Telling Numbers: On new gender equality
index, India is 95th in 129 countries (Indian Express)
Mains Paper 1 : Society
Prelims level : SDG Gender Index
Mains level : Important indexes indication global gender equality
- A new index to measure global gender equality, launched on Monday, ranks
India at 95th among 129 countries.
- The SDG Gender Index comes close on the heels of the gender gap index of
the World Economic Forum where India was ranked 108th.
How the ranking works
- The SDG Gender Index has been developed by Equal Measures 2030, a joint
effort of regional and global organisations including African Women’s
Development and Communication Network, Asian-Pacific Resource and Research
Centre for Women, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and International
Women’s Health Coalition.
- It accounts for 14 out of 17 SDGs (sustainable development goals) that
cover aspects such as poverty, health, education, literacy, political
representation and equality at the workplace.
- A score of 100 reflects the achievement of gender equality in relation
to the targets set for each indicator. It means, for example, that 100% of
girls complete secondary education, or that there is around 50-50 parity for
women and men in Parliament.
- A score of 50 signifies that a country is about halfway to meeting a
- The ranking found that the world is far from achieving gender equality
with 1.4 billion girls and women living in countries that get a “very poor”
- The global average score of the 129 countries which represent 95% of the
world’s girls and women — is 65.7 out of 100 (“poor” in the index).
- Altogether, 2.8 billion girls and women live in countries that get
either a “very poor” (59 and below) or “poor” score (60-69) on gender
- Just 8% of the world’s population of girls and women live in countries
that received a “good” gender equality score (80-89) and no country achieved
an “excellent” overall score of 90 or above.
Key findings for India
- India’s highest goal scores are on health (79.9), hunger & nutrition
(76.2), and energy (71.8). Its lowest goal scores are on partnerships (18.3,
in the bottom 10 countries worldwide), industry, infrastructure and
innovation (38.1), and climate (43.4).
- On indicators that define such goals, India scored 95.3 on the
percentage of female students enrolled in primary education who are overage.
- Some of India’s lowest scores on indicators include the proportion of
seats held by women in national parliaments (score 23.6; women made up 11.8%
of Parliament in 2018). On seats held by women in the Supreme Court (4%),
India has a score of 18.2.
- On gender-based violence, indicators include proportion of women aged
20-24 years who were married or in a union before age 18 (27.3%), women who
agreed that a husband/partner is justified in beating his wife/partner under
certain circumstances (47.0%), and women aged 15+ who reported that they
“feel safe walking alone at night in the city or area where she lives”
Q.1) Which of the following come under the definition of a ‘State’ as
defined under Part III of the constitution?
1. Public-private partnership firms.
2. Non- governmental organisations.
4. Cooperative societies.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
(a) 1 and 2 only
(b) 2, 3 and 4 only
(c) 1, 3 and 4 only
(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4
Q.1) The SDG Gender Index ranking found that the world is far from
achieving gender equality with 1.4 billion girls and women living in countries
that get a “very poor” grade. Comment.