Centre brings in plans to block its share of water to pakistan
A day after Union Minister NitinGadkari said India had decided to
“stop” the flow of its share of river water to Pakistan, the Water Resources
Ministry on Friday issued details of various projects being implemented for
The Indus system comprises the rivers Indus, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi,
Beas and Sutlej. The basin is mainly shared between India and Pakistan with
a small share for China and Afghanistan, the Ministry said in the statement.
Under the Indus Water Treaty signed by India and Pakistan in 1960, the
waters of three rivers Ravi, Sutlej and Beas (eastern rivers) of about 33
million acre feet (MAF) were allocated to India for exclusive use.
About 2 MAF of water annually from the Ravi is reported to be
still flowing unutilised to Pakistan below Madhopur.
Among India’s various schemes is the Shahpurkandi project that
will help in utilising the water from the Thein dam to irrigate 37,000
hectares of land in Jammu and Kashmir and Punjab, and generate 206 MW of
power, the statement said.
Another facility is the Ujh multipurpose project that will create
a storage of about 781 million cubic metre of water on river Ujh , a
tributary of Ravi.The third project is the second Ravi-Beas link below Ujh,
the statement said.
India denies visa to Pakistan sportsmen,country’s futureolympic hosting
might get a relook
India’s future as a host for sporting events remained uncertain
following a decision by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) on Friday.
The issue arose when India refused visa requests from two
Pakistani shooters expected to participate in the ongoing ISSF World Cup
here on Saturday.
In a letter to the Indian Olympic Association (IOA), the IOC made
it clear that all future international sporting events in India would be put
on hold unless the host gave a written guarantee that there would be no
discrimination on participation of athletes.
The IOC decided to restrict the withdrawal of recognition as an
Olympic qualification event to the 25m rapid fire pistol competition in
which the two Pakistani athletes were supposed to participate. “This
happened in the interest of the other 500 athletes from 61 countries
participating in the other events,” the IOC noted.
In IOC’s view, the Indian stand was, “against the Fundamental
Principles of the Olympic Charter, in particular the principles of
non-discrimination, as well as the IOC’s and the Olympic Movement’s
position, reiterated on many occasions over the past few years, that equal
treatment must be guaranteed for all participating athletes and sporting
delegations at international sports events, without any form of
discrimination or political interference from the host country.”
MUDRA job card submitted by Labour bureau
The Labour Bureau has completed its survey on employment generated
by the MUDRA loan scheme, giving the Centre a potential data tool to combat
other reports showing a dismal scenario on jobs.
The PradhanMantri Mudra Yojana was introduced in April 2015 as an
effort to extend affordable credit to micro and small enterprises. Loans up
to Rs. 10 lakh are extended to these non-corporate, non-farm enterprises by
the Micro Units Development and Refinance Agency (MUDRA) through last-mile
financial institutions. So far, 15.56 crore loans worth a total of Rs. 7.23
lakh crore have been disbursed.
Before stepping down as vice chairman of NitiAayog in August 2017,
ArvindPanagariya, had submitted a report on the recommendations of a task
force he had chaired on improving jobs data.
One recommendation was to analyse the extent of employment and
self-employment generated by MUDRA loans.
The Labour Bureau’s completed report on MUDRA loans has now been
submitted to the Centre at a time when it is taking flak for not releasing
the results of the National Sample Survey Organisation’s periodic labour
According to reports, a leaked copy of the NSSO’s findings showed
that unemployment hit a 45-year high of 6.1% in 2017-18.
Central government ministers and officials have already attempted
to use the MUDRA scheme’s performance to combat criticism based on the
leaked NSSO job survey report.
Some economists, however, have advised caution in the
interpretation of MUDRA data, especially as it relates to jobs.
Indian to have its own Domain name server
The government will soon roll out a public Domain Name Server, or
DNS, for India aimed at providing a faster and more secure browsing
experience for Internet users in the country, while ensuring that citizens’
data is stored locally.
A DNS is a like a directory for the Internet. It helps to convert
domain names that are easy for people to remember into IP addresses, which
are used by computers/machines to communicate. If the DNS is either slow or
fails to work, users will not be able to locate web addresses.
“The main aim of bringing our own public DNS is to ensure
availability, particularly for smaller Interest Service Providers (ISPs) who
don’t have credible DNS. Bigger ones usually have their own DNS,” an IT
Ministry official said.
Pointing out that there were other open DNS servers, including
Google Public DNS, the official said the government’s system would prevent
users from visiting malicious websites.
The roll-out, which will be executed by the National Informatics
Centre the technology arm of the governmentwill be completed in the next
four to six months, the official said. NIC is already using the public DNS
within the government network.
Asked if the move would enable the government to block content or
help in surveillance, the official said, “If the government wants to block a
website, we have a mechanism in place. We can send a list to the ISPs for
reasons such as child porn or fake news, and they have to comply with the
Sudanese president declares year long emergency amid protests
Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir has declared a year-long state
of emergency, dissolving his cabinet and local governments throughout the
Omar al-Bashir in a televised address yesterday called on Sudan's
parliament to postpone constitutional amendments that would allow him to run
for another term in a presidential election in 2020.
Bashir's announcement followed months of nearly daily protests
against his rule, with thousands of people taking to the streets across the
country since December 19 to call for him to stand down after nearly three
decades in office.
Omar al-Bashir's term ends in 2020 and he has repeatedly promised
over the years not to make new runs for the presidency.
Since December 2018, various areas in Sudan, including the capital
Khartoum, have been witnessing popular protests over the deteriorating
economic conditions and price hikes of basic commodities.
China to go for DNA tracking of people
China wants to make the country’s Uighurs, a predominantly Muslim
ethnic group, more subservient to the Communist Party. It has detained up to
1 million people in what China calls “re-education” camps, drawing
condemnation from human rights groups and a threat of sanctions from the
Collecting genetic material is a key part of China’s campaign,
according to human rights groups and Uighur activists. They say a
comprehensive DNA database could be used to chase down any Uighurs who
resist conforming to the campaign.
Police forces in the U.S. and elsewhere use genetic material from
family members to find suspects and solve crimes. Chinese officials, who are
building a broad nationwide database of DNA samples, have cited the
crime-fighting benefits of China’s own genetic studies.
To bolster their DNA capabilities, scientists affiliated with
China’s police used equipment made by Thermo Fisher, a Massachusetts
company. For comparison with Uighur DNA, they also relied on genetic
material from people around the world that was provided by Kenneth Kidd, a
prominent Yale University geneticist.
In a statement, the Xinjiang government denied that it collects
DNA samples as part of the free medical check-ups. It said the DNA machines
that were bought by Xinjiang officials were for “internal use”.
China has for decades maintained an iron grip in Xinjiang. In
recent years, it has blamed Uighurs for a series of terrorist attacks in
Xinjiang and elsewhere in China, including a 2013 incident in which a driver
struck two people in Tiananmen Square in Beijing.
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
Scientists tests conversion of edible oil into Bio-ATF successfully
Dehradun-based Indian Institute of Petroleum has successfully
finished a pilot test to convert used cooking oil into bio-aviation turbine
fuel (Bio-ATF), which can be blended with conventional ATF and used as
The Institute collected used cooking oil from caterers and hotels
in Dehradun for the pilot, which has now set the platform for commercial use
of the technology.
“The chemical composition of the used cooking oil is identical to
other plant-based oils that have been converted to Bio-ATF. We have shown
that Bio-ATF production is possible from used cooking oil,” said
SaleemAkhtarFarooqui, a scientist at the institute.
The test assumes importance as the Food Safety and Standards
Authority of India (FSSAI) has launched the Repurpose Cooking Oil (RUCO)
initiative to collect and convert used cooking oil into bio-fuel.
As many as 64 companies in 101 locations across the country have
been identified for the purpose by FSSAI. The food safety body says that by
2020, it should be possible to recover about 220 crore litres of used
cooking oil for conversion into bio-fuel.
The CSIR-Indian Institute of Petroleum is looking for partners to
commercialise the technology. “We cannot supply large quantities because we
are a research lab. We are looking for partners to commercialise the
technology,” he said
Indian cricket team to abide by government decision in boycotting match
Indian captain ViratKohli today said, his team will respect the
government's decision with regards to playing Pakistan in the 50-over World
Cup beginning in May in London.
There has been calls to boycott the 16th June World Cup face-off
against Pakistan at Old Trafford in the aftermath of the Pulwama terror
attack. Speaking on the eve of India's opening T-20 against Australia at
Visakhapatnam, Kohli said, his team's stand is simple.
They will stick by what the nation wants to do and what the
government and BCCI decide to do. He also offered his condolences on behalf
of the entire Indian team to the families of the martyred soldiers.