nagaland a “disturbed area” for six more months under the controversial AFSPA,
which empowers security forces to conduct operations anywhere and arrest anyone
Growth in core industries sector slows down in May
Growth in the core sectors of the economy slowed to 5.1% in
May 2019 led by slowing growth in the coal and refinery products sector,
according to official data released on Monday.
The Index of Eight Core Industries saw growth slowing in May
from the nine-month high of 6.3% registered in April. Nevertheless, the growth
in May is the highest since July 2018, not counting April.
The slowdown in May was led by the refinery sector, which saw a
contraction of 1.5% compared with a growth of 4.3% in the previous month. The
coal sector also saw growth slowing to 1.8% from 3.2% over the same period.
The crude oil sector witnessed a continued contraction for the
eighteenth consecutive month in May, with growth contracting 6.96% in that month
compared with a contraction of 6.75% in April.
The natural gas sector remained flat in May, registering zero
growth, compared with a contraction of 0.75% in April. The strongest performer
of the eight sectors under consideration was the steel sector.
The sector grew 19.8% in May, up from a growth of 18.97% in the
previous month. The fertilizer sector contracted again in May, by 1.03%,
compared with a contraction of 4.4% in April.
Centre reiterates commitment towards job creation
The unemployment rate in the past five years; cut in
interest rates on small savings; illegal means adopted by banks to recover
loans; attacks on doctors these were among the prominent issues raised in
the LokSabha on Monday.
During Question Hour, Union Minister for Labour and Employment
Santosh Kumar Gangwar said that reports on the high unemployment rate were
misleading, and said job creation was a priority for the government. He said the
overwhelming mandate to the government indicated that people did not believe
such “misleading reports”.
Employment generation coupled with improving the employability
of the youth is the priority concern of the Government.
Various steps for generating employment like encouraging private
sector of the economy, fast-tracking various projects involving substantial
investment and increasing public expenditure on schemes like Mahatma Gandhi
National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme has been undertaken,he said.
Apart from employment data, the issue of slashing interest rates
on fixed deposits and other small savings instruments was raised by the Congress
leader in the LokSabhaAdhirRanjanChowdhury, who said nearly two percentage
points have been slashed over the past two years.
IAEA confirms Iran exceeded Uranium stock pile set by nuke deal
Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad JavadZarif has said that
the country has exceeded the 300-kilogramme limit on its enriched uranium
reserves set by the 2015 nuclear deal. This was confirmed by the
International Atomic Energy Agency inspectors.
The Iranian Foreign Ministry Spokesman said that Iran still
planned to suspend other commitments under the deal in 10 days unless European
powers took practical and tangible steps to implement their new mechanism for
The mechanism, known as Instex, essentially allows goods to be
bartered between Iranian and foreign companies without direct financial
transactions. It became operational on Saturday, but Mr Zarif said it did not
meet Iran's needs.
Under the nuclear deal, Iran had agreed to limit its sensitive
nuclear activities and allow in international inspectors in return for the
lifting of sanctions.
Iran can stockpile no more than 300kg of low-enriched uranium.
It is only permitted (until 2031) to produce low-enriched uranium, which has a
3-4 per cent concentration of U-235, and can fuel a power plant.
China wants India to include Huawei in its 5g trials
Calling for India to include Huawei in its 5G trials despite
the U.S. government’s opposition to the Chinese telecommunications major, a
senior Chinese official said New Delhi must not be “exclusive” in its
“Huawei enjoys cutting edge technologies and I think it will
best facilitate India’s realisation of its dream of building a digital economy,”
said Yang Yanyi, former diplomat and a current Committee Member of the Foreign
Affairs Committee of the 13th CPCC (Chinese People's Political Consultative
Conference) National Committee.
“We need to guard against the attempt of forces in the west to
keep control of science [and] technology, and they cannot stomach the fact that
developing countries can also excel in technology,” Ms. Yang said.
Pointing out that Huawei already employs more than 8,000 Indians
at its plant and R&D facilities in India, Zhu Feng, an academic accompanying Ms.
Yang, said Indians “must not over react” to reports on security threats to
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
Japan resumes commercial whaling amid protests
Japan began its first commercial whale hunts in more than
three decades on Monday, brushing aside outrage over its resumption of a
practice that conservationists call cruel and outdated.
Five vessels from whaling communities left port in northern
Japan’s Kushiro and by afternoon, a first whale had been caught.The country’s
Fisheries Agency said it had set a cap for a total catch of 227 whales through
the season until late December.
The hunts come after Japan’s withdrawal from the International
Whaling Commission, a move slammed by anti-whaling activists but welcomed by
Japanese whaling communities.
Whaling has long proved a diplomatic flashpoint for Tokyo, which
says the practice is a Japanese tradition that should not be subject to
VaibhavYadav wins WBC Asian title
Indian pro boxer VaibhavYadav became the World Boxing
Council (WBC) Asia silver welterweight champion after defeating Thailand's
FahpetchSingmanassak in the title bout held in Pattaya, Thailand.
Yadav, a cousin of Commonwealth Games gold-medallist
VikasKrishan who has also turned pro now, clinched a third-round knockout over
The fight, which took place last night, was conducted by the
Asian Boxing Council and approved by the WBC.
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