Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams - 15 April 2019

Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams - 15 April 2019

Q1. Which of the following statements regarding the spread of antibiotic resistance across the world are true ?

1) The majority of the world’s annual 5.7 million antibiotic-treatable deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries, where the mortality burden from treatable bacterial infections far exceeds the estimated annual 700,000 deaths from antibiotic-resistant infections.
2) Worldwide, the irrational use of antibiotics and poor antimicrobial stewardship lead to treatment failure and propagate the spread of drug resistance which, in turn, further narrows the available array of effective antibiotics.
3) Even after the discovery of a new antibiotic, regulatory hurdles and substandard health facilities delay or altogether prevent widespread market entry and drug availability.

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) 1 & 3 only
d) all of the above

Q2. Sugar cane, Sunflower, Pumpkin, cucumber, bitter gourd etc are examples of which of the following types of crops ?

a) Kharif crops
b) Rabi Crops
c) Zaid crops
d) Cereal crops

Q3. Consider the following statements regarding Unified Payments Interface (UPI) :

1) Unified Payments Interface (UPI) is an instant real-time payment system developed by National Payments Corporation of India facilitating inter-bank transactions. The interface is regulated by the Reserve Bank of India and works by instantly transferring funds between two bank accounts on a mobile platform.
2) UPI is a great solution, but it has some hurdles to adoption such as linking phone numbers, linking bank account, entering debit card number, etc.
3) While some of the growth can be attributed to the low base, the astronomical increase in transactions has meant that UPI is now competing seriously with the incumbent forms of digital payments such as credit cards and debit cards.

Which of the above statements are true ?
a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) 1 & 3 only
d) all of the above

Q4. Which of the statements regarding ethanol production are true ?

1) In India, ethanol production is mostly by fermenting molasses to meet the annual target of 5% blending of petrol with ethanol.
2) India has set a target of blending petrol with 20% of biofuel by 2022, without using sources such as rice and wheat straw which are considered important for addressing food inflation.
3) Lignocellulose is the most abundantly available raw material on the Earth for the production of biofuels, mainly bio-ethanol.

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) 1 & 3 only
d) all the above

Q5. Which of the following countries other than Paraguay is the only landlocked country in the South American continent?

a) Peru
b) Brazil
c) Bolivia
d) Uruguay

Click Here For Today's Current Affairs

Click Here for MCQ's Archive

Buy Printed Study Material for IAS Pre General Studies (Paper-1)

Join Online Coaching for IAS Pre General Studies (Paper-1)

UPSC Pre Postal Test Series


1(d), 2(c), 3(d), 4(c), 5(c)