Current Affairs for IAS Exams - 10 October 2018
PM assures that government has fulfilled the demands of farmers
- Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Tuesday said his government had
fulfilled the long-pending demand of farmers by considerably increasing the
Minimum Support Price of around two dozen crops recently and was working
towards ensuring 50% profit for them over input cost.
- Mr. Modi was speaking at a public meeting in Garhi-Sampla here to
unveil the 64-foot-tall statue of Jat leader Sir Chhotu Ram, a prominent
politician in British India’s Punjab Province credited with working for the
uplift of the farming community. Mr. Modi also laid the foundation stone of
a rail coach refurbishment factory to be set up in Sonepat.
- Mr. Modi said his government had also worked for the welfare of
the farmers like Sir Chhotu Ram and ensured the right price for their
produce, protection against crop damage, adequate supply of fertilizers and
good health for the soil.
- The Prime Minister said efforts were on to supply irrigation water
to places where it had not reached for the past 30-40 years.
- Mr. Modi said a scheme was also initiated to compensate the
farmers who had failed to get the MSP for their crops.
- Ayushman Bharat, a healthcare scheme, he said, was also introduced
so that the farmers do not end up spending their income on hospital bills.
He said that in less than two weeks’ time since the scheme was initiated,
more than 50,000 people had availed its benefit.
Cyclone Titli to intensify into severe storm in a day
- Several coastal districts of Odisha have been put on high alert as
the cyclonic storm ‘Titli’ is expected to intensify into a severe cyclonic
storm in the next 24 hours.
- As a precautionary measure, the State government has ordered the
closure of all educational institutes and anganwadi kendras in Ganjam,
Gajapati, Puri and Jagatsinghpur districts from Wednesday till effects of
the storm are over. A decision over closure of institutes in some other
districts may be taken after a review of the situation on Wednesday.
- The latest bulletin by the India Meteorological Department said
the cyclonic storm was centred at 510 km from Gopalpur. This severe cyclonic
storm is expected to move west-northward and make landfall between Gopalpur
in south Odisha and Kalingapatnam in Andhra Pradesh by October 11 morning.
During the landfall, this severe cyclonic storm is expected to have a wind
speed of 100 to 110 km/hr with gusts of up to 125 km/hr.
- The deep depression over the westcentral Bay of Bengal moved
west-northwestwards with a speed of about 8 kmph and intensified into a
cyclonic storm and lay centered about 530 km southeast of Gopalpur (Odisha)
and 480 km east-southeast of Kalingapatnam (Andhra Pradesh).
- Thereafter, it is very likely to re-curve northeastwards, move
towards the Gangetic West Bengal across coastal Odisha and weaken gradually.
Heavy rain is likely to occur at isolated places over coastal Odisha and
north coastal Andhra Pradesh in the next 24 hours.
- According to the IMD, gale and wind speed reaching up to 40-50
kmph and gusting touching 65 kmph is likely to commence along and off north
Andhra Pradesh, Odisha and West Bengal coasts from Tuesday night.
Centre approves merger of existing skillspace regulatory agencies
- The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi
has approved the merger of the existing regulatory institutions in the
skills space - National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT) and the
National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) into the National Council for
Vocational Education and Training (NCVET).
- NCVET will regulate the functioning of entities engaged in
vocational education and training, both long-term and short-term and
establish minimum standards for the functioning of such entities.
- The Council would be headed by a Chairperson and will have
Executive and Non-Executive Members. Since NCVET is proposed to be set up
through merger of two existing bodies, the existing infrastructure and
resources will be utilized for the most part.
- This institutional reform will lead to improvement in quality and
market relevance of skill development programs lending credibility to
vocational education and training encouraging greater private investment and
employer participation in the skills space.
- This in turn will help achieve the twin objectives of enhancing
aspirational value of vocational education and of increasing skilled
manpower furthering the Prime Minister's agenda of making India the skill
capital of the world.
- Being a regulator of India's skill ecosystem, NCVET will have a
positive impact on each individual who is a part of vocational education and
training in the country. The idea of skill-based education will be seen in a
more inspirational manner which would further encourage students to apply
for skill-based educational courses.
Ministerial report claims that Pedestrians & cyclists suffered the most in
- Pedestrians and cyclists suffered the biggest spike in fatalities
in road accidents across the country in 2017, even as overall fatalities in
road accidents and the total count of such incidents declined marginally.
- According to the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways’ annual
report on road accidents, the total number of accidents dropped 3.3% in 2017
to 4.64 lakh, with the overall number of lives lost in these crashes
declining 1.9% to 1.47 lakh, from 1.5 lakh in 2016.
- However, the number of pedestrians killed in road accidents jumped
by 29.9% to 20,457 and the number of cyclists killed surged by 37.7% to
3,559. Pedestrians and cyclists together accounted for 16.2% of the total
fatalities in road accidents during 2017.
- The data also shows that almost 7 out of 10 two-wheeler and four
wheeler users who died in an accident did not follow the mandatory
requirement of wearing helmets and seat belts.
- Tamil Nadu topped in number of accidents, while U.P. had the most
Cabinet approves Memorandum of Cooperation between India and Finland
- The Union Cabinet, chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra
Modihas approved Memorandum of Cooperation between India and Finland on
- The Memorandum of Cooperation will enable establishment and
promotion of closer and long-term cooperation between the two countries in
the field of environment protection and management of natural resources on
the basis of equity, reciprocity and mutual benefits, taking into account
the applicable laws and legal provisions in each country.
- The concerns of rising environmental issues are not limited to any
country but pose a serious challenge to the entire Globe. India is one of
the emerging economies in the world with vast coastline and rich
- Finland's main environmental issues are air and water pollution,
and the preservation of its wildlife. Finland's principal environmental
agency is the Ministry of the Environment, established in 1983. Industrial
pollutants from within the country and surrounding countries affect the
purity of both the nation's air and water supplies.
- It also faces challenges like water pollution and increased demand
for natural resources. Both the Countries face many environmental challenges
like waste water management, conservation of threatened species, control of
air and water pollution and increased demand for natural resources.
- In view of the urgency to check: the growing environmental
concerns both the countries have decided to join hands to establish and
promote closer and long term cooperation in the field of environment
protection and management of natural resources and bring in the latest
technologies and best practices suited towards better environmental
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