Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams - 26 June 2020

Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams - 26 June 2020

Q1. In its first global report on the illegal wildlife trade, the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) has described it as a “global threat”, which also has links with other organised crimes such as modern slavery, drug trafficking and arms trade. Which of the following statements regarding the same stands true ?

1) The “Money Laundering and the Illegal Wildlife Trade” report said “criminals are frequently misusing the legitimate wildlife trade, as well as other import-export type businesses, as a front to move and hide illegal proceeds from wildlife crimes.
2) The study has highlighted the growing role of online marketplaces and mobile and social media-based payments to facilitate movement of proceeds warranting a coordinated response from government bodies, the private sector and the civil society.
3) The report noted that in 2012, India amended the Prevention of Money Laundering Act removing a value threshold — of ₹80 lakh and above — that was earlier applicable to the wildlife trade predicates.

Options :

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) 1 & 3 only
d) all the above

Q2. Fractional distillation refers to the separation of a liquid mixture into fractions differing in boiling point (and hence chemical composition) by means of distillation, typically using a fractionating column. Which of the following are the products of fractional distillation of crude oil?

1) Natural gas
2) Kerosene
3) Butane
4) Methane
5) Bitumen

Options :

a) 1,2 & 3 only
b) 2,3 & 5 only
c) 1,4 & 5 only
d) 2,4 & 5 only


Q3 While particulate matter and nitrous oxide levels fell during the lockdown, ozone — also a harmful pollutant — increased in several cities, according to an analysis by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE).Which of the following statements regarding the same stands true?

1) Ozone is a highly reactive gas; even short-term exposure of an hour is dangerous for those with respiratory conditions and asthma and that’s why an eight-hour average is considered for ozone instead of the 24-hour average for other pollutants.
2) Ozone is not directly emitted by any source but is formed by photochemical reactions between oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and other volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and gases in the air under the influence of sunlight and heat.
3) It can be curtailed only if gases from any one of the sources are controlled. Kolkata is the only city where the city-wide average of ozone was exceeded more than eight days.

Options :

a) 1 & 2 only b) 2 & 3 only c) 1 & 3 only d) all the above


Q4. NITI Aayog and the International Transport Forum of OECD jointly launched the Decarbonizing Transport in Emerging Economies project recently. Which of the following statements stands true?

1) The transport sector of India is the highest greenhouse gas emitting sector, where the major contribution comes from the road transport sector.
2) Out of the total carbon dioxide emissions in India, 13 percent come from the transport sector. These emissions have more than tripled since 1990.
3) The ambitious five-year project will help India develop a pathway towards a low-carbon transport system through the development of modelling tools and policy scenarios.

Options :

a) 1 & 2 only
b) 2 & 3 only
c) 1 & 3 only
d) all the above


Q5. Which of the following states have been awarded for being the best performing small states under National .......

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