Reservation in promotion in public posts cannot be claimed
as a fundamental right, the Supreme Court has reiterated in a judgment.
“There is no doubt that the State government is not bound to
make reservation. There is no fundamental right which inheres in an individual
to claim reservation in promotions. No mandamus can be issued by the court
directing the State government to provide reservation,” the court observed.
Citing Constitution Bench precedents that had settled the law,
the court said Articles 16 (4) and 16 (4-A) of the Constitution did not confer
individuals with a fundamental right to claim reservation in promotion.
The Articles empower the State to make reservation in matters of
appointment and promotion in favour of the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled
Tribes only “if in the opinion of the State they are not adequately represented
in the services of the State”.
“It is a settled law that the State government cannot be
directed to provide reservation for appointment in public posts. Similarly, the
State is not bound to make reservation for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes
in matters of promotions,” the court explained.
An 18 day long focused Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat Campaign
will get underway from tomorrow across the country. The campaign, being
organised by the Information and Broadcasting Ministry, will continue till
Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat promotes the spirit of national
integration through a deep and structured engagement between all Indian states
and union territories.
At the launch of Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat program in 2016,
Prime Minister NarendraModi stated that the initiative can build bonds between
the people of various states of the country.
AIR correspondent reports that Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat is a
unique program celebrating the Unity in Diversity of India. It also intends to
strengthen the fabric of traditionally existing emotional bonds between the
people of the country.
Showcasing and highlighting the rich heritage and culture,
cuisines, crafts, customs and traditions of 36 states and union territories is
the central idea behind Ek Bharat Shrestha Bharat. States and Union Territories
have been paired with each other to encourage the sharing of culture.
Jammu and Kashmir has been paired with Tamil Nadu, Punjab with
Andhra Pradesh, Uttarakhand with Karnataka, Himachal Pradesh with Kerala, Delhi
with Sikkim, and Rajasthan with Assam in the Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat
Farmers groups and lobbies, which successfully protested the
agricultural and dairy free trade provisions of the Regional Comprehensive
Economic Partnership (RCEP) leading to India pulling out of those talks, are
now urging the Centre to ensure that agricultural products stay out of the
ongoing Indo-U.S. trade negotiations as well.
Reports suggest that with U.S. President Donald Trump set to
visit India later this month, Amercian negotiators are pushing hard for the
removal of tariff and non-tariff barriers to facilitate access to the Indian
market for major crops including corn, cotton, soybean, wheat and nuts.
The U.S. is also keen on reaching a deal to open up the Indian
dairy market, which had been hindered by the fact that the U.S. cattle feed
often includes non-vegetarian elements.
Indian farm lobbies worry that this could have a disastrous
impact on domestic farmers, already facing a struggle to get remunerative prices
for their produce.
The import of genetically modified crops is also a thorny issue.
“Most of the U.S. cotton, soy, corn is GM. While Indian farmers also grow GM
cotton, India is yet to allow any GM food crop to be grown here. There are
concerns about bio-safety,” said AfsarJafri, an expert on agricultural trade
Directorate General of Trade Remedies (DGTR) conducts
anti-dumping investigations, under the Customs Tariff Act, 1975 and the
rules made thereunder, on the basis of a duly substantiated application
filed by the domestic industry alleging dumping of goods into the country
causing injury to the domestic industry.
The basic intent of anti-dumping measures is to eliminate injury
caused to the domestic industry by the unfair trade practice of dumping and to
create a level playing field for the domestic industry.
Currently,anti-dumping measures are in force on 90 products
imported from the People’s Republic of China, including two pharmaceutical
Further, 24 anti-dumping investigations are presently in
progress against the alleged dumping of imports from the People’s Republic of
This information was given by the Minister of Commerce and
Industry, PiyushGoyal, in a written reply in the RajyaSabha today.
Prime Minister NarendraModi today expressed hope that the
Sri Lankan government will fulfill expectations of Tamil people for
equality, justice, peace and respect in the island nation.
Delivering press statement after holding talks with his Sri
Lankan counterpart MahindaRajapaksa in New Delhi, Mr.Modi said stability,
security and prosperity in Sri Lanka is not only in India's interest but also in
the interest of the entire Indian Ocean Region. He said both countries have
decided to deepen cooperation to combat terrorism.
In their talks, the two prime ministers deliberated on the
entire expanse of bilateral ties and resolved to further deepen anti-terror
cooperation and boost trade and investment ties. Prime Minister Modi said, India
has been a trusted partner in Sri Lanka's development and will continue to
assist the country in its journey for peace and development.
He added that new lines of credit announced last year will
strengthen development cooperation between the two neighbours. Referring to the
fishermen issue, he said, both sides have decided to adopt a humanitarian
approach in dealing with it.
Researchers have developed and commercialised a rice variety
that is resistant to arsenic. Several studies have shown that arsenic from
groundwater and the soil can enter the food chain through paddy.
West Bengal is among the States with the highest concentration
of arsenic in groundwater, with 83 blocks across seven districts having higher
arsenic levels than permissible limits.
The new rice variety, Muktoshri — also called IET 21845 — was
developed jointly by the Rice Research Station at Chinsurah, coming under West
Bengal’s Agriculture Department and the National Botanical Research Institute,
Lucknow, over several years. A gazette notification for the commercial use of
Muktoshri was issued by West Bengal last year.
The work on developing the variety started in 2006 and by 2013
the scientists were successful. Pradip Kumar Das, a farmer at Birnagar in Nadia
district who cultivated the variety on over four hectares (30 bighas), said that
the yield was satisfactory, despite a dry spell.
According to the World Health Organization, long-term exposure
to arsenic, mainly through drinking water and food, can lead to poisoning. Skin
lesions and skin cancer are the most characteristic effects.