Current Affairs for IAS Exams - 30 June 2019
Only 20 percent of Nirbhaya funds utilised,claims study
The States and Union Territories have utilised less than 20%
of the budget allocated to them under the Nirbhaya Fund for safety of women
by the Central government between 2015 and 2018, according to official data.
A sum of Rs. 1,813 crore has been disbursed by the Centre from
2015 to 2019. Of this, The Hindu analysed details of Rs. 854.66 crore disbursed
until 2018, for which utilisation details were made available by the Minister of
Women and Child Development SmritiIrani to the LokSabha on Friday.
The key schemes under which the States have been allocated money
include Emergency Response Support System, Central Victim Compensation Fund,
Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children, One Stop Scheme, Mahila
Police Volunteer, and Universalisation of Women Helpline Scheme.
An analysis of how much the various schemes have taken off in
different States shows that none of the 36 States and UTs have spent any money
on the Cyber Crime Prevention against Women and Children programme. The Centre
disbursed Rs. 93.12 crore for this scheme in 2017.
As many 21 States have not used any money under the Central
Victim Compensation Fund for providing support to victims of rape, acid attacks,
human trafficking and women killed or injured in cross border firing; Rs. 200
crore was allocated to 36 States and UTs for the programme with the aim to
supplement State governments’ funds as well as to reduce disparity in quantum of
India urges global community to act against economic offenders
India has pitched strongly to deal with fugitive economic
offenders and Prime Minister NarendraModi has flagged the issue at all
global forums, the country’s Sherpa to G-20, Suresh Prabhu, said on
“We strongly feel that we as a global community must act in
unison to deal with such issues of people committing economic offences and
running away from their national domicile country,” he told presspersons after
the G-20 Sherpas’ meeting.
Asked why India did not join the Osaka declaration on digital
economy, Mr.Prabhu said the reasons had been communicated to Japanese Prime
Minister Shinzo Abe.
But he clarified that India strongly believed in digital economy
and had taken a host of measures, including a huge number of bank accounts, to
give it a thrust.
“India has a very massive programme on digital transactions. We
have opened bank accounts of a large number of people. Many transactions are
happening through the digital forms.”
Mr.Prabhu, Railway Minister in the first term of the NDA
government, said the Railways had almost 8.1 billion passengers a year, and many
of them buy tickets through digital platforms.
“So, digital is something which we all believe in, we have a
market which is growing including the e-commerce market,” Mr.Prabhu said.
Food supply management and low oil prices kept inflation low
A flexible inflation targeting framework aided by low oil
prices and food supply management has helped keep the headline inflation low
in the last five years, outgoing Reserve Bank of India Deputy Governor Viral
Acharya said on Saturday.
The RBI Act was amended in 2016 for an inflation targeting
framework, that had set a target for the RBI of 4% consumer price (CPI)
index-based inflation, with a deviation of 2% on both sides, for five years.
He said India’s GDP growth had been one of the highest among
large economies in the last decade and half. “Two preconditions of macroeconomic
stability — stable growth and low inflation — necessary for financialisation of
savings and capital market development are now in place in India,” he said.
He said there had been a conscious effort by the RBI to expand
the investor base and thereby, the liquidity of the markets it regulates, while
preserving financial stability.
“However, the lack of a bankruptcy resolution framework for
non-bank financial entities remains a crucial gap that deserves prompt attention
of the authorities,” he added.
Global survey claims flexible working hours key to choosing job
As workplaces undergo transformation, the top emerging
trends impacting workforce planning and management are flexible working
hours, evolving job roles, enabling technologies and automation, among
others, a latest survey has found.
In the global survey, conducted by Kronos Incorporated, that
included India, the youth admitted flexibility at the workplace was a key driver
to take up a job. One in four (26%) admitted they would work harder and stay
longer in a company that would support flexible schedules, with flexibility
desired the most in Canada (33%), the U.K. (31%), and the U.S. (31%).
Known as GenZ, the youth (35%), said they would never tolerate
if forced by their employer to work when they do not want to, while 34% of the
respondents said they would not work on back-to-back shifts.
With millennials making up a fair part of it, followed by GenZ,
workplaces are reinventing themselves to suit the workforce and their desires
without having to compromise on productivity, compliance and cost, say HR
The millennial workforce desires a better working experience
with more flexibility, communication, collaboration and real-time connectivity
to feel engaged and motivated in an organisation, says James Thomas, Country
Manager, India, Kronos Incorporated, a provider of workforce management
solutions for corporates.
UN chief urges action against climate change catastrophe
UN chief Antonio Guterres today said, climate-related
devastation was striking the planet on a weekly basis and warned that urgent
action must be taken to avoid a catastrophe.
Speaking at a two-day Climate Meeting in Abu Dhabi, Mr Guterres
said, Climate disruption is happening now. He said it is progressing even faster
than the world's top scientists have predicted.
Abu Dhabi Climate Meeting is being held to prepare for a Climate
Action Summit in New York in September.
The UN chief held out hope in the Paris Agreement to cut harmful
emissions and reduce global warming.Under the Paris Agreement, the world is
required to keep the temperature rise under 2 degrees Celsius by the end of the
A landmark report last year by the Intergovernmental Panel on
Climate Change said, a safer cap of a 1.5 degree rise would see nations rapidly
slash planet-warming greenhouse gas emissions via a sharp reduction of fossil
It is thought that 300 billion dollar will be needed annually by
2030 to help nations deal with climate-related disasters.
Thousands protest in demand for civilian rule in Sudan
In Sudan, seven people have been killed as tens of thousands
of protesters took to the streets to demand civilian rule in the first mass
rally since a bloody crackdown on demonstrators.
The "million-man" march yesterday was seen as a test for protest
organisers after their push for the civilian rule was hit by the June 3 raid on
a Khartoum protest camp and a subsequent internet blackout that curbed their
ability to mobilise support.
Police fired tear gas on protesters approaching the Presidential
Palace after organisers called for a march on the building that houses offices
of the ruling transitional military council.
The official SUNA news agency quoting a Health Ministry official
said seven were killed in the protests, without elaborating how they died or who
Dozens of demonstrators were killed and hundreds injured when
armed men in military fatigues stormed the sit-in on June 3 outside army
headquarters, shooting and beating protesters who had camped there since April
::SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY::
Scientists discover source of powerfull cosmic waves
A team of international astronomers have determined for the
first time the precise source of a powerful, one-off burst of cosmic radio
They have pinpointed it to a massive galaxy billions of light
years away, with properties that upend what scientists previously thought they
knew about the formation of mysterious fast radio bursts (FRBs). “This result is
highly anticipated within the astronomy community,” Casey Law, an astronomer at
UC Berkeley, who was not involved in the study, said.
The findings, published in the journal Science , are among the
most significant since the discovery in 2007 of FRBs, which flash for only a
micro-instant but can emit as much energy in a millisecond as the Sun does in
Exactly what creates these high-energy surges of long waves at
the far end of the electromagnetic spectrum remains the subject of intense
debate, though scientists now agree they originate in far away galaxies.
Since the first FRB was detected a little over a decade ago, a
global hunt has found 85 bursts. Most have been “one-offs”.
In 2017, astronomers were able to trace the source of a
repeating burst, but locating a one-off FRB presented a much more difficult
Veer chotrani wins U-19 Asian squash title
In Squash, India won a gold today as Veer Chotrani beat
compatriot YashFadte to win the Under-19 title at the Asian Junior
Championship in Macau, China.
With this victory, Veer became the third Indian to win the Asian
trophy after Ravi Dixit and Vela Senthilkumar.
In the other two finals, India bagged two silver medals through
Neel Joshi in the boys Under-17 category and Yuvna Gupta in the girls Under-15
India finished the tournament with one gold, three silver and as
many bronze medals.
For Study Materials Call Us at +91 8800734161 (MON-SAT 11AM-7PM)