Current Affairs for IAS Exams - 17 October 2022

Current Affairs for IAS Exams - 17 October 2022


Legal Rights to Non-Humans

  • As the world fights climate change and the exploitation of nature, countries like Ecuador and New Zealand have taken some significant steps in bringing laws into the natural world.


  • In 2008Ecuador, approved a Constitution that grants tropical forests, islands, rivers and air, legal rights to “exist, flourish and evolve”. 
  • In April 2022 Ecuador became the first country to grant legal rights to individual wild animals. Bolivia granted all nature rights equal to that of humans in 2011. 
  • New Zealand in 2017, passed the Whanganui River Claims Settlement Bill, which granted legal personhood to river Whanganui and its surrounding ecosystem. 

Where does India stand? 

  • Article 51-A (g) of the Constitution of India lays down that it is the fundamental duty of every citizen to protect wildlife and have compassion for all living creatures. However, such duties are not enforceable by law. 
  • The Uttarakhand High Court in 2017, granted the river Ganga and its longest tributary Yamuna the legal right to be protected and not be harmed. 
  • While other legal acts such as the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972 and the Cruelty to Animals Act of 1960 exist, they do not recognize animals as individual living entities. 

Bio age :

  • The increased integration of biotechnology in human life will bring in the bio age. 
  • Integration of life sciences with modern technology through the production of genetically modified organisms (GMOs), engineering of genes to enhance disease resistance, gene editing, and more, indicate that biotechnology is most likely to pervade our lives in the future. 
  • It will mark the end of the digital Information Age and this era will require legal intervention to hold researchers accountable for the impact of their work on the environment.

Bhasha Kendras

  • The government has decided to set up language centrescalled bhasha kendrasto prepare study material and courses for each of the 22 languages in the eighth schedule of the Constitution.


  • It will be established under the Union ministry of education’s Indian Knowledge System (IKS) initiative.
  • These language centres will be in line with the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, that emphasises on promoting regional languages.
  • First, they will prepare small booklets of 100-200 pages of the IKS-related literature and manuscripts available in their designated languages. 


JOIN Full Online Course for UPSC PRE Exam

UPSC IAS Exam Complete Study Materials


Kamikaze Drones

  • Ukraine’s capital region was struck by Iranian-made kamikaze drones recently. 


  • These are small unmanned aircraft packed with explosives that can be flown directly at a tank or a group of troops that are destroyed when it hits the target and explodes.
  • The name comes from the World War 2 era’s feared Japanese kamikaze pilots, who conducted suicide attacks by intentionally crashing their explosive filled aircraft into enemy targets.
  • The modern drone versions have the capability of surpassing traditional defences to strike their targets and are also cheaper than their larger counterparts.
  • The small lethal drones are difficult to detect on radar, and through the use of facial recognition, can be programmed to hit targets without human intervention.

Key highlights: 

  • According to the US military, Iranian-backed militias have used small drones in 10 attacks on US bases in Iraq this year.


Sri Lanka recently asks to translocate Indian bisons

  • Sri Lanka recently asks India to translocate 6 Indian bisons or gaurs to reintroduce them in the island after three centuries.


  • Indian Bisons are one of the largest extant bovines. It is one of the largest species among the wild cattle, reaching a shoulder height of up to 220 cm.
  • They are found on the forested hills and grassy areas of south to south east Asia.
  • There are about 13,000 to 30,000 gaurs in the world with approximately 85% of the population present in India. It is also found in Burma and Thailand.
  • The Western Ghats in southern India constitute one of the most extensive extant strongholds of gaur, in particular in the Wayanad – Nagarhole – Mudumalai – Bandipur complex.
  • The first-ever population estimation exercise of the Indian gaur carried out in the Nilgiris Forest Division in February 2020 estimated around 2,000 Indian gaurs to be inhabiting the division.
  • The gaur is the State Animal of Goa and Bihar. 


  • It is a protected species and included in Schedule I of the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972
  • Listed as “vulnerable” in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List.



India has potential to attract USD 475 billion through FDI in 5 years

  • According to EY- Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) report, India to attract FDI worth $475 billion in 5 years.


  • The report titled ‘Vision—Developed India: Opportunities and Expectations of MNCs’, added that 71% of MNCs working in India consider the country an important destination for their global expansion. The optimism is driven by both short-term as well as long-term prospects.
  • FDI in India has seen a consistent rise in the last decade, with FY 2021-22 receiving FDI inflow of $84.8 billion despite the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic and geopolitical developments on investment sentiment.
  • India is seen as an emerging manufacturing hub in global value chains, as a growing consumer market and as a hub for ongoing digital transformation.
  • Over 60% of MNCs in the report stated improvement in the business environment in the last three years. 



Omicron sub-variant BF.7

  • The Gujarat Biotechnology Research Centre has recently detected the first case of the Omicron sub-variant BF.7 in India.


  • Omicron BF. 7 is the latest sub-variant of the Omicron variant, first detected in Northwest China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region.
  • It is also known as the 'Omicron spawn'.
  • This new variant is fast spreading to several other countries including the United States, UK, Australia and Belgium.
  • Being a sub-variant of Omicron BA.5, BF.7 reportedly has enhanced immunity evasion in comparison to its parental strain.
  • This means that people who have been infected before or have taken the COVID-19 vaccines can get infected with BF.7.
  • The symptoms associated with the BF.7 sub-variant is similar to other sub-variants of Omicron.


Click Here For All Current Affairs

Click  Here for MCQ's Archive

This is a Part of Online Coaching Programme for UPSC Exam

DOWNLOAD UPSC Monthly Current Affairs PDF

Study Notes for UPSC IAS Exam