THE GIST of Editorial for UPSC Exams : 10 January 2020 (Betrayals from outside and within (The Hindu))

Betrayals from outside and within (The Hindu)

Mains Paper 1: Society
Prelims level : Islamic State
Mains level : Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism and secularism.


  • The fight against the Islamic State (IS) was won with the help of three major forces on the ground, for the Western coalition on its own would not have managed to do much with remote-controlled bombs.
  • These were the Kurds, the Shia militia and ordinary Muslims (Sunni and Shia) who spoke up against the kind of Islam espoused by the IS and its supporters, choking the movement of easy recruits.
  • Towards the end of 2019, Donald Trump’s America betrayed the Kurds and abandoned them.
  • In early 2020, with the ‘targeted killing’ of Qassem Soleimani, Trump’s America betrayed the second partner.
  • The very Shia forces with which the West had collaborated in both Afghanistan and Iraq to fight al-Qaeda and the IS.

Narrow identity:

  • At the core of the crisis in the so-called Muslim world is not the U.S. or any other external factor. It is the narrowness of Muslims themselves.
  • It is the narrowness of their understanding of themselves.
  • By failing to allow other Muslims to believe or not to believe in their own ways, they do not just divide themselves up — persecuting the atheists, Ahmedis, Bohras, Shias, Sunnis etc. — they also cut themselves off from other communities.
  • If you cannot allow fellow Muslims to differ openly, how will you accept Hindus or Sikhs who do not believe like you do?


Prelims Questions:

Q.1) With reference to the “Small Finance Bank”, consider the following statements:
1. Shivalik Mercantile Co-operative Bank Limited has become the first urban cooperative bank (UCB) that has been granted ‘in-principle’ permission to convert into a small finance bank by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI).
2. The minimum paid-up equity capital for small finance banks shall be Rs 100 crore under 'on-tap' license regime.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer: A
Mains Questions:

Q.1) Do you think the Muslims around the world are being pushed to the wall but they must avoid the Islamist trap? Comment.