Current Affairs for IAS Exams -09 February 2023

Current Affairs for IAS Exams - 09 February 2023


NITI Aayog proposes setting up separate central board for vocational education

  • The NITI Aayog has proposed setting up a separate central board for recognition of vocational education, on the lines of an education board such as the central board of secondary education. 


  • The suggestions are part of a report in which the Aayog proposed a seven-pronged strategy to transform more than 15,000 ITIs in India.
  • It also suggested conducting national centralised examinations for admission to Industrial Training Institute (ITIs) to streamline the system and ensure transparency.
  • NITI Aayog’s report titled Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs)” “Transforming had recommended to set up separate board for VEon lines of an education board such as CentralBoard of Secondary Education.
  • It will ensure better credibility andrecognition of institutes providing vocational education(VE).
  • Credit framework implemented throughBoard will facilitate equivalence andmobility between general and VE andenable lifelong learning.
  • VE refers to training in skills and teaching ofknowledge related to a specific trade,occupation or vocation.


  • To make students work ready upongraduation by providing practical education in professional environment.
  • To help people move forward in theircareers.
  • The programs are often shorter and moreflexible than college or university programs.


IEEE C-DOT Certified Telecom Expert Program 

  • The Secretary (Telecom), Government of India launched the ‘IEEE C-DOT Certified Telecom Expert Program (ICCTEP).
  • It was collaborated by IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) and C-DOT (Centre for Development of Telematics) to bring learning in the areas of Telecom including 5G, Cyber Security and Quantum Communication to bridge the skill gap.


  • ICCTEP is a concrete step in furtherance of wide-ranging collaboration between C-DOT and IEEE. 
  • This platform will offer specially-tailored certification program that aims at providing quality learning in diverse areas of Telecom. 
  • The key focus is on building skills that would accelerate the participation of students, academia, technologists, industry, start-ups and other relevant stakeholders in developing globally-competitive Telecom technologies and solutions. 
  • The first program launched on the platform is on 5G and beyond.
  • The aim of this collaboration is to jointly create telecommunication courses, promote and train students and professionals, create jobs opportunities, and bridge the digital divide. 
  • IEEE Blended Learning Program (BLP) aims to upskill young professionals in Wireless, Optical, Broadcasting, Telecom Validation & Security.
  • IEEE is the world’s largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity. IEEE and its members inspire a global community through its highly cited publications, conferences, technology standards, and professional & educational activities.
  • Centre for Development of Telematics (C-DOT) is the premier R&D centre of the Department of Telecommunications, Ministry of Communications, Government of India. 
  • C-DOT has indigenously designed various cutting-edge Telecom technologies including 4G/5G, Disaster Management, Cyber Security and Quantum Communications.

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50 years of establishment of full diplomatic relations between India and Qatar

  • This year marks 50 years of establishment of full diplomatic relations between India and Qatar.

Key areas of engagement

  • India’s bilateral trade with Qatar in 2021-22 was US$ 15.03 billion.
  • Qatar’s exports to India include LNG, LPG, chemicals and petrochemicals, fertilisers, plastics etc.
  • India’s exports to Qatar include cereals, copper articles, iron and steel articles, fruits, spices etc.
  • India-Qatar Start-up bridge is a joint initiative to link the start-up ecosystems of two countries as well as helping theireconomies mutually.
  • India regularly participates in biennial Doha International Maritime Defence Exhibition and Conference (DIMDEX) in Qatar.
  • Za’ir-Al-Bahr (Roar of Sea) is naval exercise between Indian and Qatar Navy.
  • Over 8 lakhs Indian nationals residing in Qatar. They comprise largest expatriate community in Qatar and are engagedin professions like medicine, engineering etc.


Hittite Empire

  • By studying juniper timbers, researchers from Cornell University & Cyprus Institute found that series of droughts may have precipitated empire’s collapse.


  • The Hittites were an ancient group of Indo-Europeans who moved into Asia Minor and formed an empire at Hattusa in Anatolia (modern Turkey) around 1600 BCE.
  • The Hittite language was a member of the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European language family.
  • The Hittite economy was based on agriculture, with the main crops being emmer wheat and barley.
  • Although their civilization thrived during the Bronze Age, the Hittites were the forerunners of the Iron Age and were manufacturing iron artifacts from as early as the 14th century BCE.
  • The Hittites were famous for their skill in building and using chariots.

Hittite empire:

  • Between 1400 and 1200 B.C.E. the Hittites established one of the great empires of the ancient Middle East.
  • The Hittite Empire reached great heights during the mid-1300s BCE, when it spread across Asia Minor, into the northern Levant and Upper Mesopotamia.
  • The Hittite empire, with its capital at Bogazköy (also called as Hattusas), was the chief power and cultural force in Western Asia from 1400 to 1200 BC.
  • The head of the Hittite state was the king, but other officials exercised independent authority over various branches of the government.


Core Inflation

  • S&P Global Ratings on February 7 said core inflation in India has been declining sequentially, and an elevated 6.25% policy rate limits the need for further rate hikes.
  • The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has increased the short-term lending rate by 225 basis points since May last year to contain inflation, mostly driven by external factors, especially global supply chain disruption, following the Russia-Ukraine war outbreak.

About Core inflation:

  • The term core inflation was coined by Eckstein (1981) who defined it as ‘the trend increase of the cost of factors of production’ that ‘originates in the long-term expectations of inflation in the minds of households and businesses, in the contractual arrangements which sustain the wage-price momentum, and in the tax system’. 
  • Core inflation is the change in the costs of goods and services but does not include those from the food and energy sectors.
  • Food and energy prices are exempt from this calculation because their prices can be too volatile or fluctuate wildly.


Why it is important?

  • Core inflation is used to determine the impact of rising prices on consumer income.
  • If the increase in the price index is due to temporary shocks that could soon reverse themselves, it may not require any monetary policy action.
  • To deal with such situations, many central banks use measures of core inflation that are designed to filter the transitory price movements.
  • Core inflation by eliminating the volatile components from the headline helps in identifying the underlying trend in headline inflation and is believed to predict future inflation better.
  • Core inflation is a convenient guide to help the central bank achieve its objective of controlling total inflation.


Jupiter Moons 

  • Jupiter, with 92 moons, beats Saturn to become planet with most moons.
  • The observations were led by astronomer Scott Sheppard of Carnegie Institution for Science, who has spearheaded the discoveries after accidentally discovering a plethora of previously unknown Jovian moons during a hunt for the mysterious hypothetical Planet Nine in the outer Solar System. The details and confirmation of the new moons have been published quietly by the Minor Planet Center (MPC). 


  • Jupiter is home to first moons discovered in our solar system, functions like a mini solar system.
  • Jupiter’s four largest moons are called Galilean satellites: Lo, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto.
  • Lo is most volcanically active body in solar system.
  • Europa’s surface is mostly water ice.
  • Ganymede is largest moon in solar system and is only moon known to have its own internallygenerated magnetic field.
  • Callisto’s surface is extremely heavily cratered and ancient.


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