A blueprint for national security for
Modi 2.0 govt (Live Mint)
Mains Paper 3 : Defense and security
Prelims level : Modi 2.0
Mains level : Modi 2.0 on India’s security policies
- The 2019 election was unique. It was fought on the plank of national
security and India’s response to Pakistan’s unabated proxy war over the past
- This, surprisingly, made caste arithmetic irrelevant.
- The tipping point had come with the brutal killing of 40 Central Reserve
Police Force troopers at Pulwama.
- For the first time, India called Pakistan’s nuclear bluff and reacted
across the border with a massive air strike at the Balakot terror camp.
- This was the first time in the last 50 years that Indian war planes had
crossed into Pakistan.
- The response of the people was one of euphoric catharsis and got the
National Democratic Alliance (NDA) a landslide victory in the elections.
What we expect from the new administration?
- This new administration will now have to deliver and strengthen national
security in a highly visible and significant manner.
- The world is increasingly becoming more complex, with the Trump
administration flexing muscles against Russia, Iran, and China. Iran is
vital to our energy security and as a gateway to landlocked
Afghanistan and Central Asia.
- American sanctions against Russia directly impinge on our military
hardware purchases such as the vital S-400 deal. How the China-US trade war
will pan out affects us directly.
- Also, the US withdrawal from Afghanistan could have a serious impact on
- There must be no scope for any illusion that it can carry on with terror
- These will invariably invite strong cross-border military retaliation
and the onus of escalation will be squarely on Pakistan.
- We need to create the military power and capacity to deter and dissuade
the China-Pakistan combine from any adventurism.
- The civilian government and bureaucracy must get single point advice
from a military expert. Police, intelligence and the foreign service do not
have the expertise or experience to provide such professional military
inputs in times of a crisis requiring kinetic responses.
- After Balakot these could occur with much greater frequency.
- Also, we must, on topmost priority, plug the dangerous gaps in our air
- We must rapidly induct 150 new Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCAs)
and arrest the dangerous downslide in our squadron strength.
- We must open a second production line in the private sector to enhance
the rate of induction of LCAs (Light Combat Aircraft).
- Civil-military integration of the armed forces and ministry of defence
needs to go beyond tokenism. Military officials must be inducted now at the
joint secretary level.
Controlling internal disturbance
- The police and home ministry have been claiming great success in
containing the Maoists and reducing their influence.
- The unfortunate fact, however, is that each year in April-May they
launch an annual tactical counter-offensive and inflict heavy losses on the
police and CPOs and loot weapons.
- Their strike power is intact and we have not been able to penetrate the
dense jungles of Dantewada to destroy the armed Maoist groups in that
- The number of armed Maoist battalions has gone up from 3 to 21 in this
forest redoubt. This is dangerous and we cannot lull ourselves into
- We need concerted offensive military operations in the jungle redoubts
to impose actual attrition on armed Maoist groups.
- The Indian state cannot give primacy to universal human rights
principles at the cost of its own national security and survival.
- We may have to use the army special forces and attack helicopters for
concerted offensive ops against armed Maoist gangs in deep jungle
- The NDA has received an unprecedented mandate.
- This has aroused huge expectations and the new government will simply
have to deliver.
- It came back on the agenda of primacy to national security.
- It will have to deliver on those promises in a visible and time-bound
Q.1) Consider the following statements with reference to Pradhan Mantri
Vidya Lakshmi Karyakram:
1. Under the karyakram an online platform has been set up for students
seeking loans and scholarships.
2. It is meant to serve only the students from rural areas.
3. It is a Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology initiative.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 1 only
(c) 1 and 2 only
(d) 2 and 3 only
Q.1) What happens in the Gulf impinges on our security? Can we afford to be mute
by- standers there?
Q.2) Are we in a situation to influence outcomes in these vital regions such
as Iran and Afghanistan?