It is high time the National Defence
University takes off (The Hindu)
Mains Paper 3: Defense and Security
Prelims level : National Defence University
Mains level : Reforms in military education system
- Generals, Admirals and Air Marshals must move away from their comfort
zone of “being in charge” on the battlefield, and smoothly make the
transition to being “combat enablers and policy advisers”.
- Immediate challenges rest in the sub-conventional and limited war
- It is these domains that demand high levels of proficiency and
autonomous leadership qualities at the unit, battalion, squadron and brigade
levels, with the senior leadership playing primarily a facilitating role.
- If this is an outcome that India’s military needs to strive for, the
path must be shaped by a new kind of education.
Improvement in military institution:
- The military’s existing educational institutions should remove training
from their curriculum”.
- This, he argued will “free up time for academic study in subjects such
as international relations, strategic theory, geopolitics and conflict
analysis and resolution”.
- Senior leaders, he suggested, need to retrain themselves to move away
from rigid chains of command, and learn to “respectfully disagree, balance
multiple viewpoints and opinions, and present complex arguments” to diverse
Demands on senior leadership
- We are entering a period of momentous change in which the war of
networks and ideas is overtaking the established state.
- We need to take a close look at what propels this warfare.
- If chaos is the signature of modern warfare, it must be countered with
more unpredictability and chaos, something that is alien to structured
militaries the world over.
- Traditional military skills, systematic problem solving and structured
thinking have to be supplemented with creatively modified academic and
intellectual skills at every level.”
- Some of these reflections should strike a chord in India among those
within the national security establishment who feel that educational reform
is long overdue in the Indian military.
- The process must begin at the top.
- One of the major responsibilities of the armed forces’ leadership is to
crystal gaze into the future and suggest military capabilities and
structures that would keep pace with the rapid changes in warfare,
geopolitics and technology, and arm the man behind the machine with the
necessary skills and intellectual armour required to stay ahead of
competitors and adversaries.
- This is an imperative if India wants to move up the strategic value
chain, from being a regional power to a leading power.
- Of the several attributes that a military leader in India must possess,
it is not so much the operational or technological domain that demands
special attention, but the intellectual dimension.
Q.1) With reference to the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior
Citizens (Amendment) Bill, 2019, consider the following statements:
1. Minimum standards for senior citizen care homes has been included in the
2. Appointment of Nodal Police Officers for Senior Citizens in every Police
Station and District level Special Police Unit for Senior Citizens has not been
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
(a) 1 only
(b) 2 only
(c) Both 1 and 2
(d) Neither 1 nor 2
Q.1) Do you think educational reform is long overdue in the Indian military?