Current Affairs for IAS Exams - 10 JANUARY 2019
PM claims passage of reservation bill ‘historic’
- The Prime Minister has said that the constitutional amendment bill
providing 10% reservation for general category poor is a historic step for
the uplift of the poor and a reflection of the Government’s commitment to
- Passage of The Constitution (One Hundred And Twenty-Fourth
Amendment) Bill, 2019 in both Houses of Parliament is a victory for social
justice.It ensures a wider canvas for our Yuva Shakti to showcase their
prowess and contribute towards India’s transformation.
- By passing The Constitution (One Hundred And Twenty-Fourth
Amendment) Bill, 2019, we pay tributes to the makers of our Constitution and
the great freedom fighters, who envisioned an India that is strong and
inclusive", the Prime Minister said.
- Addressing a public rally in Solapur, Maharashtra today, he said
that the passage of the bill by Loksabha is a strong answer to those who
were spreading falsehood in this regard and expressed hope that the bill
will be passed by Rajya Sabha.
- On the Citizenship Amendment Bill, the Prime Minister assured the
people of Assam and North East that their rights and opportunities will be
- The Prime Minister said that his Government’s drive against
corruption and middlemen will continue unabated despite the diatribes
against him. He said that he was performing his duty courageously in the
fight against corruption and middlemen backed by the support and the
blessings of the people.
- The Prime Minister was addressing a public rally at Indira Gandhi
Stadium in Solapur after launching and laying down foundation stones of
several development projects for the region.Prime Minister laid the
foundation Stone of 30,000 houses under Pradhan MantriAwasYojana.
Supreme court orders justice Bedi report be made public
- The Supreme Court on Wednesday ordered that a confidential report
filed by the Justice H.S. Bedi (retired)Monitoring Committee into 21 police
encounters in Gujarat, which had occurred during the time Prime Minister
Narendra Modi was the State’s Chief Minister, be shared with petitioners,
lyricist Javed Akhtar and those representing the late journalist B.G.
- The decision of the Bench, led by Chief Justice of India Ranjan
Gogoi, was a setback for the Gujarat government, which urged the court to
keep the final report filed by the Supreme Court-appointed committee under
- The court also did not accept the State’s plea to bar the
petitioners from sharing the report with the media. The Gujarat government
will also get a copy.
- Asserting that the PIL petitioners had no locus standi, Senior
advocate Mr. Dwivedi said the case would be prematurely prejudiced against
the accused if the Supreme Court puts its seal on the report.
- He said the report was based on the merits of the encounter cases
and a reflection on the alleged conduct and criminality of certain persons
involved. He said only the trial court could take cognisance of the Justice
- In the previous hearing, Gujarat had objected to the report
itself. It alleged that Justice Bedi had prepared the report without
consulting the other members of the monitoring committee. The court
responded by asking Justice Bedi to file a written response.
- It was on December 3 that a Bench led by Justice Gogoi had
expressed the court’s resolve to hear the petitions filed by Mr. Akhtar and
Mr. Verghese in 2007. The petitioners had sought a fair probe into the
RBI governor holds meeting with NBFC’s on liquidity issue
- Representatives of the troubled shadow banking sector met Reserve
Bank Governor Shaktikanta Das on Wednesday and are understood to have
discussed a host of issues surrounding liquidity, which they have been
struggling with since the IL&FS crisis broke out late August last.
- There has also been a suggestion to have a bi-annual meeting
between the Governor and the representatives of the sector which is most
likely to be implemented, sources said.
- Mr. Das, who has been meeting all the key stakeholders, including
banks and MSME representatives, after taking charge last month , told the
meeting that NBFCs played a significant role in ensuring credit flow to the
economy, sources said.
- He also sought suggestions on how to improve the credit flow, they
said, adding no assurances were offered at the meeting.
- Some NBFCs are said to have requested the RBI to allow them to
access public deposits, which could give them access to funds.
WEF sees high stake in India’s domestic private consumption
- Domestic private consumption, that accounts for a major portion of
India’s gross domestic product (GDP), is expected to develop into a $6
trillion growth opportunity that would make India the world’s third-largest
economy by 2030, says a latest study by the World Economic Forum (WEF).
Currently it is at $1.5 trillion.
- The potential, however, offers both challenges and opportunities
as India would have to address critical societal issues, including skill
development and employment of the future workforce, socio-economic inclusion
of rural India and creating a healthy and sustainable future for its
citizens, according to the international body that works towards enhancing
- According to the WEF, the future of consumption in India in 2030
is anchored in rising incomes and a broad-based pattern of growth and
- It believes that the growth of the middle class would lift nearly
25 million households out of poverty and further, India would have 700
million millennials and Gen Z consumers, who have grown up in a more open
and confident country.
- According to the study, with nearly 10-12 million working-age
people expected to emerge in India over the next decade, the country faces a
huge challenge in providing the workforce with the right skills.
- Second, India will have to manage socio-economic inclusion of
rural India as, by 2030, 40% of Indians will be urban residents. Finally,
business and policy-makers will have to take the initiative on improving
health and liveability for India’s citizens by providing them with access to
affordable healthcare, promoting sustainable development, and seeking
solutions to urban congestion.
U.K to discuss post brexit immigration proposals with India
- British officials are set to test India’s reaction to proposals
for a new post-Brexit immigration system unveiled in December. Home Office
officials are set to meet with counterparts in India next week, as well as
others, for discussions on the ‘Immigration White Paper’ unveiled by Home
Secretary Sajid Javid last year, a senior Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO)
official has said.
- The immigration plans aim to create a level-playing field for EU
and non-EU workers, basing immigration opportunities on skills levels rather
than which part of the world workers have come from.
- “It is important to us as we finalise [immigration policy] to get
a clear view from the Indian government, and Indian students and others,”
said the FCO official, adding that they believed the nature of the
discussions that were set to take place were “unique at this stage”,
highlighting the huge importance the country placed on getting its
relationship with India right.
- The meetings in India are also an acknowledgment of the crucial
role the migration debate plays in the bilateral relationship between the
U.K. and India and the need to strengthen it ahead of Brexit.
- Senior figures from India, including former High Commissioner Y.K.
Sinha, have raised concerns about Britain’s immigration approach, including
the focus given to those overstaying their visa, which India believes is
given attention by the U.K. beyond levels it should be.
- Last year, the FCO warned in a submission to a parliamentary
inquiry, that India accounts for the largest number of individuals staying
in the U.K. illegally, and the number of those subjected to forced returns
to India has fallen by 50% in three years.
- Britain also faced criticism for failing to include India in a
relaxation of student documentation requirements that were extended to other
countries, including China.
Tehran Proposes a regional dialogue forum in Persian gulf
- In a diplomatic initiative to address the lingering conflicts and
mistrust in the Gulf region, Iran on Wednesday proposed a new platform for
regional peace building.
- Delivering a major speech at the Raisina Dialogue here, its
Foreign Minister Javad Zarif said such a forum should offer membership to
countries based on a set of general principles to address real issues that
affect people of the region and the world.
- The announcement of Persian Gulf Regional Dialogue Forum is
significant as it comes in the wake of continued erosion of the Gulf
Cooperation Council, which in the recent years has been divided between the
Iranian and the Saudi spheres. Mr. Zarif suggested that the new forum could
focus on promotion of peace and prosperity in the region.
- Laying out the agenda of the regional forum, Mr. Zarif said that
it could connect people of various member countries cutting across all
traditional boundaries. He also highlighted the effectiveness of such a
forum in dealing with threats like terrorism and extremism that has left the
countries of the region in a state of continuous state of insecurity.
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
Scientists develop a safer way to fight mosquitoes
- Scientists in the United States said on Tuesday they had taken a
major step toward developing a “mosquito birth control” drug to curb the
spread of malaria and other killer diseases blamed for hundreds of thousands
of deaths a year.
- Researchers at the University of Arizona said they had discovered
a protein unique to female mosquitoes which is critical for their young to
- When the scientists blocked the protein, the females laid eggs
with defective shells causing the embryos inside to die.
- The team said developing drugs which targeted the protein could
provide a way to reduce mosquito populations without harming beneficial
insects such as bees.
- Mosquitoes are one of the world’s deadliest insects, according to
the World Health Organization (WHO) which has warned that global progress
against malaria is stalling.
- The disease infected around 216 million people in 2016, killing
445,000 of them, predominantly babies and young children in sub-Saharan
Africa. Other diseases spread by mosquitoes include Zika, chikungunya,
yellow fever, West Nile virus and dengue, which has risen 30-fold in recent
decades, according to the WHO.
Khelo India Games starts off in Pune
- The second edition of Khelo India Youth Games was officialy
inaugurated yesterday evening by union sports minister Rajyavardhan Singh
Rathore at Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex in Pune.
- The first day of 12-day sporting extravaganza was action-packed
with many records being broken by the young athletes.
- Delhi dominated the first day with five gold medals followed by
Maharashtra and Haryana with three and two gold medals, respectively.
Manipur, Jammu and Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal won one gold medal
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