Current Affairs for IAS Exams - 07 August 2019
Kashmir security tightened after passing of re organisation
Necessary security arrangements have been put in place for
ensuring peace and security in Jammu and Kashmir, said General Officer
Commanding-in-Chief, Northern Command, Lt Gen Ranbir Singh on Tuesday after
chairing a meeting of the core group of intelligence and security agencies
However, sources in the Army said they expected infiltrations
and ceasefire violations to go up in the coming days by Pakistan following the
dilution of Article 370 and reorganisation of Jammu and Kashmir.
Lt. Gen. Singh pointed out in the past few days, Pakistan
intensified its efforts to increase the strength of terrorists in the launch
pads along the LoC, initiated ceasefire violations, pushed infiltrators across
the LoC, calibrated terrorist actions in the hinterland, as also exploited the
social media to launch disinformation campaign in Jammu and Kashmir.
The Indian Army had given a befitting response and it would
“respond with resolve and the cost would be prohibitive for them,” Lt. Gen.
Early in the morning, the Army foiled an infiltration bid along
the LoC in Machhal sector. It also recovered three AK assault rifles, three
pistols and 13 grenades from an infiltration attempt that occurred in Uri on
Meanwhile the Kashmir Valley remained cut off for the second
consecutive day on Tuesday as the government anticipated violence after
Parliament passed a resolution ending Jammu and Kashmir’s special status in the
Indian Union under Article 370.
Centre to facilitate states and districts under BBBP
The Union Ministry of Women and Child Developmentis
organizing a felicitation and award function for those Districts and States
who have successfully implemented the BetiBachaoBetiPadhao (BBBP)scheme in
the country. The function will be held on 7thAugust, 2019 in New Delhi.
The objective of the programme is to felicitate States and
Districts which are performing well in improving Sex Ratio at Birth as per
Health Management Information System (HMIS) of Ministry of Health and Family
Welfare data and excellent performance in awareness generation and outreach.
The BBBP scheme launched on 22ndJanuary, 2015 has been
implemented in phases. Currently, it is being implemented in 640 districts (as
per census 2011).
All 640 districts are covered through advocacy and media
campaign. Moreover, out of these 640 districts, 405 districts are covered under
Multi- Sectoral Intervention in which 100% Centrally Sponsored Schemes grant is
provided directly to DM/DC for BBBP.
District Magistrates/Deputy Commissioners of 10additional
districts (covering 8 States)will also be felicitated for outstanding
performance under awareness generation and outreach activities.
The latest reports on State/UT-wise Sex Ratio at Birth data for
the period 2014-15 and 2018-19, reveal that SRB increased from 918 to 931
showing improving trends at the national level.
RBI cuts repo rates to help boost economy
Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has cut repo rate by 35 basis
points to 5.40 per cent to give a fillip to the economy. This is the fourth
consecutive time that the Monetary Policy Committee has reduced the rates.
In the earlier three policies, RBI had reduced repo rate by 25 basis points
Consequently, the reverse repo rate under the liquidity
adjustment facility stands revised to 5.15 per cent, and the marginal standing
facility rate and the Bank Rate to 5.65 per cent. In its third bi-monthly policy
announced today, RBI has decided to maintain the accommodative stance of
Repo rate is the rate at which RBI lends to banks generally
against government securities while the reverse repo is the rate at which RBI
borrows money from the banks. Both these rates are key determinants for
customers availing loans from banks.
The Monetary Police Committee has noted that domestic economic
activity continues to be weak, with the global slowdown and escalating trade
tensions posing downside risks. Private consumption too remained sluggish while
benign inflation provided some room for policy action. Accordingly, the
Committee decided to reduce rates further so boost growth, especially private
On the inflation front, RBI has informed that actual headline
inflation for first quarter of 2019-20 stood at 3.1 percent and in alignment
with the Committee’s projections of 3-3.1 percent inflation figure for first
half of the current financial year.
RBI has said that an uptick in food inflation cannot be ruled
due to uneven distribution of monsoon, adding that volatile crude prices have
also have some impact on fuel prices. Hence, RBI has said projected CPI
inflation at 3.1 percent for second quarter of 2019-20 and in the range of
3.5-3.7 percent for second half of 2019-20 with risks evenly balanced.
IRDAI notifies changes to regulation of insurance marketing
Insurance regulator IRDAI has notified changes to
regulations governing insurance marketing firms (IMFs). The amendments to
the regulations notified in 2015 have been introduced from a perspective of
increasing insurance penetration by providing an enabling environment.
The regulator had also constituted a committee that made many
recommendations, including a reduction in the net worth, expansion of the area
of operation of IMFs, as well as the basket of products.
Another amendment permits the IMFs to engage with Agriculture
Insurance Company of India and Export Credit Guarantee Corporation. This would
be in addition to existing norms allowing them to solicit business for two life,
two general and two health insurers.
On the products allowed for IMF, the regulations said they can
solicit business for all kinds of products sold on individual and/or retail
basis, including crop insurance for non-loanee farmers and combi products.
Other changes include a relaxation in the work experience
requirement of IMF’s Principal Officer. A new clause requiring the insurers to
file with authority their policies for utilisation of IMFs, has also been
India gives contribution to UN Palestine refugee agency
India contributed yesterday USD 5 million to the UN
Palestine refugee agency and called for ensuring sustained fiscal support
for the organisation's work.
The cheque for the amount was handed over to the United Nations
Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) for Palestinian Refugees by Representative of
India (ROI) in Palestine, Sunil Kumar, at the Agency's headquarters in
India increased its annual financial assistance to the UNRWA by
four fold, from USD 1.25 million to USD 5 million, when Prime Minister
NarendraModi visited Palestine in February 2018, the first-ever visit by an
Indian Premier to Ramallah.
The UNRWA has been providing health, education, relief and
social services, as well as emergency humanitarian assistance, across its five
areas of operations in Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, West Bank, and the Gaza Strip
Bangladesh and Russia sign Uranium supply agreement
Bangladesh today signed a deal with Russia for the supply of
uranium for its 2,400 MW Rooppur Nuclear Power Plant (RNPP).
Under the deal, Russia will supply the nuclear fuel needed for
the plant during its entire life cycle.
The deal was signed today in Dhaka between the Bangladesh Atomic
Energy Commission and Russian Nuclear Fuel Supply Company (TVEL).
Work on the two units of the plants, each producing 1200 MW of
electricity is scheduled to be completed in 2022 and 2024 respectively.
The two countries have also signed 'spent fuel sent back’
agreement in 2017 for management of the nuclear waste of Rooppur Nuclear Power
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
Study finds variation in haemoglobin levels might lead to
A new study has linked low and high haemoglobin levels to an
increased risk of developing dementia in the future.
The study involved 12,305 people with an average age of 65 who
did not have dementia. Overall, 745 (6%) of the study subjects were found to
have anaemia. The researchers followed the participants for an average of 12
years. During that time, 1,520 people developed dementia. Of these, 1,194 had
Subjects who had anaemia were 41% more likely to develop
Alzheimer’s and 34% more likely to develop any type of dementia compared to
those who did not have anaemia. Of the 745 people with anaemia, 128 developed
dementia compared to 1,392 of the 11,560 who did not have anaemia.
“Previous studies that had shown this relationship did not rule
out the possibility that it could be due to nutritional impairment in early
stages of cognitive decline and dementia. This study emphasises the need for
screening and treatment of anaemia to reduce the risk as this is a potentially
modifiable risk factor,” Dr.Sivakumar said.
“A disciplined lifestyle that includes exercise, low-cholesterol
and high-fibre diet, and engaging in cognitive activities is important to
prevent cognitive decline,” he added.
India wins T20 series against West Indies
India completed a 3-0 clean sweep over the West Indies after
winning the third and final Twenty20 International by seven wickets in
Guyana last night. Indian skipper ViratKohli and young wicket-keeper Rishabh
Pant starred with the bat, helping India achieve the 147-run target with
five balls to spare. Pant stitched a 106-run partnership with Kohli.
Pant was brilliant during his unbeaten 65 off 42 balls while
Kohli anchored the innings to perfection with 59 off 45 balls. Deepak Chahar,
who claimed 3 wickets, was awarded Man of the Match while KrunalPandya was
adjudged player of the series.
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