Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams - 18 MARCH 2019

Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams - 18 MARCH 2019

Q1. An International Workshop on Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (IWDRI) will be inaugurated tomorrow. The two-day workshop is being organised by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) in collaboration with United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR).

Which of the following statements regarding disaster risk reduction are true ?
1) Besides reducing infrastructure losses, disaster resilient infrastructure helps achieve targets pertaining to reduction in mortality, number of affected people and economic losses due to disasters.
2) The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR), 2015-2030 identifies investing in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) for resilience and to build back better in reconstruction as priorities for action towards reducing disaster risk.
3) Goal 9 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) alsorecognizes disaster resilient infrastructure as a crucial driver of economic growth and development.

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) 1 & 3 only
d) all of the above

Q2. The rivers Aanar,Arunavati,Betul,Girna and Ganjal are tributaries of which of the following peninsular Indian rivers ?

a) Narmada
b) Tapti
c) Chambal
d) Godavari

Q3. Which of the following comparisons between the eastern and western coastal plains of India are true ?

1) Eastern coastal plain extends smoothly from North to South with a broad plain with a level surface. While the western coastal plainrunning from North to South is intersected by mountain ridges at some places.
2) The Eastern coastal plains receives more rainfall as a result of more cyclonic activity in the Bay of Bengal.
3) The eastern coastal plain is mostly formed by fine alluvial soil, so it is fertile especially on the deltas while the western coastal plains are mostly formed by coarse-grained soil, so it is infertile and not suitable for agriculture except the land of Malabar Coast.

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) 1 & 3 only
d) all of the above

Q4. Consider the following statements regarding the latest study release named Deltas, Vulnerability and Climate Change: Migration and Adaptation which depictsthe pattern of migration in the Indian Bengal delta :

1) More than 50% of people migrate because of economic reasons, unsustainable agriculture, lack of economic opportunities and debt.
2) In the Indian Bengal Delta, there exists a huge gender disparity, with men outnumbering women by almost five times. While most of the men migrate due to economic reasons, women do so, driven by mostly social factors.
3) According to experts behind the study, one of the important reasons for migration is failed adaptation in the areas which are under stress due to climate change.

Which of the above statements are true ?

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) 1 & 3 only
d) all of the above

Q5. The Global environment outlook report is released by which of the following global organizations ?

a) UNESCO
b) UN Environment Program (UNEP)
c) Global Environmental Facility (GEF)
d) International human dimensions program
 

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ANSWER:

1(d), 2(b), 3(a), 4(d), 5(b)

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