Current Affairs for IAS Exams - 02 September 2019
Centre assures that NRC-excluded will not detained or excluded
from enjoying benefits
People left off the National Register of Citizens (NRC) are
not “stateless” and will continue to enjoy all the rights as before till
they exhaust all the remedies available under the law, the Ministry of
External Affairs (MEA) said on Sunday.
It said exclusion from the NRC has no implication on the rights
of an individual resident in Assam and that they will not be deprived of any
rights or entitlements which they have enjoyed before.
The NRC has been prepared to identify Indian citizens living in
Assam since March 24, 1971 or before.
Out of 3.3 crore applicants, over 19 lakh people were excluded
from the final NRC published on Saturday.“Exclusion from the NRC has no
implication on the rights of an individual resident in Assam.
“For those who are not in the final list will not be detained
and will continue to enjoy all the rights as before till they have exhausted all
the remedies available under the law,” MEA spokesperson Raveesh Kumar said.
“Through the District Legal Service Authorities, the government
has provisioned to extend legal aid to the needy. The State of Assam has assured
provision of free legal assistance to any person excluded from the list and who
is unable to afford such legal assistance. This is to enable people, especially
the disadvantaged sections, to have access to the best possible legal
assistance,” he stated.
He said that the updating of NRC is a “statutory, transparent,
legal process” mandated by the Supreme Court.
UIDAI to issue Aadhar cards to NRI’s soon
The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) has
said its systems will be ready within three months to offer the facility of
issuing Aadhaar cards to NRIs with Indian passports without the mandatory
180 days waiting period, as announced in the Budget.
UIDAI systems are being readied for the facility and necessary
legal measures are to be notified soon, UIDAI CEO Ajay BhushanPandey told
PTI.UIDAI systems will be tuned to offer the facility within three month’s time,
In her Budget speech on July 5, Finance Minister
NirmalaSitharaman had said: “I propose to consider issuing Aadhaar card for
Non-Resident Indians with Indian Passports after their arrival in India, without
waiting for 180 days.”
Meanwhile, the UIDAI — which has made operational two more
AadhaarSevaKendras (ASKs) in Bhopal and Chennai after the fourth centre in Hisar
was launched recently — is confident of meeting its target of opening 114 such
centres across the country in the coming months.
The UIDAI is setting up AadhaarSevaKendras — similar to the
concept of Passport SevaKendras — covering 53 cities across the country at an
estimated project cost of ₹300-400 crore.
These Aadhaar centres, meant to facilitate enrolment, updation
and other activities, are UIDAI’s own and operate in addition to thousands of
centres currently being run by banks and post offices, as well as in government
premises (offering similar Aadhaar services)
Finance ministry assures zero job loss post bank merger
Finance Minister NirmalaSitharaman has categorically said
the proposed merger of banks would not lead to any job losses.
Talking to reporters in Chennai today, she said not even a
single employee would be removed following the amalgamation. She dismissed
reports of job loss due to the merger, saying it is absolutely ill-informed.
NirmalaSitharaman on Friday unveiled a mega plan to merge ten
public sector banks into four. It is aimed at creating stronger lenders of
global scale. However, some of the bank unions are agitated fearing loss of
Ms Sitharaman sought to reassure the unions, saying it is not
an anti-staff move.
Asked whether there was any slowdown in the economy, the
Finance Minister said the government was responding to it sectorally, based
on their requirement.
She said the government responds to every sector of the Indian
economy when it approaches for solutions. To a query about the automobile
industry seeking a GST rate cut, NirmalaSitharaman said it should be decided by
the GST Council.
Talks on roadmap on growth of MSME’s held
Union Minister for Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises and
Road Transport & Highways NitinGadkari said today, the MSME and Khadi
Village Industries Commission (KVIC) together contributes 29th pc to
country’s growth and 40 pc to the export. They have also jointly given
employment to around 11 crore people.
He added that it is their mission to generate another 5 crore
new jobs and policies are being framed accordingly. He was delivering talk on
“Roadmap for Growth of MSME’s” held during the business summit titled
“Globalizing Brand ‘Khadi’ - the Pride of India” in Mumbai.
The Minister also spoke about promoting Khadi, mechanising its
production to match other cloth productions, and thus generating more employment
for poor people through it.
The Minister of State for MSME Pratap Chandra Sarangi spoke
about ways in which Khadi production can be increased thus meeting the target of
generating Rs. 10,000 croreturnover in the coming five years.
Pakistan raises Kashmir issue at South Asian speaker’s summit
India today strongly hit out at Pakistan after Islamabad
tried to raise the Kashmir issue during the fourth South Asian Speakers’
summit which began in the Maldives capital, Male.
Deputy Chairman of RajyaSabha, Harivansh strongly objected to
raising of the internal matter of India and rejected the politicisation of the
forum, by raising issues which are extraneous to the theme of the summit.
Calling Pakistan to end cross-border terrorism and all kinds of
state support to the same, he said this needs to be done in the interest of
regional peace and stability.
He asserted India’s stand that terrorism is the biggest threat
to the entire humanity in the world today, adding that a country that
perpetrated a genocide of its own people has no moral right to speak.
The two-day Speakers' meeting being hosted at the Majlis
building in Malé, focuses on achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. India
is being represented by LokSabha Speaker Om Birla and other senior officials.
The agenda of Summit includes panel discussions on equal pay,
youth employment, nutrition, food security and delivering the Paris agreement on
climate change. The summit is due to end with the adoption of the Malé
Declaration, with a summary of conclusions and recommendations.
Russia to train Indian astronauts for Gaganyaan
India and Russia are stepping up cooperation in the space
sector with Moscow extending help in 4-5 critical areas of India’s ambitious
manned mission to space, Gaganyaan.
This includes training of Indian astronauts at Russian
facilities beginning later this year, sources at the Indian Embassy in Moscow
“There are certain critical aspects India and Russia are
cooperating. In some instances we are taking their help because they have huge
experience in human space flight. There are some cases where Russia is helping
us adapt their technology to Indian requirements. So it will essentially be an
Indian spacecraft and this of course reduces time and the margins of error,” an
embassy source told.
Observing that the difference between space launches and human
launches is that “space launches tend to aim for the optimum, human launches aim
for perfection,” the source added that India sees Russia as a “reliable,
long-term partner” with great experience in human space flight over the last 50
“A special ISRO unit will be established in the embassy in
Moscow to facilitate increased cooperation between India and Russia in view of
the Gaganyaan programme,” the source added.
ISRO Chairman Dr. K. Sivan had stated earlier that they began
work on the manned mission in 2004 and many of the critical technologies
required have already been validated through various tests.
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
Filter based kits developed for Tb diagnosis and drug
To address the TB diagnostic challenges, a
multi-institutional team has developed three cost-effective kits that
improve the sensitivity of smear microscopy, enable transport of sputum
samples at ambient temperature without using bio-safe containers, and
extract DNA for diagnosing drug-resistant TB.
The three kits are — TB Detect, TB Concentration & Transport,
and TB DNA Extraction.
The TB Detect kit is for diagnosis using LED fluorescence
microscopy, while the TB Concentration &Transport, and the TB DNA Extraction
kits together are for detection of drug-resistance.
The TB Detect kit helps increase the positivity of LED
fluorescence microscopy by about 5%, while the TB DNA Extraction kit allows the
detection of drug-resistant TB bacteria with a high level of sensitivity.
The liquefied sputum containing the TB bacteria then comes in
contact with a highly porous, plastic membrane filter underlain by multiple
fibrous pads kept at the base of the filter device. While the sputum gets sucked
by the fibrous pad due to capillary forces, the bacteria remain on the membrane.
Diagnosis of drug-resistant TB is carried out only at central
laboratories, and so samples have to be transported. The TB concentration &
transport kit now makes it easy and simple to transport samples transport it in
sealed covers at ambient temperature making containment at low temperature
redundant. This is because the bacteria are killed using a disinfectant.
The kit for TB diagnosis was tested at the TB Hospital, Ambala
and the National Institute of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases (NITRD),
Delhi using 1,190 samples. The kit for diagnosing drug-resistance was tested on
148 samples at NITRD and THSTI.
Yashaswini wins gold at ISSF worldcup
Young shooter Yashaswini Singh Deswal won gold in the
women's 10meter Air Pistol event at the ISSF World Cup at in Rio de Janeiro
in Brazil last night. With the win, she has also secured an Olympic quota
This is India's ninth quota in shooting for 2020 Tokyo Games.
World no.1 OlenaKostevych of Ukraine claimed the silver, while Serbia's
JasminaMilavonovic bagged the bronze.
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