A Supreme Court Bench led by Justice S.A. Bobde ordered the
Central government and the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI)
to respond to a writ petition challenging the new Aadhaar Ordinance and
Regulations passed by the LokSabha, saying they will create a “surveillance
State” and enable the database to be exploited by private players for
The Bench issued notice on the petition filed by activists S.G.
Vombatkere and Bezwada Wilson, who said the UIDAI intended to use the ordinance
to commercialise and gain financially through the large-scale collection of
personal data of citizens and use of Aadhaar database by private entities.
“People’s data collected for Aadhaar database is their private
property and permitting this to be commercially explored is a violation of their
fundamental right to dignity,” the petition, represented by senior advocate
Shyam Divan and advocate Vipin Nair, submitted.
It said a Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court in September
last specifically struck down provisions, including Section 57 of the Aadhaar
Act 2016 that led to commercial exploitation of the database.
The court had found that the architecture and design of the
Aadhaar project did not enable mass surveillance of persons under the Aadhaar
The petition said the Ordinance allowed the Aadhaar database to
be linked to existing databases under the Prevention of Money Laundering Act and
the Indian Telegraph Act. This posed a grave threat to national security.
Two mega initiatives of UjjwalaYojana and SaubhagyaYojana-
have transformed the lives of women in every rural family and dramatically
improved their ease of living. This was stated by the Union Minister of
Finance and Corporate Affairs, Smt. NirmalaSitharaman, while presenting the
Union Budget 2019-20 in Parliament today.
Household access to clean cooking gas has seen an unprecedented
expansion, through provision of more than 7 crore LPG connections. All villages,
and almost 100% households across the country have been provided with
A combination of efficient implementation and enthusiastic
adoption has significantly improved access to energy for rural households, the
Finance Minister added.
By 2022, the 75th year of India’s independence, every rural
family, except those who are unwilling to take the connection will have an
electricity and a clean cooking facility, informed Finance Minister..
The Government has supported and encouraged women
entrepreneurship through various schemes such as MUDRA, Stand up India and the
Self Help Group (SHG) movement. In order to further encourage women enterprise,
the budget has a proposal to expand the Women SHG interest subvention programme
to all districts. Seventy per cent of beneficiaries under MUDRA scheme are
Finance Minister NirmalaSitharaman presented the first
General Budget of NarendraModi Government’s second term today.
Infrastructure development; vision for making India a five trillion-dollar
economy; Farmers’ welfare and water security are some of the key features of
Mrs.Sitharaman’s first budget as Finance Minister.
She said that the NDA government had set the ball rolling for a
new India and showed that the principle of Reform, Perform and Transform can
succeed. The Finance Minister exuded confidence that India will become a
five-trillion-dollar economy in the next few years.
Asserting, that connectivity is the life-blood of an economy,
the Finance Minister said the government has given a massive push to all forms
of physical connectivity through PradhanMantri Gram SadakYojana, industrial
corridors, dedicated freight corridors, Bharatmala and Sagarmala projects,
JalMargVikas and UDAN Schemes.
The Finance Minister said, Public sector banks will be provided
with 70 thousand crore rupees to boost capital and improve credit. She said, for
purchase of high-rated pooled assets of financially sound Non Banking Finance
Companies amounting to 1 lakh crore rupees during 2019-20, one-time six-month
partial credit guarantee will be given to Public Sector Banks. She proposed
strengthening of regulatory authority of RBI over NBFCs.
There is no change proposed for personal income tax rate below 2
crores. However, Surcharge on individuals having taxable income from 2 crore - 5
crore and 5 crore and above to be enhanced, so that effective tax rate will
increase by around 3% and 7% respectively.
The Delhi High Court today asked Reserve Bank of India and
Enforcement Directorate to respond to a plea alleging that online payment
platform PayPal was operating illegally without the central bank's
Abhijit Mishra, a financial economist, has claimed in his plea
that Paypal is operating as a payment and settlements system in blatant
violation of the Payments and Settlements Systems Act. He said, Paypal does not
figure in the list of authorized payment system operators published by RBI on
27th May 2019.
According to the PIL, filed through advocate PayalBahl, PayPal's
services are being used by various online travel, clothing and food websites or
apps, including Yatra, Makemytrip, Bookmyshow, Dominos Pizza and Myntra.
The petition has alleged that PayPal was also operating as a
foreign exchange dealer in contravention of the Foreign Exchange Management Act
Claiming that the company has unmonitored and unauthorized
access to the personal information such as Aadhaar, PAN, etc of the public. Such
access to the personal information of the public was a violation of Article 21
of the Constitution of India, the plea contended and sought directions to PayPal
to immediately stop its allegedly illegal and unauthorized operations.
The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) will hold a
special session to address concerns of Iran's nuclear activity, US National
Security Adviser John Bolton said in a statement issued yesterday.
Earlier, US Ambassador to International Organizations in Vienna
Jackie Wolcott requested the IAEA board convene to discuss concerning reports
about Iran's nuclear program.
On last Monday, IAEA Director General Yukiya Amano confirmed
that Iran exceeded the limit for enriched uranium stockpiles of 300 kilograms
Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said on Wednesday that Iran
intends to start enriching its uranium beyond the 3.67 per cent level on July 7,
outlined the nuclear agreement and it will maintain enrichment at a level that
it considers necessary.
On May 8, Tehran announced the decision to suspend some of its
obligations under the nuclear deal, giving the other signatories - France,
Germany, the United Kingdom, Russia, China and the European Union - 60 days to
save the accord by facilitating oil exports and trade with Iran amid US
Amid escalating tensions with Washington, Iran has threatened to
exceed the limit on the uranium supply permitted under the 2015 Nuclear Pact.