Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams - 11 May 2020


Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams - 11 May 2020


Q1 The National Institute of Virology (NIV), Pune, has developed an ELISA test kit to detect antibodies that the body develops in response to infection by the SARS-CoV-2 novel coronavirus. Which of the following statements regarding the same stands true ?

1) Since the ELISA test is based on detection of antibodies, it can only help in knowing if the person has been previously infected by coronavirus and cannot detect those persons who have been asymptomatic throughout the infection.
2) While the RT-PCR (reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction) test, which detects the RNA of the coronavirus, enables detection of current infection, it will not be useful if the testing is carried out days after the infection clears as the virus will no longer be present.
3) However, antibodies developed in response to the coronavirus infection will be present in the blood for a longer duration and hence the ELISA test can help detect past infection.
Options :
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) 1 & 3 only 
d) all the above

Q2 Which of the following are the diseases are the ones completely eradicated from India ?

1) Polio
2) Measles
3) Smallpox
4) Guinea worm
5) Malaria

Options :
a) 1,2& 3 only
b) 2,3 & 5 only 
c) 1,3 & 4 only
d) all the above
answer : c

Q3 With respect to provisions regarding protection to workers in India and across the globe, which of the following statements stands true ?

1) International Labour Organization’s ‘Employment and Decent Work for Peace and Resilience Recommendation, 2017’  requires states to ensure that the marginalised groups “freely choose employment” while rebuilding after any disaster.
2) Article 44 of the constitution under the Gandhian principles,prohibits forced labour under any circumstances in India.
3)  The Supreme Court, in PUDR v. Union of India (1982), held that “the word ‘force’ must be construed to include force arising from the compulsion of economic circumstances which leaves no choice of alternatives to a person in want and compels him to provide labour or service.
Options :
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only 
c) 1 & 3 only
d) all the above

Q4 The ‘Sal forest tortoise' is widely distributed over eastern and northern India and Southeast Asia. Which of the following statements with respect to the species stands true ?

1) Majority species of freshwater turtle and tortoise species found in India come under the threatened category in the IUCN red list and are under severe existential threat due to human activities.
2) Over 90% of the potential distribution of the species falls inside current protected area’s network.
3) According to the IUCN the population of the species may have fallen by about 80% in the last three generations (90 years).
Options :
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) 1 & 3 only
d) all the above

Q5 Hyderabad based Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) lab has developed automated sanitising systems to sanitise electronic gadgets, papers and currency notes recently. The device named ‘DHRUV’ uses which of the following rays ?

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