Current Affairs for IAS Exams - 10 June 2021

Current Affairs for IAS Exams - 10 June 2021


India’s first international maritime services cluster

  • Gujarat Maritime Board(GMB) will be setting up India’s first international maritime services cluster at GIFT City in Ahmedabad.


  • GIFT City is India's only approved IFSC (International Financial Services Centre) located in Gandhinagar, Gujarat.
  • IMSC will be developed as a dedicated ecosystem comprising ports, shipping, logistics services providers and pertinent government regulators, all present in the same geographic vicinity of GIFT City.
  • It would help to enhance competitiveness, ease of doing business and self-sufficiency in the maritime sector.

Madras HC issues directions to remove prejudice against LGBTQIA+ community

  • In a significant outcome for the LGBTQIA community, the Madras High Court issued directions for protecting them from harassment by authorities and other major stakeholders in society. 


  • Directions, to protect LGBTQIA (Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and/or Questioning, Intersex, and Asexual and/or Ally) community fromharassment, include:
  • Prohibition on attempts to cure or change sexual orientation of LGBTIQA+ people.
  • Union ministry of social justice and empowerment to publish a list of NGOs who have expertise in handling issues faced by LGBTQIA+ community.
  • Change in curricula of schools and universities to educate students on understanding the LGBTQIA+ community.
  • Use of Parent Teachers Association in schools to sensitise parents.
  • Changes in hiring policies for inclusivity, provide support in case of grievances etc.


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Sea snot outbreak in Turkey

  • Turkey has witnessed some unprecedented sludge in its sea water.
  • The Sea of Marmara, which connects the Aegean Sea and Black Sea, has witnessed marine mucilage accumulation (commonly known as sea snot) and become a cause of grave concern for Turkey.
  • The slimy layer of grey/ green sludge, having the ability to damage marine ecosystems, has blanketed harbors and shorelines.


  • Sea snot is formed when algae present in the water becomes overloaded with nutrients.
  • The increase in these nutrients is a result of water pollution as well as climate change impact.
  • Global warming causes water to be warm and algae feast on it, resulting in more nutrients.
  • According to the environmental experts, phytoplankton are overproduced leading to formation of thick and slimy layers of organic matter.

WHO calls for intensified efforts to prevent foodborne diseases

  • The World Health Organization (WHO) South-East Asia Region has called for an intensified whole-of-society efforts to prevent, detect, and manage the risk of foodborne diseases (FBD), which affects 600 million people globally.


  • The region contributes a quarter of the global burden of FBD morbidity and nearly 42 per cent of FBD mortality.
  • The use of anti-microbials in farm animals is a major contributor to antimicrobial resistance (AMR) – a health and development threat, and one of the region’s eight flagship priorities.
  • The region has in recent years achieved sustained, multi-sectoral progress to enhance food safety.
  • All member States have established a National Codex Committee to advise government on Codex standards, codes of practice and guidelines.


Reserve Bank of India transfer tops govt's non-tax revenue source

  • Dividend, or surplus transfer, from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has become one of the biggest sources of non-tax revenues for the Centre.
  • In the last seven years, the Union government received a record Rs 5.45 trillion from the RBI at an annualised rate of nearly Rs 78,000 crore.


  • Non-tax revenue(NTR) is recurring income of the governments earned from sources other than tax.


  • Interest of loans given to states and union territories;
  • Dividends and profits PSEs as well as thetransfer of surplus from RBI;
  • Petroleum license (exploration or production);
  • Power supply fees;
  • Fees forCommunication Services;
  • Fees for broadcasting; road & bridges usage, examination (collected by UPSC and SSC), Administrative Services and police services;
  • Sale of stationery, gazettes etc.;
  • Receipts relating toDefence Services.


Scientists identify genes to improve fertiliser nitrogen use efficiency in rice

  • Indian biotechnologists have identified candidate genes for nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) in rice in what is a major boost to the scientific efforts for crop improvement to save nitrogenous pollution and fertilisers worth billions.


  • The researchers analysed over 16,600 genes compiled from their own research and dozens of others. They then systematically shortlisted ‘62 candidate genes’.
  • They further narrowed them down to ‘06 high priority target genes’ for their potential to improve NUE in rice.
  • NUE is controlled by too many genes and shortlisting them is very important for crop improvement towards NUE.
  • According to Indian Nitrogen Assessment, rice is important for NUE, as it consumes 37 per cent of all N-fertilisers in India, the highest among all crops on account of its lowest NUE.
  • Fertilisers like urea emit ammonia, which can deposit on particulate matter and impact human health.


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