Current Affairs for IAS Exams - 28 May 2019
BIMSTEC leaders to attend PM’s swearing in ceremony
India has invited the leaders of the BIMSTEC Member States
for the swearing-in ceremony of Prime Minister NarendraModi on Thursday
Ministry of External Affairs, MEA said that invitations have
also been sent to the President of Kyrgyzstan SooronbayJeenbekov who is the
current Chair of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization and Mauritius Prime
Minister PravindJugnauth, the Chief Guest at this year's PravasiBhartiya Divas.
MEA spokesperson Raveesh Kumar said in response to a media
query, this is in line with the Government's focus on its 'Neighbourhood First'
The BIMSTEC, or the Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral
Technical and Economic Cooperation, member states are: Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri
Lanka, Thailand, Nepal and Bhutan including India.
Prime Minister NarendraModi will take oath for the second term
on Thursday evening. President Ram NathKovind will administer the Oath of Office
and Secrecy to Mr Modi and other members of Union Council of Ministers at a
function in RashtrapatiBhavan.
WHO study claims majority Indian women facing violence from
Global estimates published by the World Health Organization
(WHO) indicate that about 1 in 3 (35%) women worldwide have experienced
either physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence or non-partner
sexual violence in their lifetime.
Worldwide as many as 38% of murders of women are committed by a
male intimate partner. What makes this worse for countries like India is the
fact that intimate partner violence is the highest at 37.7% in the WHO
South-East Asia region.
As per figures released by WHO, the violence ranges from 23.2%
in high-income countries and 24.6% in the WHO Western Pacific region to 37% in
the WHO Eastern Mediterranean region.
Meanwhile, healthcare professionals cautioned that violence can
negatively affect a woman’s physical, mental, sexual, and reproductive health,
and may increase the risk of acquiring HIV in some settings.
Warning that intimate partner violence cause serious short-and
long-term problems for women and adversely affect their children besides leading
to high social and economic costs for women, their families and societies, WHO
said: “There is now evidence that advocacy and empowerment counselling
interventions, as well as home visitation are promising in preventing or
reducing intimate partner violence against women.’’
New draft export policy unveiled
The Commerce Ministry has come out with a comprehensive
draft of the export policy which includes product- specific rules with a
view to provide a ready reckoner for exporters.
The draft policy aims at consolidating the export norms for each
product as applicable at different government agencies.ITC-HS Codes are Indian
Trade Clarification based on Harmonised System of Coding. It was adopted by
India for import-export operations.
Every product has been accorded eight digit HS codes. The
compendium will help an exporter know all the applicable norms pertaining to a
particular product, helping him/her understand policy conditions for that item.
This exercise is for consolidating the norms and not for making
any changes in the existing export policy of the country. The DGFT said that the
updated draft had been prepared by including all existing policy conditions, all
notifications and public notices issued after January 2018. Besides, it also
includes non-tariff regulations imposed by different government agencies.
Commenting on the move, exporters body Federation of Indian
Export Organisations (FIEO) said that it would provide a “ready reckoner” for
traders and help in digitisation.
CIC asks RBI to release list of large defaulters
The Central Information Commission (CIC) has again directed
the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) to disclose the list of large loan
defaulters to activist Nutan Thakur. However, Central Information
Commissioner Suresh Chandra said the RBI need not provide copies of files
related to the list.
In November 2018, the CIC had issued a show cause notice to RBI
Governor Urjit Patel, holding him responsible for not disclosing the same
information, in a different case. The recent CIC order comes a month after the
Supreme Court backed the transparency watchdog against the central bank in an
April 26 ruling.
The SC gave the RBI “a last opportunity” to withdraw a November
2016 Disclosure Policy which stonewalls the disclosure of many types of
information under the Right to Information Act, including the list of wilful
defaulters and annual inspection reports. The policy was directly contrary to
the court’s December 2015 judgement that the RBI could not withhold information
sought under the RTI Act, said an SC Bench.
In the wake of the SC ruling, the CIC has again directed the RBI
to partially disclose the details requested by Ms. Thakur. She had initially
filed her RTI request in September 2017, on the basis of a lecture by RBI Deputy
Governor Viral Acharya who said the RBI had directed banks to file insolvency
applications against 12 large accounts comprising about 25% of the total
U.S to sort out trade imbalances with Japan
The U.S. President Donald Trump today pressed upon Japanese
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe to even out a trade imbalance with the United
States and said he is happy with how things are going with North Korea but
in no rush to reach a peace deal.
Speaking at a press conference with Abe after their summit,
Trump said that his goal is to remove trade barriers to put U.S. exports on a
fair footing in Japan. He said he hoped to have more to announce on trade very
soon and said he and Abe had agreed to expand cooperation in human space
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, in his address stressed upon
the closeness of ties. He said the visit of President Trump is a golden
opportunity to clearly show the unshakable bond to the whole world and inside
Japan as well. Earlier, Trump was greeted by Emperor Naruhito at the imperial
palace in Tokyo in a formal welcome ceremony.
Austrian chancellor ousted in no confidence vote
Austrian Parliament has removed Chancellor Sebastian Kurz
from office as he lost the no confidence in a special Parliamentary
session.His previous coalition ally, the far-right Freedom Party (FPÖ) and
the opposition Social Democrats (SPÖ) backed the no-confidence motions.
The FPÖ had become embroiled in a political scandal caused by a
secret video, which ended the coalition.
Opposition parties brought forward the two no-confidence votes -
one against Kurz and the other against his government.
Austria's President Alexander Van der Bellen named Vice
Chancellor HartwigLöger as the interim leader. Löger will serve until a new
transitional government can be appointed ahead of elections expected in
Kurz, head of the conservative Austrian People's Party, is the
first Chancellor in post-war Austrian history to lose a confidence vote. He was
the world's youngest state leader when elected in 2017, at 31.Kurz's surprise
strong showing in recent European Union elections - with a projected 35% of the
vote - was not enough to save him.
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
DRDO test fires Akash missile system
Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has
successfully test fired AKASH-MK-1S missile from ITR ,Chandipur, Odhisa on
25 and 27 May 2019. Akash Mk1S is an upgrade of existing AKASH missile with
AKASH Mk1S is a surface to air missile which can neutralize
advanced aerial targets. The Akash weapon system has combination of both command
guidance and active terminal seeker guidance.
Seeker and guidance performance have been consistently
established in both the missions. All the mission objectives have been met.
Surabhchaudhary breaks world record in ISSF
In ISSF shooting World Cup, in Munich Germany, India's
SaurabhChaudhary has won 10m Air Pistol Gold beating his own World Record.
The 17-year old Chaudhary scored 246.3 bettering his previous
best of 245 points that was set in New Delhi World Cup Shooting in February this
Chaudhury has already secured a berth for the Tokyo Olympics.
This is India's second Gold in the championship.
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