The right to self-defence extends not only to one’s own body but
to protecting the person and property of another,
the Supreme Court has said.
A Bench of Justices A.M. Sapre and R. Subhash Reddy underlined the
right to private defence, enumerated in Sections 96 to 106 of the IPC, while
acquitting a Tamil Nadu forest ranger who shot dead a sandalwood ‘smuggler’
in the Dharmapuri forest area of the State in 1988.
The trial had sentenced Sukumaran, the forest ranger, to a life in
prison for murder. The Madras High Court reduced the term to five years.
In appeal, the apex court concluded that Mr. Sukumaran had shot
the smuggler under threat to his own life and that of his driver,
Chinnakolandai.The forest ranger and his driver were in a jeep in the early
hours, doing rounds in the forest, when they saw a truck. They gave chase.
According to the ranger, smuggler Basha and his companions first
pelted stones at their jeep, following which they pulled out a gun on the
ranger. Mr. Sukumaran was quick to draw and shot Basha in self-defence.
“The prosecution was not able to prove the manner in which the
incident occurred as alleged by them in their charge sheet. In this view of
the matter, the appellant (Sukumaran) is entitled to be acquitted from the
charges for want of any evidence against him,” Justice Sapre wrote.
With general elections on the door ,GoM on anti-lynching kept on hold
With the announcement of general elections on March 10, at least
two important Groups of Ministers (GoMs) constituted by the Centre last year
to suggest measures on anti-lynching and prevention of sexual harassment of
women at workplace have been put in the cold storage.
Till the next government is sworn in in May-June, the government
cannot bring in changes in law on the two subjects.
A top source in the Ministry of Women and Child Development said
the government’s attempt to address sexual harassment at workplace in the
aftermath of the MeToo movement by revisiting the law and suggesting ways to
improve the response mechanism of organisations is now “on hold.”
On July 23 last year, after several incidents of lynching were
reported across the country, the government announced that a GoM headed by
Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh will submit its recommendations on ways to
prevent the crime to Prime Minister NarendraModi. A senior government
official said the GoM met on two occasions but was yet to finalise its
Another significant legislation that proposed that critical
personal data of Indian citizens be processed in centres located within the
country and also proposed financial penalties for data processor for
violations of the data protection law have also been put on the backburner.
On January 4, Union Minister for Electronics and IT Ravi Shankar
Prasad told the RajyaSabha that government had finalised the data protection
Similarly, there is uncertainty over the handing over of
development and operations of six airports for which Airports Authority of
India had invited bids due to model code of conduct. While the Adani
Enterprises Limited emerged as the highest bidder, a final decision from the
government on awarding these airports is awaited.
IBBI signs MoU with SEBI on IBC implementation
The Insolvency and Bankruptcy Board of India (IBBI) signed a
Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) today with the Securities and Exchange
Board of India (SEBI).
The IBBI and the SEBI seek effective implementation of the
Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code, 2016 (Code) and its allied rules and
regulations, which have redefined the debt-equity relationship and aims to
promote entrepreneurship and debt market.
They have agreed under the MoU to assist and co-operate with each
other for the effective implementation of the Code, subject to limitations
imposed by the applicable laws.
The MoU provides for sharing of information between the two
parties, subject to the limitations imposed by the applicable laws;sharing
of resources available with each other to the extent feasible and legally
Along with periodic meetings to discuss matters of mutual
interest, including regulatory requirements that impact each party's
responsibilities, enforcement cases, research and data analysis, information
technology and data sharing, or any other matter that the parties believe
would be of interest to each other in fulfilling their respective statutory
It also provides for joint efforts towards enhancing the level of
awareness among financial creditors about the importance and necessity of
swift insolvency resolution process of various types of borrowers in
distress under the provisions of the Code, etc.
RBI governor says Forex swap decision worked on well
The recent decision of the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to inject
rupee liquidity through long-term foreign exchange swap a first of its kind
in liquidity management policy has been received well, Reserve Bank of India
Governor Shaktikanta Das said on Tuesday.
Mr. Das was speaking to reporters on the sidelines of an event to
launch former governor Y.V. Reddy’s book.
Observing that there was a need to ensure broad consistency
between finance commissions so that there was some degree of certainty in
the flow of funds, especially to States, he said, “This has become even more
critical in the post-GST scenario. In other words, there has to be
continuity and change between finance commissions. Increasingly, therefore,
it is felt that there is a need to give permanent status to the finance
Stating that the recent initiatives in fostering cooperative
federalism had opened new chapters of cooperation between the Centre and
States, he added that cooperative federalism, however, should not ‘breed
“Alongside cooperative federalism, there has to be competitive
federalism. The ranking of States on the parameter of ‘ease of doing
business’ has generated a very healthy competition among States.
Indices developed by the NITI Aayog on health, water management,
implementation of SDGs, etc., have the potential to generate similar healthy
competition,” the RBI Governor added.
India extends humanitarian assistance to Mozambique
The Indian Navy had launched a Humanitarian Assistance and
Disaster Relief (HADR) operation in coordination with local officials to
evacuate about 5,000 people stranded at Buzi near Port Beira in Mozambique,
a Navy officer said on Tuesday.
“Large fishing boats provided by Mozambique acted as anchor midway
across the channel. Rigid-Hulled Inflatable Boat (RHIB) and Gemini boats on
our ships will transport personnel from shore to the fishing boats to be
transported to the Beira side,” a defence official said, giving details of
The smaller RHIB and Gemini boats were employed as the Navy ships
and local fishing boats could not enter the channel due to depth
restrictions. Helicopter operations were also planned to assist the rescue
“Ships of First Training squadron of Indian Navy, Sujata, Sarathi
and Shardul, operating in Southern Indian Ocean were diverted to Port Beira
in Mozambique based on the request of the Government of Mozambique,” the
Navy officer said. Navy ships provided food, clothes, medicine and potable
water to the affected people.
The ships also have three medical practitioners and five nurses to
provide immediate medical help. The helicopter on INS Shardul is operating
from the local airport for recce and search and rescue, the Navy officer
U.K not to consider FTA with India soon
Britain has acknowledged that securing a Free Trade Agreement with
India will not be its immediate priority as it prepares to leave the EU and
focusses on “first-tier” countries.
Instead, Britain would initially focus on tackling existing
barriers to trade, the Foreign and Commonwealth Office’s Minister for Asia
Mark Field and the head of the South Asia Department Fergus Auld told MP
during an evidence session on Tuesday afternoon as part of an inquiry by the
committee into the government’s efforts to build a “global Britain” in the
wake of Brexit.
Referring to the Department of International Trade (DIT)’s
approach to securing post-Brexit trade deals, Mr. Auld said that the
Department would first focus on securing FTAs that were “relatively simple”
and “where there was clear mutual advantage.”
However, when asked about what the barriers were, Mr. Field noted
that businesses have not always found it easy to operate in India. “There
have been a number of high trade disputes that required international
arbitration,” he told MPs. “We are prioritising in terms of free trade
agreements are concerned. It’s not that India is not important but it isn’t
in that first tier.”
While it was a positive step that India had risen by 53 ranks in
the ‘Ease of Doing Business Index’ between 2016 and 2018, the fact that it
remained at position 77 suggested that “there are difficulties that are
there”, Mr. Field told MPs.
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
Honey bees could be another bio indicator
Tree rings can tell scientists what the atmosphere was like when
the tree was young. Lichens can reveal local air pollution levels. Now,
scientists in Canada report that honey carries a message, too.
A survey of urban beehives around Vancouver, which was published
recently in Nature Sustainability , showed that the hives’ honey contained
minute levels of lead, especially downtown and near the city’s port. The
readings suggest that honey can be a sensitive indicator of air quality.
The project began when Hives for Humanity, a nonprofit, asked
Dominique Weis, a co-author of the paper, to check the honey for lead and
Bees are known to pick up trace amounts of metals, which settle on
leaves and flowers from the air, as they forage for pollen. The results
showed very small levels of lead, and traces of iron and zinc.
Going forward, scientists may be able to track improvements or
declines in air quality by monitoring the beehives and analysing the honey.
India shines with 188 medals in Special Olympics
India has so far won a total of 188 medals at the Special Olympics
World Games in Abu Dhabi. The medals include 50 gold, 63 silver and 75
The medal tally surged as Indian paddlers made history in table
tennis with four gold and one silver medal. Coach SheetalNegi said that the
Indian contingent underwent four preparatory camps in Gurgaon, Jodhpur,
Haryana and Mumbai before competing in Abu Dhabi.
The men’s team has also won two gold medals at the games.India has
sent a 378-strong contingent that is participating in the 15th edition of
the Games. The closing ceremony of Special Olympics World Games is scheduled
for March 21.