THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 05 JUNE 2019 (A blueprint for national security for Modi 2.0 govt (Live Mint))

A blueprint for national security for Modi 2.0 govt (Live Mint)

Mains Paper 3 : Defense and security
Prelims level : Modi 2.0
Mains level : Modi 2.0 on India’s security policies

Context

  • The 2019 election was unique. It was fought on the plank of national security and India’s response to Pakistan’s unabated proxy war over the past 30 years.
  • This, surprisingly, made caste arithmetic irrelevant.
  • The tipping point had come with the brutal killing of 40 Central Reserve Police Force troopers at Pulwama.
  • For the first time, India called Pakistan’s nuclear bluff and reacted across the border with a massive air strike at the Balakot terror camp.
  • This was the first time in the last 50 years that Indian war planes had crossed into Pakistan.
  • The response of the people was one of euphoric catharsis and got the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) a landslide victory in the elections.

What we expect from the new administration?

  • This new administration will now have to deliver and strengthen national security in a highly visible and significant manner.
  • The world is increasingly becoming more complex, with the Trump administration flexing muscles against Russia, Iran, and China. Iran is vital to our energy security and as a gateway to landlocked

Afghanistan and Central Asia.

  • American sanctions against Russia directly impinge on our military hardware purchases such as the vital S-400 deal. How the China-US trade war will pan out affects us directly.
  • Also, the US withdrawal from Afghanistan could have a serious impact on our security.
  • There must be no scope for any illusion that it can carry on with terror strikes.
  • These will invariably invite strong cross-border military retaliation and the onus of escalation will be squarely on Pakistan.
  • We need to create the military power and capacity to deter and dissuade the China-Pakistan combine from any adventurism.
  • The civilian government and bureaucracy must get single point advice from a military expert. Police, intelligence and the foreign service do not have the expertise or experience to provide such professional military inputs in times of a crisis requiring kinetic responses.
  • After Balakot these could occur with much greater frequency.
  • Also, we must, on topmost priority, plug the dangerous gaps in our air power.
  • We must rapidly induct 150 new Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCAs) and arrest the dangerous downslide in our squadron strength.
  • We must open a second production line in the private sector to enhance the rate of induction of LCAs (Light Combat Aircraft).
  • Civil-military integration of the armed forces and ministry of defence needs to go beyond tokenism. Military officials must be inducted now at the joint secretary level.

Controlling internal disturbance

  • The police and home ministry have been claiming great success in containing the Maoists and reducing their influence.
  • The unfortunate fact, however, is that each year in April-May they launch an annual tactical counter-offensive and inflict heavy losses on the police and CPOs and loot weapons.
  • Their strike power is intact and we have not been able to penetrate the dense jungles of Dantewada to destroy the armed Maoist groups in that sanctuary.
  • The number of armed Maoist battalions has gone up from 3 to 21 in this forest redoubt. This is dangerous and we cannot lull ourselves into complacency.
  • We need concerted offensive military operations in the jungle redoubts to impose actual attrition on armed Maoist groups.
  • The Indian state cannot give primacy to universal human rights principles at the cost of its own national security and survival.
  • We may have to use the army special forces and attack helicopters for concerted offensive ops against armed Maoist gangs in deep jungle sanctuaries.

Conclusion

Prelims Questions:

Q.1) Consider the following statements with reference to Pradhan Mantri Vidya Lakshmi Karyakram:
1. Under the karyakram an online platform has been set up for students seeking loans and scholarships.
2. It is meant to serve only the students from rural areas.
3. It is a Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology initiative.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 and 3 only
(b) 1 only
(c) 1 and 2 only
(d) 2 and 3 only

Answer: B
Mains Questions:

Q.1) What happens in the Gulf impinges on our security? Can we afford to be mute by- standers there?

Q.2) Are we in a situation to influence outcomes in these vital regions such as Iran and Afghanistan?


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