Current Affairs for IAS Exams - 31 May 2022

Current Affairs for IAS Exams - 31 May 2022


Medical Commission’s regulations for foreign medical graduates

  • Supreme Court upholds National Medical Commission’s regulations for foreign medical graduates.


  • The regulations had in the recent past been a point of debate with relation to Indian students who were forced to return due to the Ukraine crisis.
  • The Bench upheld the regulatory validity of the National Medical Commission (Foreign Medical Graduate Licentiate) Regulations 2021 and the National Medical Commission (Compulsory Rotating Medical Internship) Regulations of 2021.
  • The first one requires the foreign medical graduates (FMGs)

1.    to undergo a medical course for a minimum 54 months; an internship for a minimum duration of 12 months in the same foreign medical institution;
2.    to be registered with a professional regulatory body competent to grant licence in the same foreign country; and further undergo a supervised 12-month internship in India after applying to the National Medical Commission. 


Gen Next Democracy Network

  • Indian Council for Cultural Relations’ ten days programme Gen Next Democracy Network concluded.


  • In the closing ceremony, 27 delegates from six countries- Ghana, Bangladesh, Peru, Nepal, Brunei and Norway shared their experiences of visiting India. 
  • On this occasion, youth from democratic countries come to India under the Gen Next Democracy Network programme. During the programme, they get acquainted with India’s heritage, culture and functioning of Indian democracy.

Indian Council for Cultural Relations:

  • The Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) is an autonomous organization of the Government of India.The headquarters of the ICCR is located in New Delhi.
  • It was founded in 1950 by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, the first Education Minister of independent India.
  • It is involved in India’s global cultural relations, through cultural exchanges with other countries and their people.
  • The council also manages missions abroad, with well-established cultural centers in various countries.
  • He also heads the Jawaharlal Nehru Prize for International Understanding, established by the Indian government in 1965, the last of which dates back to 2009.


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International Day of UN Peacekeepers

  • The International Day of UN Peacekeepers is being observed on 29th May. 
  • For the past two decades on this day, UN Peacekeepers, also known as the Blue Helmets, are remembered by the world for their role in promoting security, peace and stability. 


  • More than one million UN peacekeepers have taken part in 72 such operations since 1948. This year, the theme is People Peace Progress: The Power of Partnerships.
  • India has played a key role in UN Peacekeeping operations. It sent doctors and nurses to Congo in 1960 and then an all women team to Liberia in 2008.
  • UN Resident Coordinator in India, Shombi Sharp lauded India’s role and said its core democratic ideals and values are a testimony of its capacity.
  • On the International Day of UN Peacekeepers, External Affairs Minister Dr S Jaishankar saluted the courage and dedication of the brave men and women who carry out UN Peacekeeping around the world. 
  • In a tweet, Dr Jaishankar remembered the peacekeepers who have made the supreme sacrifice in the cause of peace.

Vice President three-nation tour to Gabon, Senegal and Qatar

  • Vice President M. Venkaiah Naidu today embarked on a three-nation tour to Gabon, Senegal and Qatar. This is the first-ever visit from India at the level of Vice President to all the three countries. 


  • The Vice President’s visit to Gabon and to Senegal will add momentum to India’s engagement with Africa and also emphasise its commitment to the African continent. 
  • The visit to Qatar, as both sides prepare to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations, will further enhance the bilateral ties. 
  • A number of bilateral documents are expected to be concluded during the visit to the three countries.


  • Gabon is a country on the west coast of Central Africa. 
  • Located on the equator, Gabon is bordered by Equatorial Guinea to the northwest, Cameroon to the north, the Republic of the Congo on the east and south, and the Gulf of Guinea to the west.
  • Gabon’s capital is Libreville.


  • Senegal is a country in West Africa. Senegal is bordered by Mauritania in the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, and Guinea-Bissau to the southwest. 



Bank Privatization 

  • Government has been notified that, “Advance action” is underway for the privatisation of two public sector banks (PSBs).


  • In the Union Budget for 2021-22, Union Finance Minister had announced privatisation of two PSBs besides IDBI Bank. However, this year’s Budget Speech had skipped the mention of the progress made for the privatisation of two PSBs.
  • Even as the NITI Aayog has suggested names of two PSBs for privatisation, the Centre is yet to make an enabling provision in the law for the divestment of the government’s stake sale below the 51 per cent threshold. 
  • The government had listed the introduction of Banking Companies (Acquisition and Transfer of Undertakings) Act, 1970, in the Winter Session, but the Bill was not tabled. The Aayog had reportedly suggested privatisation of Central Bank of India and Indian Overseas Bank.
  • The approval to privatise the two PSBs is yet to be considered by the Core Group of Secretaries on Divestment (CGD) headed by cabinet secretary. 



West Nile Virus

  • The Kerala health department is on alert after the death of a 47-year-old from Thrissur due to the West Nile Virus.


  • The West Nile Virus (WNV) is a mosquito-borne, single-stranded RNA virus.
  • It is caused by flavivirus WNV and is related to viruses that cause Japanese Encephalitis, yellow fever, and St Louis encephalitis.
  • West Nile fever is spread by the Culex species of mosquitoes. Human infection is most often the result of bites from infected mosquitoes.
  • Mosquitoes become infected when they feed on infected birds, which circulate the virus in their blood for a few days. The virus eventually gets into the mosquito’s salivary glands. 
  • During later blood meals (when mosquitoes bite), the virus may be injected into humans and animals, where it can multiply and possibly cause illness, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).
  • The virus may also be transmitted through contact with other infected animals, their blood, or other tissues.


  • Around 80 per cent of those infected with WNV are asymptomatic. Around 20 per cent of people affected develop West Nile fever.
  • Symptoms include fever, headache, tiredness, body aches, nausea, and vomiting. 


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