The NITI Aayog is working on a strategy to put in place a
tracking system for monitoring health parameters of target beneficiaries
under the National Nutrition Mission on a real-time basis.
The tracking system is likely to be Aadhaar-linked, NITI
Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant told reporters after a meeting with States and
Chairman, Tata Trusts, Ratan Tata, on the Mission.
There are multiple programmes under various ministries
aimed at addressing the multitude of the related issues of gender
discrimination, infections, diseases, food fortification, education
opportunities, sanitation etc, all of which affect stunting and
under-nutrition in children below the age of five.
The Centre’s effort has been to converge the schemes and
now the Prime Minister wants that at the district, block and, if possible,
at the village level, the healthcare parameters of target beneficiaries.
The Centre was also working out policy measures and a
strategy to converge the various schemes that impacted malnutrition.
The outcomes at the grass root levels that should be
monitored in the Ministry of Women and Child Welfare would also be finalised.
NITI Aayog Member Bibek Debroy said the challenge was and
the target should be to identify individual households or individuals for
the purpose of monitoring the outcomes.
Scientists have decoded the long-standing mystery behind
how and why mitochondria are only passed to offspring through a mother’s egg
— and not the father’s sperm.
Experiments from the study show that when paternal
mitochondria persist for longer than they should during development, the
embryo is at greater risk of lethality.
Harboured inside the cells of nearly all multi-cellular
animals, plants and fungi are mitochondria, organelles that play an
important role in generating the energy that cells need to survive.
Shortly after a sperm penetrates an egg during
fertilisation, the sperm’s mitochondria are degraded while the egg’s
mitochondria persist, researchers said
The paternal mitochondria were found to partially
self-destruct before the mitochondria were surrounded by autophagosomes,
which target components within a cell and facilitate their degradation.
This suggests that another mechanism, something within
the paternal mitochondrion itself, initiates the degradation process.