THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 09 January 2020 (On unmet emission goals (Mint))

On unmet emission goals (Mint)

Mains Paper 3: Environment
Prelims level : Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Mains level : Highlights the new report by IPCC


  • Two important reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), on the impact of higher global temperatures on land, oceans and the cryosphere, lend further urgency to the task before countries now meeting in Madrid for the UN conference.
  • The member-nations of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change have been trying to finalise measures under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement to commodify carbon emissions cuts, and to make it financially attractive to reduce emissions.

Major findings:

  • The IPCC scientists research helps the international community decide on actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
  • It has been threat the most optimistic scenarios, human health, livelihoods, biodiversity and food systems face a serious threat from climate change.
  • In the case of oceans and frozen areas on land, accelerated rates of loss of ice, particularly in Greenland.
  • The Arctic and the Antarctic, will produce a destructive rise in sea levels; increases in tropical cyclone winds, rainfall and extreme waves, combined with relative sea level rise, will exacerbate catastrophic sea level events.
  • All this will deal a blow also to the health of fish stocks.
  • The countries with a long coastline, including India, is that local sea level anomalies that occurred once in a century may become annual events, due to the projected global mean sea level rise over the 21st century.
  • This is an alarming scenario for the 680 million residents of low-lying coastal areas, whose population may go up to one billion by 2050, and for those living in small islands.

Why the new assessment is significant?

  • The new IPCC assessment underscores the need for unprecedented and urgent action in all countries that have significant greenhouse gas emissions.
  • It strengthens the case for industrialised nations to provide liberal, transparent funding to developing countries under the Paris Agreement, reinforcing the principle of Common But Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities, and recognising that rich countries reduced the carbon space available to the poor.
  • The developed world will be focusing in Madrid on creating a global system of accounting for emissions reductions, introducing credible carbon markets, and making some of the gains from these markets available to developing nations to invest in green energy.
  • The scientists have a high degree of certainty on losses that will arise from climate change, there must be steady progress on addressing damage.

Way forward:

Prelims Questions:

Q.1) With reference to the Ethical veganism, consider the following statements:
1. It is defined as the view that attaches a positive ethical valuation to a vegan lifestyle.
2. Ethical veganism and ethical vegetarianism are same.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Mains Questions:

Q.1) What are the major findings of the new IPCC assessment?