Centre denies plans to extend article 371 to Jammu
The Central government does not intend to extend Article 371
of the Constitution to Jammu and Kashmir, Union Minister Jitendra Singh
Article 371, which has special provisions and is applicable in
some states especially in the Northeast, safeguards the rights of native people
with regard to religious or social practices, customary laws and procedures,
ownership and transfer of land and resources, and employment and education.
Reiterating that Article 370 is "gone forever as a whole", he
said there is a basic difference between the essence and spirit of Article 370
which has been revoked from Jammu and Kashmir and Article 371 which is
applicable in certain areas of the Northeast.
Singh said the vested interests will have to "swallow a bitter
pill" whether they like it or not. However, the minister said it is the duty of
"all patriotic, nationalistic and right-thinking citizens" to cooperate in
smooth implementation of the same laws and rules which are applicable in the
rest of India.
He said that while in case of states, there may be some leverage
for the respective state governments, in the case of a Union territory the
Centre's laws are applicable.
Home ministry plans to set up high security prisons in each
The Union home ministry has directed the states and Union
territories to set up “a high security prison” in each state to check
radicalisation of inmates.The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), in a
recent report on prisons, said jails in several states are overcrowded.
The advisory to chief secretaries also expresses concern over
secure custody of inmates. Last month, the clash between Delhi police and
lawyers could have led to escape of hundreds of hardened criminals.
“One important aspect which has been engaging the attention of
the government is the secure custody of inmates which is the primary
responsibility of prisons,” the home ministry letter states.
It further said, “The first requisite of a progressive prison is
the scientific classification of prisoners. The reformation of prisoners cannot
be if all types of prisoners are lodged together. Different types of criminals
need individual treatment. Unless a well planned classification of inmates is
made and habitual and hardened criminals who have adopted crime as a way of life
are separated from the rest, it would be difficult to save the first offenders
from the crime infection.”
The home ministry has suggested setting up of counter
radicalisation divisions to carefully select preachers visiting prisons for
prayers/ festivals and keeping a close watch on their conduct, ensuring no
pamphlets with radical content are circulated among the inmates and deny any
special privilege to radical elements in violation of prescribed rules.
NITI Aayog to begin improvement of data quality
NitiAayog, India’s key policy think tank, has begun work on
a roadmap that will suggest steps to swiftly tackle quality issues
confronting official data.
The move comes close on the heels of a controversy over the
consumption survey that was subsequently junked by the government on data
It also comes amid a move by the Ministry of Statistics and
Programme Implementation (MoSPI) to address data quality issues of various
surveys, introducing checks for data collection apart from increasing the sample
size of surveys to improve accuracy.
Statistics is no longer the old system, but has a huge
technology component as well, the source added. “It is a challenge to obtain,
store and maintain data and so is data governance, especially who has access to
data,” the source said.
Prime Minister NarendraModi is the chairman of the Aayog and
officials believe that it has the authority to drive the turnaround of India’s
The credibility of India’s official data has come under strain
following last month’s leak of the draft Household Consumer Expenditure report,
which showed a decline in spending in rural India in financial year 2018, and
was later shelved.
However, experts like economist PronabSen have questioned the
competence of the Aayog in such matters. Former members of the National
Statistical Commission had accused the government of sidelining the commission
and interfering with its working.
Govt.plans to impose anti-dumping duty on chemical imports
The government may impose anti dumping duty on a chemical
used in polyester fibres and films, imported from five countries as the
commerce ministry has launched an investigation for the same.
According to a notification of the Directorate general of Trade
Remedies (DGTR), the company has requested for imposition of anti-dumping duties
on the imports.India Glycols Limited has also supported the application.
It said that the authority has prima facie found that there is
sufficient evidence of dumping of the chemical from thesecountries.In the probe
it would determine the existence, degree and effect of alleged dumping, and
consequent injury to the domestic industry.
If established that dumping has caused material injury to
domestic industry, the directorate would recommend the amount of anti-dumping
Countries carry out anti-dumping probe to determine whether
their domestic industries have been hurt because of a surge in cheap imports.
As a counter measure, they impose duties under the multilateral
regime of the World Trade Organization.The duty is aimed at ensuring fair trade
practices and creating a level-playing field for domestic producers.
Bangladesh seeks report from India on number of illegal
Bangladeshi occupants in the country.
Bangladesh Foreign Minister A K Abdul Momen on Sunday said
his country has requested India to provide a list of any Bangladesh
nationals living illegally in the country and it will allow them to return.
Responding to a question on India's National Register of
Citizenship (NRC), Momen, who cancelled his visit to India on Thursday citing
his busy schedule, said Bangladesh-India relations are normal and "very sweet"
and they will not be affected. He said India has termed the NRC process as its
internal matter and assured Dhaka that it would not affect Bangladesh.
He rejected speculation of "pushback" attempts by India, saying
some Indian nationals are illegally entering Bangladesh through middlemen due to
Asked why he cancelled his India visit, the minister said his
busy schedule coinciding with the Martyred Intellectuals Day and Victory Day and
also the absence of the state minister for foreign affairs ShahriarAlam and the
ministry's secretary in the country made him defer his tour.
Diplomatic sources in New Delhi had said that Momen and Home
Minister Asaduzzaman Khan cancelled their visits to India over the situation
arising out of the passage of the controversial Citizenship (Amendment) Bill in
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
Around 73 countries join climate ambition alliance at COP 25
Around 73 countries have joined the Climate Ambition
Alliance (CAA) at the COP25. The alliance is led by Chile and was launched
at the Climate Action Summit, New York in 2019.
Both Chile and UK will work together to mobilize additional
actors to join the alliance. They will also work towards COP26 that is to be
held in November 2020 at Glasgow, UK.
The CAA will focus on Nationally Determined Contributions in
order to achieve Net Zero by 2050. It will focus in resilience in
infrastructure, management of water and sustainability of cities. The main
purpose of the alliance is to upscale 2020 targets of members of UN and to
achieve Net Zero Carbon Emissions by 2050.
The alliance is important to enhance the Nationally Determined
Contributions of countries all over the world. The United Nations Environment
Programme (UNEP) in its Emissions Gap Report, 2019 warned that in order to
achieve the goal of 1.5°C increase in temperatures over pre-industrial levels,
it is essential to reduce the emissions by 7.6% between 2020 and 2030.
The Emissions Gap Report that was released by the UNEP in
December 2019, measures the gap between measures being done and measures to be
done to tackle climate change.
India lose to West Indies in first ODI
In Cricket, Shai Hope and ShimronHetmyer guided West Indies
to a comfortable eight-wicket win over India in the first ODI at the MA
Chidambaram Stadium in Chennai last night. ShimronHetmyer who smashed a
career-best 139 in 106 balls is declared Man of the Match.
With this win, the Carribean side have a 1-0 lead in the
three-match ODI series. Chasing a target of 288 runs, West Indies made 291 for
the loss of 2 wickets. Hope scored unbeaten 102 runs while Nicholas Pooran
played a knock of 29 runs not out.
Earlier, the visitors won the toss and asked India to bat first.
Batting first, the hosts scored 287 for in 50 overs. Wicket-keeper batsman
Rishabh Pant scored his maiden ODI half-century. Pant, while playing in his 13th
50-over game, played a knock of 71 runs off 69 balls. For Windies, Cottrell,
Keemo Paul and Joseph scalped two wickets each.